10 neighboring countries of India:

India is the largest country in the Indian subcontinent located in South Asia. New Delhi is the capital of India. Geographically, India is the 7th largest country in the world and the second largest country in terms of population. India has 10 major neighboring countries. India is bordered by Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal and Bhutan to the northeast, Bangladesh and Myanmar (Burma) to the east, and Afghanistan to the northwest. In the Indian Ocean it shares a maritime border with Maldives in the southwest, Sri Lanka in the south and Indonesia in the southeast. It is bounded on the north by the Himalaya Mountains and on the south by the Indian Ocean. In the east is the Bay of Bengal and in the west is the Arabian Sea. Here you have been given general knowledge information related to the names of the major neighboring countries of India, their capitals. Name of the major neighboring countries of India, depending on their capital, two or three questions are definitely asked in every exam. It is very useful for your all types of government competitive exams especially Bank PO Clerk, UPSC, SSC, IAS, PCS, CATE, Indian Railway, GATE etc. In this post, the names of the major neighboring countries of India, their capital and important facts have been described.

List of 10 Major Neighboring Countries of India:

  • Pakistan: Pakistan is to the west of India. The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad. With a population of 200 million, Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world. The major languages here are Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Baluchi and Pashto. India has good relations with all the neighboring states except Pakistan. They want to usurp Jammu and Kashmir. They have waged an undeclared war on the north-western borders of India. There have also been 4 wars between Pakistan and India, in 1947, 1965, 1971, 1999. Pakistan is the result of the partition of India. Pakistan was born on 14 August 1947.
  • Afghanistan: The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a country located in South Central Asia, which is surrounded by land on all sides. The capital of Afghanistan is Kabul. It is bordered by Pakistan in the east, India and China in the northeast, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan in the north and Iran in the west.
  • Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka is an island situated in the Indian Ocean, about 80 km from India. The capital of Sri Lanka is Colombo. Until 1972, it was known as Ceylon. Sri Lanka became independent on 4 February 1948. The standard of education here is very good and 90% of the people are educated. The main religion here is Buddhism. Colombo, the largest city of Sri Lanka, is an important seaport port.
  • Bangladesh: Bangladesh is another neighboring country of ours. It was earlier called East Pakistan. The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka. But on December 16, 1971, it became an independent country and came to be known as Bangladesh. Myanmar is on one side of it, and on three sides there are many states of India. The major language of Bangladesh is Bengali and the predominant religion is Islam. Sheikh Mujib became the first President of independent Bangladesh, but after some time he was assassinated in a conspiracy. "Amar Sonar Bangla" is the national anthem of Bangladesh by poet Rabindranath Tagore. Bangladesh is the second largest Muslim nation in the world.
  • Myanmar (Burma): To the east of India is the country of Myanmar (Burma). The capital of Myanmar is Naypyida. Burmese language is spoken here and Buddhism is the main religion. On 04 February 1948, it became an independent nation, freed from British slavery. Rice production is very high in Myanmar. This country is considered very backward economically.
  • Maldives: The Republic of Maldives is an island country located in the Indian Ocean, whose spread is in the north-south direction of the Lakshadweep island of India. It is situated in the Lakshadweep Sea. The capital of the Maldives is Male, which has a population of 103,693 (2006). The Maldives is the smallest country in Asia, both in terms of population and area.
  • Bhutan: Bhutan is another neighboring country of ours. Bhutan is a small country located in the eastern Himalayas. The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu. To the north of Bhutan is China and to the south is India. Situated in high mountains, the land here is very fertile and has dense forests. The main religion of Bhutan is Buddhism. The King of Bhutan is Jigme Singye Wangchuck. Economically Bhutan is a poor and backward country. Paddy is mainly cultivated here.
  • Nepal: Nepal is also a neighboring country of India. This country is also a backward state located in the Himalayas. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu and the main language is Nepali. To the north of Nepal is Tibet, an autonomous region of China and to the south, east and west lies India. Nepal is the largest Hindu religious nation in the world on percentage basis. The national animal of Nepal is the cow. Mount Everest, the world's highest peak, is located in Nepal. It is a big attraction for tourists.
  • Indonesia: The Republic of Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia and Oceania. The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta. Indonesia has a population of around 230 million, making it the fourth most populous country in the world and the largest Muslim population in the world. The country shares its land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Malaysia, while other neighboring countries include Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands region of India.
  • China: China is the largest neighboring country of India. China is the largest country in the world in terms of population, but it ranks third in terms of area. The capital of China is Beijing and the main language is Mandarin (Chinese). It is a republic with kastanist rule. Like India, China is also an agricultural country. Paddy, tea, tobacco, sugar etc. are the major products here. China is a powerful and developing country.

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  Last update :  Sat 11 Mar 2023
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