What is called a desert or a desert?

Desert is said to be such geographical areas where the rainfall (sum of rainfall and snowfall) is much less than other areas. Often (mistakenly) sandy desert plains are called desert which is wrong. It is another matter that the region with the lowest rainfall in India (Thar) is a sandy plain. The desert (area with less rainfall) need not be sandy. It is also not necessary for the desert to be hot. The Antarctic, which is a snow-covered region, is the largest desert in the world. There are many such deserts in other countries of the world which are not sandy. Types of deserts: Deserts can be classified on the basis of rainfall, average temperature, number of days without rain (or snow) in the year, etc. The Thar Desert of India is a tropical desert, due to which it is also sandy. From the point of view of waterfall: The combination of rain and snow is called waterfall. If the waterfall of an area is less than 200 mm, then it is a type of region. Similarly, an area up to 250-500 mm can be kept in a separate category. Similarly other areas can also be classified. From the point of view of temperature: These regions can also be classified in terms of temperature.

  • Tropical desert
  • Sub-tropical desert
  • Cold Tropical desert

List of major deserts of the world:

Name Country Area (Km.)
Sahara Desert North Africa 90,65,000
Libyan Desert North Africa 16,83,500
Australian Desert Australia 15,54,000
Great Victoria Desert Australia 3,38,000
Atacama Desert Northern Chile 1,80,000
Pentagonian Desert Argentina 6,73,000
Syrian Desert Arabia 3,23,800
Arabian Desert Arabia 2,30,00,00
Gobi Desert Mongolia 10,36,000
Rab Aal Khali Desert Arabia 6,47,500
Kalahari Desert Botswana 5,18,000
Great Sandy Desert Australia 3,40,000
Takala Makan Desert China 3,27,000
Arunta Desert Australia 310800
Karakum Desert South-West Turkestan 2,97,900
Nubian Desert North Africa 2,59,000
Thar Desert North-Western India 2,59,000
Kizilkul Desert Central Turkestan 2,33,100
Tanami Desert Australia 37,500
Negev Desert Israel 12,170
Mojave Desert America -
The Great Basin Desert US 4,09,000
Namib Desert Namibia 1,35,000
Death Valley Desert Eastern California -
Chihohua Desert North America 5,18,000
Simpson Desert Australia 170,000
Gibson Desert Western Australia 156,000
Mongolia desert Between Asia and Russia 10,00,000
Nubian Desert Sudan -
Mojave Desert United States -
Kalahari Desert South-West Africa 90,00,000
Atacama Desert Chile 1,05,000
Rub-al-Khali Desert Saudi Arabia -
Sonoran Desert Mexico
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Major Deserts of the World GK Questions and Answers 🔗

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Major Deserts of The World FAQs:

The largest desert in the world is the Sahara desert. It is also the largest hot desert in the world, where temperatures are extremely high and some areas have little natural vegetation and lack permanent water sources.

The Gobi Desert is the largest desert in Asia, spread over 1,600 km in China and Mongolia, and the fifth largest desert in the world.

A desert is that part of the earth where the annual year is less than 25 years. Deserts are arid or semi-arid. The trade wind belts are found between 15⁰ to 30⁰ north or south of the equator (Equator) west of the frozen continents.

The name of the Indian desert is "Thar Desert". The Thar Desert is located in the Indian subcontinent and is spread between India and Pakistan. It is a vast hot desert characterized by the presence of exclusively desert life and vegetation.

The Great Victoria is Australia's largest desert, and includes many small sand hills, grasslands, areas of pebble-filled surface (called desert pavement or gibber plains), and salt lakes.

  Last update :  Mon 22 Aug 2022
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