Through this chapter, we will know important and interesting facts related to Madan Mohan Malaviya such as his personal information, education and career, achievements and honored awards and many more. Important facts related to Madan Mohan Malaviya given in this topic have been collected, which will help you in preparing for competitive exams.

Madan Mohan Malaviya Quick General Knowledge

NameMadan Mohan Malaviya (Madan Mohan Malaviya)
NicknameMahamana
Date of Birth25 December 1861
Birth PlaceAllahabad, Uttar Pradesh (India)
Date of death12 November 1946
Monther & Father NameBhunadevi / Brajnath
Achievement1916 - Founder of Banaras Hindu University (BHU)
Profession / Countrymale / Education reformer, politician / India

Madan Mohan Malaviya - Founder of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) (1916)

Madan Mohan Malaviya was not only a great freedom fighter, politician and educationist, but also a big social reformer. According to the historian VC Sahu, the supporters of Hindu nationalism Madan Mohan Malaviya wanted to break caste fetters from the country. Malaviya ji was more famous in truth, celibacy, exercise, patriotism and self-sacrifice.

Madan Mohan Malaviya was born on 25 December 1861 in Allahabad Uttar Pradesh (India). His entire Highness was Madan Mohan Malaviya. His father's name was Brajnath and mother's name was Bhunadevi. He was a learned scholar of Sanskrit language and earned his livelihood by narrating the story of Srimad Bhagwat. His parents had seven children and were the fifth son of his parents.
Madan Mohan Malaviya died on 12 November 1946 (age 85 years) in Benaras, British India.

Malaviya was traditionally educated in two Sanskrit schools and later continued education in an English school. Malaviya started his schooling at Hardev's Dharma Gyanopadesh Pathshala, where he completed his primary education and later another school run by Vidha Vardini Sabha. He then took admission in Allahabad District School (Allahabad District School), where he started writing poems under the pen name Makarand, which were published in magazines and periodicals.

Malaviya matriculated from Muir Central College in 1879, now known as Allahabad University. The Principal of Harrison College provided a monthly scholarship to Malaviya, whose family had faced financial difficulties, and after which he had completed B.B. a. Degree from Calcutta University. Although he wanted to do MA in Sanskrit, his family circumstances did not allow this and his father wanted him to pursue his family profession of Bhagwat text. In 1891, Malaviya completed his LL.B.

From Allahabad University and started practice in Allahabad District Court and then in High Court from 1893. He soon earned great respect as one of the most talented lawyers of the Allahabad High Court. He abandoned his legal practice when he was on his 50th birthday in 1911 so that he could serve the country thereafter.


In July 1884, Madan Mohan Malaviya started his career as an Assistant Master at Government High School, Allahabad. In December 1886, Malaviya joined the second Indian National Congress session in Calcutta under the chairmanship of Dadabhai Naoroji, where he spoke on the issue of representation in councils. His address influenced not only Dadabhai but also Raja Rampal Singh, the ruler of the Kalankar Estate near Allahabad, who started Hindustan, a Hindi weekly, but was looking for a suitable editor to turn it into a daily. Thus in July 1887, he quit his school job and joined as editor of Nationalist Weekly, he stayed here for two and a half years and left for Allahabad to join LLB, it was here that he was coordinated Was. - The editorial was offered by the Indian Opinion, an English daily. After completing his law degree, he started practicing law in the District Court of Allahabad in 1891 and moved to the Allahabad High Court by December 1893. Malviya became the President of the Indian National Congress in 1909 and 1918. He was a moderate leader and opposed the separate electorate for Muslims under the 1916 Lucknow Accord. He was conferred the title of "Mahamana" by Rabindranath Tagore.

He renounced his prevalent law of law in 1911 to capitalize on his resolve to serve the purpose of education and social service. To follow the tradition of renunciation throughout his life, he pledged to live on the support of society. But when 177 freedom fighters were hanged in the Chauri-Chaura case, he appeared in court despite his pledge and acquitted 156 freedom fighters. He remained a member of the Imperial Legislative Council from 1912 and remained a member until 1926 when it was converted into the Central Legislative Assembly in 1919. Malaviya was an important figure in the non-cooperation movement. However, he was opposed to the Khilafat politics and Congress's participation in the Khilafat movement. In 1928 he joined Lala Lajpat Rai, Jawaharlal Nehru, and many others in opposition to the Simon Commission, which the British had set up to consider the future of India. As the "Buy British" campaign was going on in England, he urged concentration on 30 May 1932 in a manifesto on the "Buy Indian" movement in India. Malaviya was a delegate to the Second Round Table Conference in 1931. On 25 September 1932, an agreement was signed between Dr. Ambedkar (on behalf of the suppressed classes among Hindus) and Malaviya (on behalf of other Hindus) as Poona Pact. In protest against the communal award, which sought to provide separate constituencies for minorities, Malaviya left the Congress along with Madhav Srihari Anni and started the Congress Nationalist Party.

The Congress Nationalist Party contested 1934 elections for the central legislature and won 12 seats. In April 1911, Annie met Besant Malviya and decided to work for a general Hindu university in Varanasi. The Besant and fellow trustees of the Central Hindu College, which he founded in 1898, also agreed to the government of India on the condition that the college should become part of the new university. Thus the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) was established in 1916 through a parliamentary legislation called "B.H.U. Act 1915", and today it remains a premier institution of learning in India.


The slogan of "Satyamev Jayate" (Truth Alone Victory) is also a legacy given to the nation by Pandit Malviya in his session of 1918 in Delhi as the President of the Indian National Congress.The tradition of aarti in the holy Ganges River at Har Ki Pauri Haridwar Started which is played till date. Malaviya Dwipa, a small island in the Ghat, is named after him. The Indian Post issued a stamp in his honor in 1961 and 2011 to commemorate the 100th and 150th birth anniversaries respectively.

Malviya Nagar in Allahabad, Lucknow, Delhi, Dehradun, Bhopal, Durg and Jaipur are named after him. A square in the main city in Jabalpur is named after him and is called Malviya Chowk. The National Institute of Technology (MNIT) in Jaipur is named after him, as is Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology in Gorakhpur, UP. IIT Kharagpur, IIT Roorkee Saharanpur Campus and hostels of BITS Pilani, Pilani and Hyderabad campuses have also been named after him as Malaviya Bhavan.

In his memory, Shrigoud Vidya Mandir, Indore celebrates his birth anniversary as Mahamana Day every 25 December. He has also announced a fellowship program for poor Sanatan Vipra boys on this day. On 25th December 2008, on his birth anniversary, the National Memorial of Mahamana Madan Mohan Malaviya, "Malaviya Smriti Bhavan" was inaugurated by the then President of India A.K. P.J. Was done by Abdul Kalam at 53, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Marg, Delhi. On 24 December 2014, Madan Mohan Malaviya was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor.


Madan Mohan Malaviya FAQs:

Madan Mohan Malaviya is to be known as the Founder of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in 1916.

Madan Mohan Malaviya died on 12 November 1946.

Madan Mohan Malaviya father name was Brajnath.

Madan Mohan Malaviya mother name was Bhunadevi.

Madan Mohan Malaviya is known as Mahamana nickname.

  Last update :  Tue 28 Jun 2022
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