Through this chapter, we will know important and interesting facts related to Chandra Shekhar Azad such as his personal information, education and career, achievements and honored awards and many more. Important facts related to Chandra Shekhar Azad given in this topic have been collected, which will help you in preparing for competitive exams.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Quick General Knowledge

NameChandra Shekhar Azad (Chandra Shekhar Azad)
Real namePandit Chandrashekhar Tiwari
Date of Birth23 July 1906
Birth PlaceTribal Village Bhavra, Madhya Pradesh (India)
Date of death27 February 1931
Monther & Father NameJagrani Devi / Sitaram Tiwari
Achievement1928 - Leading Leader of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
Profession / Countrymale / Freedom Fighter / India

Chandra Shekhar Azad - Leading Leader of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (1928)

Chandrasekhar Azad was a famous revolutionary of the Indian freedom struggle. Chandrashekhar Azad joined the revolutionary party "Hindustan Republican Association" at the age of 17 and was named "Quick Silver" (HG) in the party. He played an important role in securing independence for India.

Chandrashekhar Azad was born on 23 July 1906 in the tribal village of Bhavra, Madhya Pradesh (India). His full name was Pandit Chandrasekhar Tiwari. His parents were Jagarani Devi and Sitaram Tiwari.
Chandrashekhar Azad died on February 27, 1931, after being shot at Alfred Park in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Chandrashekhar Azad first came in contact with Manmathnath Gupta and Pravesh Chatterjee and became a member of the revolutionary party. That group of revolutionaries was known as "Hindustan Prajatantra Sangha". In 922, his ideology changed due to the sudden discontinuation of the non-cooperation movement by Gandhiji and he became an active member of the Hindustan Republican Association by joining revolutionary activities. And later, he should also become Commander-in-Chief in this party.

Chandrasekhar Azad was the brain behind the Kakori scandal in 1925 with Ramprasad Bismil. Azad spent 10 years of his life absconding. At one time Chandrashekhar Azad lived as a monk in a cave 8 feet deep and 4 feet wide near Jhansi. Azad wanted that not a single picture of him would be put in the hands of the British, but this was not possible. Despite being a member of the Congress, Motilal Nehru regularly gave money in support of Azad. The Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) was formed in 1923 by Bismil, Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee, Sachindra Nath Sanyal Shachindra Nath Bakshi, and Ashfaqulla Khan. After the Kakori train robbery in 1925, the British ceased revolutionary activities. Prasad, Ashfaqulla Khan, Thakur Roshan Singh, and Rajendra Nath Lahiri were sentenced to death for their involvement.

Azad, Keshab Chakraborty, and Murari Sharma took over. Chandra Shekhar Azad later reconstituted the HRA with the help of revolutionaries like Shea Verma and Mahavir Singh. Azad and Bhagat Singh secretly reorganized the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) on 9 September 1928 as Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) to achieve their primary objective of an independent India based on social principles. The insights of his revolutionary activities have been described in many of his writings by fellow members of HSRA, Manmath Nath Gupta. Gupta has also written his biography titled "Chandrashekhar Azad" and in his book History of the Indian Revolutionary Movement (English edition: 1972) he gave an in-depth insight into the activities of Azad and the ideology of Azad and HSRA.


His mother wanted his son to be a great Sanskrit scholar and persuaded his father to send him to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Benares to study. In 1921, when the non-cooperation movement was at its peak, 15-year-old student Chandra Shekhar joined. As a result, he was arrested on 20 December. Appearing before a magistrate a week later, he described his name as "Azad" (The Free), his father's name as "Swatantra" (independence) and "Jail". From the same day he came to be known among the people as Chandra Shekhar Azad. His mother wanted his son to be a great Sanskrit scholar and persuaded his father to send him to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras to study. In 1921, when the non-cooperation movement was at its peak, 15-year-old student Chandra Shekhar joined. As a result, he was arrested on 20 December. Appearing before a magistrate a week later, he described his name as "Azad" (The Free), his father's name as "Swatantra" (independence) and "Jail". From the same day he came to be known as Chandra Shekhar Azad among the people.
Alfred Park (officially Prayagraj) in Allahabad, where Azad died, was renamed Chandrasekhar Azad Park. Many schools, colleges, roads and other public institutions across India are also named after him. Starting with Manoj Kumar's 1965 film Shaheed, he played the role of Azad in many films. Manmohan played Azad in the 1965 film, Sunny Deol played Azad in the film on 23 March 1931: Shaheed, Azad was portrayed by Akhilendra Mishra in The Legend of Bhagat Singh and in Shaheed-e-Azam. Raj Jhansi played the character of Azad.

Chandra Shekhar Azad FAQs:

Chandra Shekhar Azad is to be known as the Leading Leader of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association in 1928.

Chandra Shekhar Azad full name was Pandit Chandrashekhar Tiwari.

Chandra Shekhar Azad died on 27 February 1931.

Chandra Shekhar Azad father name was Sitaram Tiwari.

Chandra Shekhar Azad mother name was Jagrani Devi.

  Last update :  Tue 28 Jun 2022
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