Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography and Interesting Facts

✅ Published on January 16th, 2021 in Biography

Through this post, we will know important and interesting facts related to Chandra Shekhar Azad (चंद्रशेखर आजाद) such as his personal information, education and career, achievement and awards and other information. Important facts related to Chandra Shekhar Azad given here, have been collected from various sources, this will help you in preparing for competitive exams questions.

Brief information about Chandra Shekhar Azad

NameChandra Shekhar Azad (चंद्रशेखर आजाद)
Full NamePandit Chandrashekhar Tiwari
Date of Birth23 July 1906
Birth PlaceTribal Village Bhavra, Madhya Pradesh (India)
Death Aniversary27 February 1931
Mother & Father NameJagrani Devi / Sitaram Tiwari
Achievement1928 - Leading Leader of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
Profession / Countrymale / Freedom Fighter / India

Chandra Shekhar Azad (चंद्रशेखर आजाद)

Chandrasekhar Azad was a famous revolutionary of the Indian freedom struggle. Chandrashekhar Azad joined the revolutionary party "Hindustan Republican Association" at the age of 17 and was named "Quick Silver" (HG) in the party. He played an important role in securing independence for India.

Birth info about Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandrashekhar Azad was born on 23 July 1906 in the tribal village of Bhavra, Madhya Pradesh (India). His full name was Pandit Chandrasekhar Tiwari. His parents were Jagarani Devi and Sitaram Tiwari.

Death info about Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandrashekhar Azad died on February 27, 1931, after being shot at Alfred Park in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Career Info

Chandrashekhar Azad first came in contact with Manmathnath Gupta and Pravesh Chatterjee and became a member of the revolutionary party. That group of revolutionaries was known as "Hindustan Prajatantra Sangha". In 922, his ideology changed due to the sudden discontinuation of the non-cooperation movement by Gandhiji and he became an active member of the Hindustan Republican Association by joining revolutionary activities. And later, he should also become Commander-in-Chief in this party.

Chandrasekhar Azad was the brain behind the Kakori scandal in 1925 with Ramprasad Bismil. Azad spent 10 years of his life absconding. At one time Chandrashekhar Azad lived as a monk in a cave 8 feet deep and 4 feet wide near Jhansi. Azad wanted that not a single picture of him would be put in the hands of the British, but this was not possible. Despite being a member of the Congress, Motilal Nehru regularly gave money in support of Azad. The Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) was formed in 1923 by Bismil, Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee, Sachindra Nath Sanyal Shachindra Nath Bakshi, and Ashfaqulla Khan. After the Kakori train robbery in 1925, the British ceased revolutionary activities. Prasad, Ashfaqulla Khan, Thakur Roshan Singh, and Rajendra Nath Lahiri were sentenced to death for their involvement.

Azad, Keshab Chakraborty, and Murari Sharma took over. Chandra Shekhar Azad later reconstituted the HRA with the help of revolutionaries like Shea Verma and Mahavir Singh. Azad and Bhagat Singh secretly reorganized the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) on 9 September 1928 as Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) to achieve their primary objective of an independent India based on social principles. The insights of his revolutionary activities have been described in many of his writings by fellow members of HSRA, Manmath Nath Gupta. Gupta has also written his biography titled "Chandrashekhar Azad" and in his book History of the Indian Revolutionary Movement (English edition: 1972) he gave an in-depth insight into the activities of Azad and the ideology of Azad and HSRA.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Other Info

His mother wanted his son to be a great Sanskrit scholar and persuaded his father to send him to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Benares to study. In 1921, when the non-cooperation movement was at its peak, 15-year-old student Chandra Shekhar joined. As a result, he was arrested on 20 December. Appearing before a magistrate a week later, he described his name as "Azad" (The Free), his father's name as "Swatantra" (independence) and "Jail". From the same day he came to be known among the people as Chandra Shekhar Azad. His mother wanted his son to be a great Sanskrit scholar and persuaded his father to send him to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras to study. In 1921, when the non-cooperation movement was at its peak, 15-year-old student Chandra Shekhar joined. As a result, he was arrested on 20 December. Appearing before a magistrate a week later, he described his name as "Azad" (The Free), his father's name as "Swatantra" (independence) and "Jail". From the same day he came to be known as Chandra Shekhar Azad among the people.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Awards and Honors

Alfred Park (officially Prayagraj) in Allahabad, where Azad died, was renamed Chandrasekhar Azad Park. Many schools, colleges, roads and other public institutions across India are also named after him. Starting with Manoj Kumar's 1965 film Shaheed, he played the role of Azad in many films. Manmohan played Azad in the 1965 film, Sunny Deol played Azad in the film on 23 March 1931: Shaheed, Azad was portrayed by Akhilendra Mishra in The Legend of Bhagat Singh and in Shaheed-e-Azam. Raj Jhansi played the character of Azad.

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