Major local winds of the world, nature and their locations:

What are local winds called?

Winds that are likely to blow against the prevailing winds are known as "local winds" due to specific conditions of local surface texture, temperature and air pressure. Their effect falls on relatively small areas. They are confined to the lowest layers of the troposphere.

Note: The troposphere is the lowest part of the Earth's atmosphere.

What are trade winds called?

The wind that blows continuously throughout the year in both the hemispheres from the regions of southern latitude ie sub-tropical high pressure zone towards the equatorial low pressure zone is called trade wind. These winds blow continuously in the same direction throughout the year. Generally, this wind should flow from north to south in the northern hemisphere and from south to north in the southern hemisphere, but due to Ferrell's law and the Corollis force, "these winds are due to the movement of the earth to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the southern hemisphere". I turn to the left."

Features of trade winds:

  • Trade winds are called trade winds in English. Here the word 'trade' is derived from the German language, which means 'specified path' or 'route'. It is clear from this that these winds keep blowing in the same direction throughout the year on a specified path.
  • In the Northern Hemisphere, these winds blow from north-east to south-west.
  • Whereas in the Southern Hemisphere, their direction is from South-East to North-West.
  • Due to the continuous flow in a regular direction, these winds helped traders in the operation of sailing ships in ancient times, due to which they came to be called trade winds.
  • Near the equator, both the trade winds rise up due to extreme temperatures and become the cause of heavy rain, because by reaching there they are completely satisfied with the water vapor.
  • The trade winds also have a huge impact on the climate of the world.

Naturally, the characteristics of these winds and their effects can be of different types, some of the major local winds of the world are as follows:-

List of major local winds in the world:

Names of local winds Nature Location Name
Loo Hot and dry Northern India-Pakistan
The dusty, stormy, hot and dry winds that blow in the north-east and west-east direction in northern India in summer are called Loo. This type of wind blows in May and June. During heat wave the temperature goes above 45° centigrade.
Haboob Hot Sudan
A type of dust storm in north-eastern Sudan, especially near Khartoum, causing reduced visibility and heavy rain, sometimes accompanied by lightning. It runs after noon especially in the months of May and September. Habub means bubble of water.
Chinook Hot and dry Rocky Mountains
A warm, dry wind blowing along mountain slopes that blows in the United States. This wind blows in the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains from Colorado in the north to British Columbia in Canada. The average temperature of this air is 40°F. This wind is also known as Himbhakshi.
Mistral Cold Spain-France
This spain is originally a cold winter wind blowing in the Rông Valley of France.
Harmattan Hot and dry West Africa
Harmattans are hot and dry winds blowing from the Sahara Desert in the southwest direction. The tropical west coast of Africa turns green with the arrival of the Harmattan winds. This type of wind is known as "doctor wind" off the Guinea coast. Because this air gives relief to the residents of this region from the humid weather. It is called "Black Roller" in North America and "Shamal" in the north-east of the Persian Gulf.
Sirocco Hot and dry Sahara Desert
These are warm winds blowing across the Sahara Desert towards the Mediterranean Sea. The wind blowing from the Sahara desert to Italy is mixed with sand particles and when it rains in Italy after taking moisture from the ocean, the raindrops turn red due to these sand particles. Thus in Italy it is also called rain of blood or rain of blood.
Simoom Hot and dry Arabian Desert
It is a hot and dry wind blowing in the Arabian desert. This wind blows at a very high speed. Its movement makes it difficult to breathe.
Bora Cold and dry Italy and Hungary
Bora is a cold wind that blows along the Adriatic coast of Yugoslavia. In the northern part of Italy, cold winds blowing from the north-east are called bora.
Blizzard Cold Tundra Region
A blizzard is a severe blizzard characterized by sustained winds of at least 56 km/h (35 mph) and sustained winds.
Levant Cold Spain
The Levant is an easterly wind that blows over the western Mediterranean Sea and southern France. In Roussillon it is called "the Levant" and in Corsica "the Levante".
Brick Fielder Hot and dry Australia
It is a hot and dry wind that blows in the Australian state of Victoria.
Friagem Cold Brazil
It is an intense cold wave caused by a cyclone in the tropical Campos region of Brazil, which flows in the months of May or June and reduces the temperature of this region by 10 degrees centigrade. .
Papagayo Cold and dry Mexico
The Papagayo Jets, also known as the Papagayo Wind or Papagayo Wind Jet, are strong intermittent winds that blow about 70 km north of the Gulf of Papagayo.
Khamsin Hot and dry Egypt
Khamsin, commonly known in Egypt as Khamasin, is a dry, hot, sandy local wind affecting Egypt. Similar winds, known as the Levant, Flows into the Arabian Peninsula, other parts of North Africa
Solano Hot and humid Sahara
The Solano is an east to southeast wind. In spring and summer, from June to September, it carries warm air from the African coast over the Strait of Gibraltar, often with rain and sometimes with dust. goes.
Punas Cold  and dry Andes Mountains
The Puna wind blows from the Cordilleras across a tableland called the Puna in Peru. It is cold and dry wind.
Buran Cold Siberia
Buran in Russian is a wind that blows in Iran, East Asia, especially Xinjiang, Siberia and Kazakhstan. Above the tundra, it is also known as урга, purga.
Nor'westers Hot India
Nor'westers, known in Assam as bordoisilla, are localized rainfall and thunderstorms and thunderstorms that occur in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal and Bangladesh, often with winds of 100 km/h (62 mph). miles per hour).
Santa Ana Hot and dry California
Santa Ana winds are strong, extremely dry downslope winds that originate inland and affect coastal Southern California and northern Baja California. They originate from cold, dry high-pressure air masses in the Great Basin.
Shamal Hot and dry Iraq, Iran
It is a warm and dry north-east wind blowing in Mesopotamia (Iraq) and the Persian Gulf.
Zonda Hot and dry Argentina
Zonda wind fan is a regional term for the wind that often occurs on the eastern slope of the Andes in Argentina. Zonda is a dry wind (often carrying dust) that comes from the polar sea breeze.
Pampero Cold Pampas Plains
The pampero is a blast of cold polar air from the west, southwest, or south over the Pampas in Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and the south of Bolivia. This air picks up (often violently) during the passage of an active low passing cold front.

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Local Winds of the World GK Questions and Answers 🔗

Read also:

Dominant Local Winds FAQs:

The tropical storm is called Willi-Willi because of its location off the north-west coast of Australia.

Wind speed is a basic quantity. The flow of air is from high pressure to low pressure. The rulings differ from place to place, which is due to the difference in temperature.

The wind that flows continuously throughout the year in both the hemispheres from the areas of southern latitude ie the subtropical high pressure belt towards the equatorial low pressure belt is called trade wind.

Monsoon winds refer to a system of wind in which the direction is completely reversed with the change of seasons. These winds blow from sea to land in summer and from land to sea in winter.

Trade winds are the winds that blow from the subtropical high pressure areas towards the equatorial low pressure, from the north-east in the Northern Hemisphere and from the south-east in the Southern Hemisphere. That's why they are called north-east trade winds and south-east trade winds.

  Last update :  Thu 20 Apr 2023
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  Post Category :  Physical Geography of World