Through this chapter, we will know the detailed and important information of Chandigarh, in which important and interesting information like history, geography, economy, education, culture and world famous tourist places located in the state have been added. Apart from this, the recent developments and changes in the state of Chandigarh have also been explained in detail. This chapter is full of interesting facts for the competitive aspirants as well as the readers.
Quick General Knowledge
|State Level||Union territories|
|Statehood||1 November 1966|
|Total Area||114 sq km|
|Current Governor||Banwarilal Purohit (Administrator)|
|State Bird||Indian grey hornbill|
|State Animal||Indian Gray Weasel|
|State Tree||Mango Tree|
|Languages||Hindi, Punjabi, English|
|State Dance||Giddha Dance|
Chandigarh is a Union Territory of the Republic of India and one of the major cities of North India. Chandigarh borders with 03 Indian states Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. Chandigarh is the joint capital of two Indian states Punjab and Haryana. Chandigarh is the first planned city of the country. It was planned by the French architect Le Corbusier. Asia's largest Rose Garden, named "Zakir Hussain Rose Garden", is located in Chandigarh.
The Chandigarh Administration is functioning under an Administrator appointed under Section 239 of the Constitution. The head of the administration is the Governor, who is known as the Administrator and is appointed by the President. They have the highest executive powers. Its administration comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs of India. The Union Territory has its own parliamentary constituency which includes the whole of Chandigarh. There is also a Legislative Assembly of both the states of Punjab and Haryana.
The major political parties in Chandigarh include the Indian National Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party.
The present Administrator of Chandigarh बनवारीलाल पुरोहित (प्रशासक). He has been sworn in as the Governor (Administrator) of Chandigarh on 21 August 2021.
Chandigarh is known as the base of 3 different types of governments. There are about 15 medium to large industries and public enterprises here. There are about 2500 small scale industrial units here. The tourism sector of the state is also very rich and it is very popular among Indians and foreigners. Chandigarh tops the list of Union Territories due to having the highest per capita income as compared to other union territories of India.
Major industries in Chandigarh mainly include manufacturing of paper, sanitary ware, machine tools, basic metals, auto parts, pharmaceuticals and electrical appliances. There are also many industries related to food products here.
Chandigarh is inhabited by people of different religions, among whom Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and Christian are prominent. It has the largest population of people of Hindu religion and Sikh religion is second in number. Chandigarh is very progressive and around 90% of its area is developed. This union territory is known for its folk dances and music. Most of the customs and traditions here are associated with Punjabi culture and Hindu, Sikh and Muslim culture. Famous folk dances here include Bhangra, Gidda, Julie, Sammi and Tiyan.
Traditional costumes of Chandigarh mainly include kurta salwar, patiala suit, ghaghara, choli, lehenga, which is the first to go by women. Here most of the men can be seen wearing shirt (shirt) and jeans etc. Warm socks, sweaters, jackets and shawls are mainly used for winter.
The capital of Chandigarh is Chandigarh.
The current Lt. Governor/Administrator of Chandigarh is Banwarilal Purohit (Administrator).
Giddha Dance is the main folk dance of Chandigarh.
The official language of Chandigarh is Hindi, Punjabi, English.
The state animal of Chandigarh is Indian Gray Weasel and the state bird is Indian grey hornbill.
Chandigarh has a state flower palash and a state tree Mango Tree.
Chandigarh is spread over an area of 114 sq km with the total of districts.
Chandigarh was established on 1 November 1966, after which Chandigarh got the status of Union Territory of India.