Through this chapter, we will know important and interesting facts related to Surendranath Banerjee such as his personal information, education and career, achievements and honored awards and many more. Important facts related to Surendranath Banerjee given in this topic have been collected, which will help you in preparing for competitive exams.

Surendranath Banerjee Quick General Knowledge

NameSurendranath Banerjee (Surendranath Banerjee)
NicknameRastrguru
Date of Birth10 November 1848
Birth PlaceCalcutta, India
Date of death06 August 1925
Father Name Durga Charan Banerjee
Achievement1876 - Founder of Indian Liberation Federation and Indian National Association
Profession / Countrymale / political leader / India

Surendranath Banerjee - Founder of Indian Liberation Federation and Indian National Association (1876)

Surendranath Banerjee was a famous freedom fighter. He was one of the early Indian political leaders during the British Raj. He established the Indian National Committee, one of the early Indian political organizations, and later became a senior leader of the Indian National Congress.

Surendranath Banerjee was born on November 10, 1848 in Calcutta, India to a Bengali Brahmin family. His father's name was Durga Charan Banerjee and his mother's name was Durga Charan Banerjee. His father was a doctor.
Surendranath Banerjee did not agree with the non-cooperation movement started in 1920 AD. As a result, despite his significant legal achievements in the field of local self-government, he could not get the support of the countrymen as before. He was defeated in the election of 1923 and subsequently remained away from public life till his death on 6 August 1925.
Surendranath Banerjee studied at the parent academic institute and Hindu college. After graduating from the University of Calcutta, he went to England in 1868 to complete the Indian Civil Service examinations.

After returning to India in June 1875, he became a professor of English at the Metropolitan Institution, Free Church Institution and Ripon College, which he founded in 1882. He founded the "National Committee of India" on 26 July 1876 in association with Anandmohan Bose. He also started a newspaper called "The Bengali" in the year 1879. He presided over the eleventh session of the Indian National Congress held in Poona in 1895 and in Ahmedabad in 1902.

In 1913, he was elected a member of the Bengal Legislative Council and the Imperial Legislative Council. On the basis of the Montague Chelmsford Report, when the Government of India Act of 1919 was passed, Surendranath Banerjee accepted it on the basis that the demand which the Congress was making in its early days was met to a great extent by this act, But the Congress itself rejected it. In 1921, the English government gave him the title of "Sir". He was a minister in the Government of Bengal in 1921–23 AD. The Indian National Movement, which was started by Surendranath Banerjee in 1876 AD, was very developed by this time, and the demands for making law for the country and giving more share in the administration of the country for which Surendranath Banerjee has been for more than fifty years. Had struggled for a long time, the countrymen were no longer satisfied with the fulfillment of those demands. They were now demanding independence, which was beyond Surendranath's clamor. At the time of his death, he was not counted among the popular leaders of the country, but there is no doubt that he was one of the makers of modern Indian nationality, of which independent India is a gift.


Surendranath Banerjee, also known as Rashtraguru (teacher of the nation), was awarded to him as a title. His name is recalled by the following institutions: Barrackpore Rastraguru Surendranath College, Raiganj Surendranath College, Surendranath College, Surendranath College for Women, Surendranath Evening College, Surendranath Law College (formerly Ripon College) and Surendranath Centenary College.

Surendranath Banerjee FAQs:

Surendranath Banerjee is to be known as the Founder of Indian Liberation Federation and Indian National Association in 1876.

Surendranath Banerjee died on 06 August 1925.

Surendranath Banerjee father name was Durga Charan Banerjee.

Surendranath Banerjee is known as Rastrguru nickname.

  Last update :  Tue 28 Jun 2022
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