Solanki Dynasty History, Rulers, Art literature and Important Facts

History of Solanki Dynasty and List of Important Facts:

Solanki Dynasty:The Solanki dynasty was a Rajput dynasty of medieval India. Mulraj I was the founder of the Solanki dynasty of Gujarat. He made Anhilvad his capital. Solanki gotra belongs to Rajputs. The right of the Solanki Rajputs was up to the Gurjar country and the Kathiawar states. They ruled from the 9th century to the 13th century. He was also called the Chalukya of Gurjar country.

These people are basically Suryavanshi Vratya Kshatriya and belong to Dakshinapath but due to the influence of Jain sages, these people joined the Jain sect. After that, during the time of Emperor Ashokvardhan Maurya of India, the Brahmins of Kanya Kubja again included them in the Vedic. Mulraj ruled from 942 to 995 AD. From 995 to 1008 AD, Mulraj's son Chamundarai was the ruler of Anhilvad. His son Ralabhraj ruled from 1008 to 1022 AD. Ralabhraj's nephew Bhima I was the most powerful ruler of his dynasty.

History of Solanki Dynasty Heroic Warriors:

Dadda Chalukyas: Dadda Chalukyas were the first Rajput warriors who prevented Ghaznavi from plundering the Somnath temple.

Bhimdev Dvitya: Bhimdev Ditya defeated Mohammad Ghori's army twice badly and kept Mohammad Ghori in prison in Gujarat for two years and later released, due to which Mohammad Ghori raised his eyes towards Gujarat for the third time. Didn't even take the name on the tongue.

Solanki Siddharaj Jaisingh: There is less to be said about Jaisingh. Jai Singh ruled Gujarat for 56 years, his kingdom was up to Sindhdesh, Madhya Pradesh, some part of Rajasthan, Soorashtra. The biggest thing is that it did not lose to any Afghan and Mughal in the battlefield. Rather, they used to wash them away. Siddharaj Jaisingh and Kumarpal discovered new ways of doing business, which improved the economic conditions of Gujarat and Rajasthan, the poor started getting work and everyone got work due to which the conditions of their house improved.

Pulakesi: Pulakeshi was their kingdom till Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh. During their time neither Mughals nor Afghans came to India, at that time Rajput kings used to fight among themselves to increase their kingdom.

Kilhandev Solanki (Toda-Tonk): Kilhandev Solanki attacked Delhi and took away all the wives of the emperor and distributed them among the low caste people of Tonk. Because the Sultan of Delhi used to kill innocent Hindus and take away their wives, daughters and daughters-in-law. His kingdom was spread up to Tonk, Dharmaraj, Dahi, Indore, Malwa.

Ballu Dada: Ballu Dada of Mandalgarh single-handedly fought and put to death the army of Akbar's two special Khwaja Abdulmajid and Asraf Khan. He came in handy in the war with Maharana Pratap in Haldighati. After Ballu Dada, his son Nandrai took the command of Mandalgarh-Mewar in his hands, he took care of Mandalgarh very well but during his time Maharana Pratap started wandering in the jungles and Akbar along with Man Singh attacked Mandalgarh and all The Solankis fought him and attained martyrdom while fighting.

Vachhraj Solanki: Vachhraj Solanki fought for 32 kilometers on his horse and did not let the cow thieves carry a single cow and killed all the cow thieves, even after cutting the torso, fighting without any military force. In the end, Veergati was attained, due to which the people of Gujarat still worship him and a temple has also been built in Radhanpur-Palanpur.

Bhimdev I: When Bhimdev I was 10-11 years old, he had shown his arrow style to Mahmud Ghaznavi at a young age. Together, Mahmud injured Ghaznavi and forced him to go back to Ghazni-Afghanistan, due to which Ghaznavi had to change his mind to loot the Somnath temple and go back to Afghanistan.

Kumarpal: Kumarpal founded Jainism and supported the Jains. He told the merchants of Gujarat and Rajasthan new ways of doing business and those methods were also liked by the kings of Rajasthan and this increased the power and morale of both the states. The people of Gujarat, Rajasthan started getting work due to which their homes started to survive.

Rao Suratan: At the time of Rao Suratan, Mandu Sultan took control of Toda, then Rana Raimal was the successor of Mewar, who got the jagir of Badnore-Mewar. Rao Surtan's daughter put a condition 'I will marry the same Rajput who will give me Toda, my birthplace. Then Rana Raimal's son Rana Prithviraj supported him. Prithviraj was very brave and very passionate. Rana Prithviraj of Chittor, Rao Surtan Singh and Rajkumari Tara Bai attacked Toda-Tonk and Mandu Sultan was put to death by Tara Bai and Toda was again ruled by the Solankis. Tara Bai was very brave. He married Rana Prithviraj according to his promise.

Salute to such a Solankini princess. Man Singh and Akbar themselves had come here. One lakh Mughals took away the war and the entire Toda was taken from all four sides. Solanki soldiers also faced Akbar's army and killed many of Akbar's soldiers and in the end they all got martyrdom while fighting.

Art Literature of the Solanki Dynasty:

Maru-Gurjara architecture, or "Solaki style", is a style of North Indian temple architecture that originated in Gujarat and Rajasthan in the 11th to 13th centuries, under the Chaulukya dynasty (or Solachi dynasty). Although originated as a regional style in Hindu temple architecture, it became particularly popular in Jain temples and primarily under Jain patronage, later spreading to communities throughout India and around the world. Most of the dynasty rulers were Shaivites, although they also patronized Jainism. Mulraj, the founder of the dynasty, is said to have built the Moolvatsika temple for the Digambara Jains and the Moolnath-Jindev temple for the Shvetambara Jains.

Dilwara Temples and Modhera Sun Temple were first constructed during the reign of Bhima I. According to popular tradition, her queen Udayamati also installed the lotus feet of the queen. Kumarapala began patronizing Jainism at some point in his life, and later Jain accounts portray him as the last great royal patron of Jainism. The Chalukya rulers also favored mosques to maintain good relations with the Muslim merchants.

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