Andaman And Nicobar Islands History, Geography, Economy, Polity and Districts

Through this chapter, we will know the detailed and important information of Andaman And Nicobar Islands, in which important and interesting information like history, geography, economy, education, culture and world famous tourist places located in the state have been added. Apart from this, the recent developments and changes in the state of Andaman And Nicobar Islands have also been explained in detail. This chapter is full of interesting facts for the competitive aspirants as well as the readers.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands Quick General Knowledge

State NameAndaman and Nicobar Islands (अण्डमान और निकोबार द्वीपसमूह)
State LevelUnion territories
CapitalPort Blair
Statehood1 November 1956
Largest CityPort Blair
Total Area8249 sq km
Districts3
Current GovernorAdmiral Devendra Kumar Joshi (Lt. Governor) (Retd.)
State BirdAndaman Wood Pigeon
State FlowerLagerstroemia speciosa Pyinma
State AnimalDugong
State TreeAndaman redwood
LanguagesHindi, English

Andaman and Nicobar Islands (अण्डमान और निकोबार द्वीपसमूह)

Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a union territory of the Indian Republic, which is located in the Indian Ocean in the southern part of the Bay of Bengal. The capital and largest city here is Port Blair. To the east of this archipelago lies the Andaman Sea and to the west the Bay of Bengal. The union territory is made up of approximately 572 small and large islands, out of which only a few islands are inhabited. The STD code for Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 03192.

The islands were ruled by the Marathas in the 17th century. After the Marathas, it was ruled by the British rulers. It was occupied by Maratha Admiral Kanhoji Angre in the early 18th century. In 1869, the British captured the Nicobar Islands and were annexed to the Andaman Islands in 1872 to form an administrative unit. The Japanese army captured the islands in 1942 during World War II, which lasted until the end of World War I in 1945. After independence of the country from British rule in 1947, this island group became a union territory of India and its control was handed over to India. The first Western person to come here was Marco Polo, who called this place 'Land of Head Hunters'.
These islands are part of the Bay of Bengal, which is geographically located at 11 ° 41 'North and 92 ° 46' East. The area is a total of 8249 square kilometers, spread of islands, islands and rocks. The islands have coral reefs, beautiful sea coast, ruins and a variety of rare flora. There are about 572 islands here. About 86% of this island group is surrounded by forest wealth. The state bird of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 'Wood Pigeon'. The state tree of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 'Daman Padouk'. The state animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are 'Dugong'. Hooghly, Kalpong are the main rivers here.
The weather of these islands is moist, tropical coastal weather. The maximum temperature here is between 31 ° C and the minimum temperature is 23 ° C. These islands receive rainfall from the southern western and northern eastern monsoons. It receives maximum rainfall from the month of May to December. The annual average rainfall here is up to 3180.0 mm.

The government and politics of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are different from the states of India and many union territories. The Lieutenant Governor himself is the acting head of government in Andaman and Nicobar. Under his supervision, the executive branch operates under direct supervision by the heads of various departments. The state judiciary comes under the Kolkata High Court. The state government departments function at both the directorate and secretariat levels.

The current Lieutenant Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is Devendra Kumar Joshi. He was sworn in as Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands on October 2017.


According to the 2011 census, the net state domestic product of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 76883. As of 31 March 2007, 1833 small rural and handicraft units were registered in this union territory.

Major industries in Andaman and Nicobar Islands include PVC pipes and fittings, paints and varnishes, fiber glass, soft drinks and beverages, and steel furniture. Chosen stones, coral (coral) etc. are found in the mineral elements in this region. Commercial fishing is banned in the Andaman Islands.


