In July 1884, Madan Mohan Malaviya started his career as an Assistant Master at Government High School, Allahabad. In December 1886, Malaviya joined the second Indian National Congress session in Calcutta under the chairmanship of Dadabhai Naoroji, where he spoke on the issue of representation in councils. His address influenced not only Dadabhai but also Raja Rampal Singh, the ruler of the Kalankar Estate near Allahabad, who started Hindustan, a Hindi weekly, but was looking for a suitable editor to turn it into a daily. Thus in July 1887, he quit his school job and joined as editor of Nationalist Weekly, he stayed here for two and a half years and left for Allahabad to join LLB, it was here that he was coordinated Was. - The editorial was offered by the Indian Opinion, an English daily. After completing his law degree, he started practicing law in the District Court of Allahabad in 1891 and moved to the Allahabad High Court by December 1893. Malviya became the President of the Indian National Congress in 1909 and 1918. He was a moderate leader and opposed the separate electorate for Muslims under the 1916 Lucknow Accord. He was conferred the title of "Mahamana" by Rabindranath Tagore.
He renounced his prevalent law of law in 1911 to capitalize on his resolve to serve the purpose of education and social service. To follow the tradition of renunciation throughout his life, he pledged to live on the support of society. But when 177 freedom fighters were hanged in the Chauri-Chaura case, he appeared in court despite his pledge and acquitted 156 freedom fighters. He remained a member of the Imperial Legislative Council from 1912 and remained a member until 1926 when it was converted into the Central Legislative Assembly in 1919. Malaviya was an important figure in the non-cooperation movement. However, he was opposed to the Khilafat politics and Congress's participation in the Khilafat movement. In 1928 he joined Lala Lajpat Rai, Jawaharlal Nehru, and many others in opposition to the Simon Commission, which the British had set up to consider the future of India. As the "Buy British" campaign was going on in England, he urged concentration on 30 May 1932 in a manifesto on the "Buy Indian" movement in India. Malaviya was a delegate to the Second Round Table Conference in 1931. On 25 September 1932, an agreement was signed between Dr. Ambedkar (on behalf of the suppressed classes among Hindus) and Malaviya (on behalf of other Hindus) as Poona Pact. In protest against the communal award, which sought to provide separate constituencies for minorities, Malaviya left the Congress along with Madhav Srihari Anni and started the Congress Nationalist Party.
The Congress Nationalist Party contested 1934 elections for the central legislature and won 12 seats. In April 1911, Annie met Besant Malviya and decided to work for a general Hindu university in Varanasi. The Besant and fellow trustees of the Central Hindu College, which he founded in 1898, also agreed to the government of India on the condition that the college should become part of the new university. Thus the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) was established in 1916 through a parliamentary legislation called "B.H.U. Act 1915", and today it remains a premier institution of learning in India.