Delhi History, Geography, Economy, Polity and Districts

Through this chapter, we will know the detailed and important information of Delhi, in which important and interesting information like history, geography, economy, education, culture and world famous tourist places located in the state have been added. Apart from this, the recent developments and changes in the state of Delhi have also been explained in detail. This chapter is full of interesting facts for the competitive aspirants as well as the readers.

Delhi Quick General Knowledge

State NameDelhi (दिल्ली)
State LevelUnion territories
CapitalNew Delhi
Statehood1 November 1966
Total Area1484 sq km
Districts11
Current Chief MinisterArvind Kejriwal
Current GovernorAnil Baijal (Lt. Governor)
State BirdHouse sparrow
State FlowerAlfalfa Medicago sativa
State AnimalBlue cow
State TreeNot yet designated
LanguagesHindi, English

Delhi (दिल्ली)

Delhi (officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi) is a union territory and metropolis of the country on the banks of the Yamuna River. It includes New Delhi, which is the capital of the country. This state is bordered by Haryana in the north, south and west and Uttar Pradesh in the east. The total area of ​​Delhi is 1,483 square kilometers. Delhi is also counted among the richest cities in the country in terms of average per capita income. Jama Masjid, built in the year 1656 in Delhi, is the largest mosque in India.

The history of Delhi is mentioned in the epic Mahabharata. In ancient times Delhi was known as Indraprastha. Delhi has been ruled by several dynasties in which the Mauryas, Guptas, Palas, Pallavas and Guptas etc. were prominent. After that, the Turks and Afghans ruled Delhi from the thirteenth to the fifteenth century and most recently in the 16th century by the Mughal rulers. Delhi was ruled by British rule from the mid-18th century. The year 1911 changed the capital of India from Kolkata to Delhi, so now the city became the center of all major activities. After independence in 1947, Delhi was accepted as the capital of India. In 1956 it received the status of a union territory. The Legislative Assembly was constituted in Delhi by the 69th Amendment (1991) of the Constitution. This Union Territory was renamed as 'National Capital Territory of Delhi' with effect from 01 February 1992.
The Aravalli hills are to the south-west of Delhi and the Yamuna River to the east. The highest place in Delhi is Bhati village, whose height is 322 meters above sea level. The area near Mehrauli and Tughlakabad in the south of this region is called Kohi or Pahari. The bank of the banks of the Yamuna is known as Bangar. From the geological point of view, the rocks of Delhi are of Middle Proterozoic and Abhinav period. It is part of the Delhi process and the Alwar series. The state bird of Delhi is 'Sparrow'. The state animal of Delhi is 'Nilgai'.
The climate of Delhi is tropical plains. The temperature varies from 30 ° C in summer to 44 ° C in June. The temperature here ranges from 7 ° C in winter to 18 ° C in June. The monsoon season lasts from June to October. Average annual rainfall here is 71.5 mm. Happens till then.

Prior to January 1997, Delhi was only a district, but currently there are 11 districts and 27 subdivisions / tehsils. Delhi has a strength of 70 members, 07 members of the Lok Sabha and 03 members of the Rajya Sabha. The Government of Delhi is the supreme Comptroller and Administration authority of the National Capital Territory of India, Delhi. It has an executive branch, headed by the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, as a judiciary with the Delhi High Court and a legislature, which sits in the Legislative Assembly. Delhi is divided into three legislative branches - New Delhi Municipality, Municipal Corporation of Delhi and Delhi Cantonment Board. The Supreme Court of India, the Supreme Court is also located in Delhi.

The current Chief Minister of Delhi is Arvind Kejriwal. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister on February 2015.

The current Deputy Governor of Delhi (Administrator) is Anil Baijal, he was sworn in as the 21st Deputy Governor of Delhi on 31 December 2016.


Delhi, the capital of the country, is the largest commercial center in the whole of North India and is also the largest center for small-scale industries. The engineering, IT, textile and chemical industries here contribute significantly to the country's economy, most of the industries are located in the west, south and south-east. The most important industry sector of Delhi is the services sector, which contributes a lot to the gross domestic product of the state. Delhi has been a favorite destination for foreign investors since the year 1990.

The major crops here are wheat, millet, jowar, gram and maize, but now farmers are giving more importance to fruits and vegetables, milk production, poultry, floriculture than cereal crops.

Various types of goods are manufactured in Delhi, the main industries here are television, tapeboarders, engineering, accessories, machines, motor vehicle parts, sports goods, bicycles, PVC. Items made from footwear, footwear, textiles, fertilizers, medicines, leather goods, software, etc. are prominent.


