History of Indian National Movement:

The Indian National Movement was a major national movement in 'Indian History' for a long time. The formal beginning of this movement was with the establishment of the Congress in 1885, which continued till August 15, 1947, with some ups and downs.

The year 1857 is considered to be the beginning of the rise of Indian nationalism. National literature and economic exploitation of the country also contributed significantly to the awakening of nationalism.

Important institutions formed in the period of Indian national independence movement:

Establishment year Name of organizations Made by
1784 Asiatic Society William Jones
- Young bengal Henry Louis Vivian Derozio
1828 Brahmo Samaj Raja Ram Mohan Roy
1843 British Public Assembly Dada Bhai Naoroji
1851 Rahnumai Bhandayasan Samaj Dada Bhai Naoroji
1862 Scientific Society Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
1863 Mohammedan Anglo Literary Society Abdul Latif
1871 Veda Samaj Sridharalu Naidu
1867 Prayer Society Keshav Chandra Sen, Mahadev Ranade, Rabindranath Tagore
1870 Poona Public Assembly Ranade/Chipulkar and Joshi
1872 Indian Society Anand Mohan Bose
1875 Arya Samaj Swami Dayanand Saraswati
1875 Theosophical Society Madame Blavatsky and Colonel Alcott
1875 Mohammedan Anglo Oriental College Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
1876 ​​Indian Association Surendra Nath Banerjee
1883 Indian National Conference SN Banerjee
1885 Indian National Congress A. O. Hume
1885 Bombay Presidency Association Firoz Shah Mehta, Tailang and Tyabji
1887 Belur Math Swami Vivekananda
1887 Indian Social Conference Mahadev Govind Ranade
1888 United Indian Patriotic Association Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
1896 Ram Krishna Mission Swami Vivekananda
1905 Servants of India Society Gopal Krishna Gokhale
1906 Muslim League Salimullah and Aga Khan
1913 Ghadar Party Hardayal, Kashi Ram and Sohan Singh
1916 Home Rule League Bal Gangadhar Tilak
1918 Visva Bharati Rabindra Nath Tagore
1920 Communist Party of India MN Rai (in Tashkent)
1920 Servants of People's Society Lala Lajpat Rai
1920 All India Trade Union Congress N. M. Joshi
1923 Swaraj Party Motilal Nehru, Chittaranjan Das and N.C. Kelkar
1925 Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh K B Hedgewar
1928 Hindustan Socialist Republican Association Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh
1936 All India Kisan Sabha N. G Rang and Sehjanand
1936 Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad Meenu Masani, Ashok Mehta and Dr. Ashraf
1937 Khudai Khidmatgar Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan
1939 Forward BlocK Subhash Chandra Bose
1940 Radical Democratic Party M. N. Opinion
1942 Azad Hind Fauj Ras Behari Bose

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The first reform movement started in the 19th century was the "Bharatiya Samaj Sudhar Sabha". It was established in 1814 by Raja Rammohan Roy. This movement was organized to encourage various social and cultural reforms in the Indian society.

"Quit India Movement" was started in the month of August in 1942 AD. This movement is also called "freedom movement". Its main goal was to achieve complete independence of India from the British rule. Mahatma Gandhi led this movement and he gave the slogan "Quit India" on 8 August 1942.

The Khilafat Movement was organized by the Indian Muslims in the 1920s. The main objective of this movement was to fight against the British Government in support of the Turkish Sultan and Khalifa in the matter of Khilafat.

The Non-cooperation movement started in the decade of 1920 AD. This movement was organized by Gandhiji on the basis of the proposals of the Nehru Report. The main objective of this movement was to strengthen the demand for Indian independence through agitation, non-cooperation, and non-violence against the British government.

Gandhiji had withdrawn the non-cooperation movement in 1922 AD. The reason for this was the Chauri Chowkdi incident which took place on 5 February 1922 in Varanasi. In this incident an innocent British officer was killed and after this an appeal was made to withdraw the non-cooperation movement.

  Last update :  Fri 7 Oct 2022
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