The Indian Railways, the world's fourth largest railway network, has long had poor railway infrastructure, which has been the cause of rail accidents over the years. More than 1.25 crore people use it every day in Indian Railways. According to an estimate, an average of 300 minor and major rail accidents take place in the country every year. According to railway statistics, there have been 586 train accidents in the last 5 years.
There were 131 train accidents in India in 2014-15 and 168 people died in it. In the year 2013-14, there were 117 train accidents in which 103 people were killed. In the year 2014-2015, 60% of rail accidents were due to derailment of trains. About 53% of these accidents are due to derailment of the train.
Causes of train accident in India:
After all, why do trains derail in India, due to which the following are two main reasons:-
Most of the rail accidents in India are caused by damage to the tracks and derailment of trains due to overcrowding. After some trains pass through, the cracks in the rail line(s) turn into fractures, due to which the trains derail and cause huge loss of life and property.
Negligence of railway employees is the main cause of railway accidents and deaths. Human errors have been found to be responsible in most of the train accidents. Many a times, Railway employees do not pay heed to the shortcuts or do not follow the safety rules and guidelines, which has resulted in disastrous consequences. Meanwhile, equipment failure, wear and tear, overcrowding of coaches, old coaches and many accidental factors lead to such train accidents.
Let us know about the biggest train accidents of the country, in which thousands of people have lost their lives so far:-
List of biggest train accidents in Indian history:
Date of accident
Location of the accident and related information
19 August 2017
The Kalinga Utkal Express running between Haridwar and Puri met with an accident near Khatauli in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh. In this accident, 14 bogies of the train derailed, due to which 21 passengers died, while 97 others were injured.
30 March 2017
Mahakumbh Express derailed near Kulpahar station in Mahoba district of Uttar Pradesh. About 52 people were injured in this accident.
20 February 2017
Kalindi Express coming from Kanpur derailed after colliding with goods train. Fortunately, no one was injured in this accident.
22 January 2017
Eight coaches of the Hirakhand Express derailed in Vizianagaram district of Andhra Pradesh state, located on the southeast coast of India. About 39 people had to lose their lives in this train accident.
March 20, 2015
The Janata Express going from Dehradun to Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh had derailed. About 34 people were killed in this accident.
May 04, 2014
20 people died and 100 others were injured in this train accident when Diva Sawantwadi passenger train derailed between Nagothane and Roha stations in Maharashtra.
28 December 2013
Around 26 people were killed and around 20 were injured when the Bengaluru-Nanded Express train caught fire. The fire had started in the air condition coach.
19 August 2013
28 people lost their lives after being hit by Rajyarani Express in Khagaria district of Bihar.
30 July 2012
The year 2012 was one of the worst years in terms of accidents in the history of Indian Railways. In the year 2012, there were about 14 train accidents, which included both derailment and head-on collision. On 30 July 2012, a fire broke out in a coach of the Delhi-Chennai-bound Tamil Nadu Express near Nellore, killing more than 30 people.
07 July 2011
About 38 people lost their lives in a train and bus collision in the country's largest state Uttar Pradesh.
20 September 2010
33 people were killed and more than 160 were injured in a collision between a Gwalior Intercity Express and a goods train in Shivpuri city of Madhya Pradesh state.
19 July 2010
62 people died and more than 150 were injured in a train accident between Uttar Banga Express and Vananchal Express in West Bengal, located in the eastern part of India.
May 28, 2010
Dnyaneshwari Express derails in suspected Naxal attack in West Bengal. About 170 people died in this accident.
February 14, 2009
On the day of Rail Budget, 14 coaches of the Howrah-Chennai Coromandel Express derailed. 15 died and 50 were injured in the accident.
A fire broke out in the Gautami Express going from Secunderabad to Kakinada late in the night. Due to this 32 people were killed and many were injured.
April 16, 2007
At least 11 people were killed in a train accident in Tamil Nadu. The accident took place near Kancheepuram village in Thirumathpur when a train rammed into a minibus.
April 21, 2005
At least 17 people were killed and 78 others injured when the Sabarmati Express and a goods train collided near Vadodara in Gujarat.
At least 50 people were killed and the same number were injured in a train-trolley collision in Maharashtra.
51 people were killed and many were injured in the train accident in Maharashtra.
July 02, 2003
Two coaches and the engine of the Golconda Express fell on the road below an overbridge at Warangal, 120 km from Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh. 21 people died in this accident.
June 22, 2003
The coaches of a special passenger train derailed near Ratnagiri on the Goa-Maharashtra border. At least 51 passengers died.
May 15, 2003
Fire broke out at Frontier Mail near Ludhiana in Punjab. At least 38 people died.
09 September 2002
Rajdhani Express going from Howrah to New Delhi met with an accident. 120 people died in this.
September 10, 2002
Around 150 people were killed in this incident when some bogies of Rajdhani Express fell in the river near Rafiganj in Gaya, Bihar.
09 September 2002
Rajdhani Express going from Howrah to New Delhi met with an accident. 120 people died in this accident.
May 12, 2002
Shramjeevi Express going from New Delhi to Patna derailed. 12 people died in this accident.
June 22, 2001
Mangalore-Chennai Mail fell into the Kadalundi River in Kerala. 59 people lost their lives in this accident.
May 31, 2001
A train collided with a bus parked at a railway crossing in Uttar Pradesh. 31 people died in this accident.
02 December 2000
Howrah Mail going from Kolkata to Amritsar collided with a goods train, in which 44 people were killed and 140 were injured.
August 03, 1999
At least 285 people were killed and 312 others were injured in a collision between Delhi-bound Brahmaputra Mail and Awadh-Assam Express at Gasal in West Bengal.
July 16, 1999
Delhi bound Grand Trunk Express collided with a goods train near Mathura. In this accident 17 people died and 200 were injured.
26 November 1998
Khanna in Punjab collided with Jammu Tawi-Sealdah Express and Amritsar Golden Temple Mail. About 209 people died and 120 were injured in this train accident.
September 14, 1997
In this train accident in Bilaspur, Madhya Pradesh, 100 people were killed, while 200 people were injured. Five bogies of Ahmedabad-Howrah Express had fallen into the river.
April 18, 1996
Ernakulam Express collided with a bus in South Kerala. 35 died and 50 were injured in this accident.
August 20, 1995
Around 305 people were killed and about 344 were injured in a head-on collision of the Purushottam Express Kalindi Express at Firozabad near Agra.
December 21, 1993
Kota-Bina Express collided with goods train in Rajasthan. 71 were killed and many were injured.
April 16, 1990
A fire broke out in a train near Patna. 70 died in this accident.
February 23, 1985
Two coaches of a passenger train caught fire in Rajnandgaon. 50 died and many were injured in this accident.
June 06, 1981
There was a very dangerous train accident in Bihar state of India in which several bogies of a passenger train fell down from the river bridge at Dhamara near Khagaria in the night in which 800 died and more than 1000 were injured.