According to the 2011 census, the literacy rate of Delhi is 86.21%. There are more than 160 colleges and some prestigious universities of the country, in which Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi University, Jamia Millia University etc. are prominent. Apart from these, there are also a large number of private and government schools which provide education to more than 20 lakh students.
Various types of goods are manufactured in Delhi, the main industries here include television, tape recorders, engineering, furnishings, machines, parts of motor vehicles, sports goods, bicycles, PVC. Products made from it, footwear, clothing, fertilizers, medicines, leather goods, software etc. are prominent.
According to the 2011 census, Delhi has a population of 1,67,87,941. It has a population of 8,987,326 males and 7,800,615 females. Delhi ranks second among all metros in terms of population. The sex ratio here is 866 females per 1000 males. The population density here is 11,297 persons per square km.
People from different states of the country reside in Delhi, so you will get to see different types of clothes here. People of Delhi mainly wear men's pants-kameez, T-shirt, kurta-pyjama, jeans etc. in summer and women wear salwar or chunaridar kameez-dupatta, salwar-kameez and salwar-suit etc. In winter, the people here use the same clothes like socks, sweaters, jackets and shawls etc.

Due to people coming from different provinces and classes, the culture traditions, garb, faith, etc. of Delhi are all different. There are many markets for different types of handicrafts and arts of handicrafts including Pragati Maidan, The main ones are Delhi, Delhi Haat, Hauz Khas, Rohini Haat. The annual book fair is held at Pragati Maidan. It is the second largest book fair in the world, which is attended by 23 nations of the world. About 1200 heritage sites in the city of Delhi have been declared by the Archaeological Survey of India, and 175 of these sites have been declared as National Heritage Sites. There are many government offices, government houses, and remnants and buildings of the British era. Among the most important buildings of Delhi are Rashtrapati Bhavan, Central Secretariat, Rajpath, Parliament House and Vijay Chowk etc.

People from different states of the country reside in Delhi, so you will get to see different types of attire here. The people of Delhi mainly wear men's pant-kameez, T-shirt, kurta-pajama, jeans etc. in summer and women wear salwar or selective shirt-dupatta, salwar-kameez and salwar-suit etc. In winter, people here use woolen clothes like socks, sweaters, jackets and shawls.


The main language here is Hindi, because Hindi language is used by most of the population. Other main languages spoken here are: Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu and English.
The highly mixed population of Delhi gives a glimpse of the catering of various parts of India. Punjabi and Mughlai Khan Paan like kebabs and biryani are famous in many parts of Delhi. Other main dishes here are Rajasthani, Maharashtrian, Bengali, Hyderabadi food and South Indian food items like idli, sambar, dosa etc. are found in abundance.
Delhi is the metropolis of the country, so here people of all religions (Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and Christians) in Delhi celebrate their -2 festivals with great pomp. Religious festivals here include Diwali, Holi, Dussehra, Durga Puja, Mahavir Jayanti, Guru Parab, Christmas, Mahashivratri, Eid ul Fitr, Buddha Jayanti Lohri Pongal and Odam etc. Many national festivals like: Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti are celebrated with great enthusiasm. Delhi also hosts some annual festivals, which include Roshanara Festival, Shalimar Festival, Qutub Mela, Winter Fair, Garden Tourism Fair, Jahane-Khusro Festival and Mango Festival etc.
Surprisingly there are many nomadic communities in the capital – Bavaria, Sansi, Bhedkut, Gadia Lohar, Banjara, Rai Sikh, Sapera, Singhi, Baheliya, Kalandar, Nat, Kanjar, Ode and Perna.
Delhi is world famous due to its historic buildings, beautiful gardens and gardens. This union territory is a very popular tourist destination. Other major tourist places here are Lal Qila, Jama Masjid, Qutub Minar, India Gate, Humayun's Tomb, Lotus Temple, Rashtrapati Bhavan, Mughal Garden, Parliament House, Chandni Chowk, Rajghat, Shantivan, Vijayghat, Shakti Sthal, Purana Quila ( Indraprastha), Safdarganj's Tomb, Jantar-Mantar, Birla Temple, Vigyan Bhawan, Zoo, National Museum, Connaught Place, Buddha Jayanti Park, Rabindra Rangshala and Nehru Memorial are very famous.
There are a total of 11 districts in Delhi. According to the 2011 census, the largest district of Delhi is North West Delhi on the basis of population. Delhi has following 11 districts: North West Delhi, North East Delhi, North Delhi, South Delhi, South West Delhi, South East Delhi, New Delhi, West Delhi, East Delhi, Shahdara and Central Delhi etc.

Delhi FAQs:

𝒜. Delhi state got statehood on 1 November 1966.

𝒜. The capital of Delhi state is New Delhi.

𝒜. The state bird name is House sparrow and the state animal name is Blue cow of Delhi state.

𝒜. The current chief minster is Arvind Kejriwal and the governor is Anil Baijal (Lt. Governor) of Delhi state.

𝒜. The name of state flower is Alfalfa Medicago sativa and the state tree is Not yet designated of Delhi state.

  Last update :  2022-06-28 11:44:49
  Post Views :  2265
  Post Category :  Indian Union Territories

🙏 If you liked it, share with friends.