History of Indian National Congress

The Indian National Congress is the oldest political party in India. The current President of the Indian National Congress is Mallikarjun Kharge. He has been the Minister of Labor and Employment in the Cabinet of the Fifteenth Lok Sabha of the Government of India. The youth organization of the Congress party is 'Indian Youth Congress'. The 'Indian National Congress' was established on December 28, 1885 at 12 noon in the building of 'Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College' in Bombay. Its founder 'A.O. Hume' and Vyomesh Chandra Banerjee was made the first president.

There were a total of 72 members in the 'Indian National Congress', among whom were important - Dadabhai Naoroji, Ferozshah Mehta, Dinsha Edalji Vacha, Kashinatha Tailang, V. Raghavacharya, N.G. Chandravarkar, S. Subramaniam etc. In this conference, on the suggestion of Dadabhai Naoroji, the name of 'Indian National Association' was changed to 'Indian National Congress'.

Objectives and Programs of Congress:

The objectives and programs of the Indian National Congress were as follows-

  • Running a democratic nationalist movement.
  • To acquaint Indians with political goals and impart political education.
  • Establishment of headquarters for the movement.
  • To encourage the establishment of friendly relations between political leaders and workers of different parts of the country.
  • Promotion and support of anti-colonial ideology.
  • To unite the countrymen for a common economic one political program.
  • To inculcate a nationwide experience in the people by lifting them in the spirit of caste, religion and provincialism.
  • Promotion and spread of Indian nationalist sentiment.

List of Presidents of Indian National Congress:

All Indian National Congress Presidents since Independence of India (1948):

Presidential year Presidents Name Place of Conference
2022–Incumbent Mallikarjun Kharge New Delhi
2019–2022 Sonia Gandhi Jaipur
2017–2019 Rahul Gandhi New Delhi
2010–2017 Sonia Gandhi New Delhi
2006–2010 Sonia Gandhi Hyderabad
2004–2006 Sonia Gandhi New Delhi
2001–2004 Sonia Gandhi Bangalore
1998–2001 Sonia Gandhi New Delhi
1996–1998 Sitaram Kesri Calcutta
1994 P. V. Narasimha Rao Delhi
1993 P. V. Narasimha Rao Surajkund
1992 P. V. Narasimha Rao Tirupati
1985–1991 Rajiv Gandhi Bombay
1983 Indira Gandhi Calcutta
1978–83 Indira Gandhi New Delhi
1975–77 Devakanta Barua Chandigarh
1977–78 Devakanta Barua Chandigarh
1972–74 Shankar Dayal Sharma Calcutta
1970–1971 Jagjivan Ram Bombay
1969 S. Nijalingappa Faridabad
1968 S. Nijalingappa Hyderabad
1966–1967 K. Kamaraj Jaipur
1965 K. Kamaraj Durgapur
1964 K. Kamaraj Bhubaneswar
1962–1963 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Patna
1961 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Bhavnagar
1960 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Bangalore
1959 Indira Gandhi Delhi (special session)
1959 U. N. Dhebar Nagpur
1958 U. N. Dhebar Gauhati
1957 U. N. Dhebar Indore
1956 U. N. Dhebar Amritsar
1955 U. N. Dhebar Avadi
1954 Jawaharlal Nehru Kalyani
1953 Jawaharlal Nehru Hyderabad
1951–1952 Jawaharlal Nehru Delhi
1950 Purushottam Das Tandon Nashik
1948–1949 Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya Jaipur

Presidents of the Indian National Congress from 1901 to 1947 before Indian independence:

Presidential year Presidents Name Place of Conference
1946–47 J. B. Kripalani Meerut
1940–46 Abul Kalam Azad Ramgarh
1939 (March) Rajendra Prasad Tewar, Madhya Pradesh (then Tripuri)
1939 Subhas Chandra Bose Tewar, Madhya Pradesh (then Tripuri)
1938 Subhas Chandra Bose Haripura
1937 Jawaharlal Nehru Faizpur
1936 Jawaharlal Nehru Lucknow
1935 Rajendra Prasad Lucknow
1934 Rajendra Prasad Bombay
1933 Nellie Sengupta Calcutta
1932 Madan Mohan Malaviya Delhi
1931 Vallabhbhai Patel Karachi
1930 Jawaharlal Nehru Karachi
1929 Jawaharlal Nehru Lahore
1928 Motilal Nehru Calcutta
1927 Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari Madras
1926 S. Srinivasa Iyengar Guwahati
1925 Sarojini Naidu Kanpur
1924 Mahatma Gandhi Belgaum
1923 Abul Kalam Azad Delhi (Special Session)
1923 Mohammad Ali Jouhar Kakinada
1922 Chittaranjan Das Gaya
1921 Hakim Ajmal Khan Ahmedabad
1920 C. Vijayaraghavachariar Nagpur
1920 Lala Lajpat Rai Calcutta (Special Session)
1919 Motilal Nehru Amritsar
1918 Syed Hasan Imam Bombay (special session)
1918 Madan Mohan Malaviya Delhi
1917 Annie Besant Calcutta
1916 Ambica Charan Mazumdar Lucknow
1915 Satyendra Prasanno Sinha Bombay
1914 Bhupendra Nath Bose Madras
1913 Nawab Syed Muhammad Bahadur Karachi
1912 Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar Bankipore
1911 Bishan Narayan Dar Calcutta
1910 William Wedderburn Allahabad
1909 Madan Mohan Malaviya Lahore
1908 Rashbihari Ghosh Madras
1907 Rashbihari Ghosh Surat
1906 Dadabhai Naoroji Calcutta
1905 Gopal Krishna Gokhale Benares
1904 Henry John Stedman Cotton Bombay
1903 Lalmohan Ghosh Madras
1902 Surendranath Banerjee Ahmedabad
1901 Dinshaw Edulji Wacha Calcutta

President of the Indian National Congress from 1900 to 1885:

Presidential year Presidents Name Place of Conference
1900 N. G. Chandavarkar Lahore
1899 Romesh Chunder Dutt Lucknow
1898 Anandamohan Bose Madras
1897 C. Sankaran Nair Amaravati
1896 Rahimtulla M. Sayani Calcutta
1895 Surendranath Banerjee Poona
1894 Alfred Webb Madras
1893 Dadabhai Naoroji Lahore
1892 Womesh Chandra Banerjee Allahabad
1891 Panapakkam Anandacharlu Nagpur
1890 Pherozeshah Mehta Calcutta
1889 William Wedderburn Bombay
1888 George Yule Allahabad
1887 Badruddin Tyabji Madras
1886 Dadabhai Naoroji Calcutta
1885 Womesh Chandra Banerjee Bombay

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Ambikacharan Majumdar (1850–1922) was an Indian freedom fighter and politician. He presided over the 1916 Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress.

The Indian National Congress was founded on 28 December 1885 at the Gokul Das Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay (Mumbai) with the presence of 72 delegates. Its founder general secretary A.O. Hume, who appointed Vyomesh Chandra Banerjee of Calcutta as its president.

In the year 1907, the session of the Indian National Congress was held in Surat, in which Congress was divided into two parties named Garam Dal and Naram Dal. This is called Surat Partition.

On 31 December 1929, the annual session of the Indian National Congress was held in Lahore, the capital of the then Punjab province. In this historic convention, the manifesto of 'Purna Swaraj' of the Congress was prepared and declared 'Purna Swaraj' as the main goal of the Congress.

The Indian National Congress, more commonly known as the Congress, is one of the major political parties in India. The Congress was founded on 28 December 1885 during the British Raj. WC Banerjee is the first President of the Indian National Congress.

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