Rice is the main crop of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Paddy is the main cash crop of Andaman while coconut and arecanut are the main cash crops of Nicobar. Various fruits like mango, sepota, orange, banana, papaya, pineapple and kandamool are also cultivated here. Pulses, oilseeds and vegetables and spices like chillies, cloves, nutmeg and cinnamon are also produced in other crops here. Rubber, red oil, palm and cashew are also grown on a limited scale on these islands. The magnificent rain forest makes Andaman a 'gold mine'.
Education in Andaman and Nicobar Islands is provided in five mediums i.e. English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and Bengali. All Senior Secondary and Secondary Schools are affiliated to CBSE. The percentage of girl students is 48.38 and that of female teachers is 56.62%.

The natural resources of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands and the surrounding seas are discussed. Rocks and minerals found on the Andaman Islands include magnetite, pyrite-chalcopyrite, chromite, gold, nickel, sulphur, coal, and limestone, but in most cases their concentrations are sub-economic.

The major industries in Andaman and Nicobar Islands include PVC pipes and fittings, paints and varnishes, fiber glass, soft drinks and beverages, and steel furniture. Chona stone, coral (coral) etc. are found in the mineral elements in this area. Commercial fishing is banned in Andaman Islands


According to the 2011 census, the population of these popular islands of the country is 380,581 and its density is 46 people per square kilometer. It has a male population of 202,871 and a female population of 177,710. The sex ratio here is 878 females against 1000 males.
There is no such distinctive dress in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. To this day there are many people of Andaman and Nicobar Islands who do not wear any dress. This is mainly due to their isolation from the civilized world. Sentinels still roam the islands naked.
People here are friendly and pleasant and do not accept money and prefer barter. There is a lot of people of Hinduism, Christianity, Islam religion here.
Here, the Andaman, Mahaandamani, Santinili and Ongan languages are spoken by the tribals. Languages spoken in other states of India such as Bengali, Hindi, English, Tamil, Malayalam, Nicobari and Telugu are also widely spoken here.
The people here are known for seafood. Other main dishes of Daman and Diu include Sea Food, Continental, South Indian, North Indian, Chinese and Mughlai.
In Andaman and Nicobar, people of all religions celebrate their -2 festivals. Special festivals of special groups include Bengali people Durgapuja, Panguni Uthiram for Tamils, Pongal for Telugu and Onam for Malayalis. Some of the special festivals here are Shivratri, Janmashtami, Holi, Deepawali, Ram Navami, Eid, Christmas, Good Friday etc. are celebrated with great reverence.
Many types of tribes reside in Andaman and Nicobar. Major tribes here include Nicobari, Ongi, Jarwa, Mahan Andamani and Shompani.
Asia's second longest and famous Radhanagar beach is located on this region. There are also many famous tourist places here, which attract tourists. Major tourist destinations here are Long Island, Neil Island, Rangat, Diglipur, Mayabandar, Little Andaman Islands, Katchal, Car Nicobar, Great Nicobar, Ramnagar Coast, Gandhi Park, Karpaga Vinegar Temple, Mahatma Gandhi National Park, Chidiya Tapu, Sippighat Farms, Kolinpur, Mini Chidiyapur, Little Nicobar Wildlife Sanctuary, Landfall Island Wildlife Sanctuary, Mount Harriet, Karamtang Coast, and Madhuban are quite famous.

There are a total of 03 districts in Andaman and Nicobar, North and Central Andaman is the largest district of this archipelago, with an area of 3,227 sq km. Is and the population is 1,05,597.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands have the following 03 districts: - South Andaman, North and Central Andaman, Nicobar


Andaman and Nicobar Islands FAQs:

𝒜. Andaman and Nicobar Islands state got statehood on 1 November 1956.

𝒜. The capital of Andaman and Nicobar Islands state is Port Blair.

𝒜. The state bird name is Andaman Wood Pigeon and the state animal name is Dugong of Andaman and Nicobar Islands state.

𝒜. The name of state flower is Lagerstroemia speciosa Pyinma and the state tree is Andaman redwood of Andaman and Nicobar Islands state.

  Last update :  2022-06-28 11:44:49
  Post Views :  1358
  Post Category :  Indian Union Territories

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