Who is the governor?
In the Republic of India, the governor is the constitutional post of the head of state in 28 states. The Governor is appointed by the President of India for a term of 5 years and he holds office at the will of the President. The governor is the legitimate head of the state government, whose executive action is carried out in the name of the governor.
List of Current Governors of all 28 Indian states:
|State Name||Name of the Governor Assumed (Term)|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Lt. Gen. Kaivalya Trivikram Parnaik (12 February 2023)|
|Assam||Gulab Chand Kataria (12 February 2023)|
|Andhra Pradesh||S Abdul Nazir (12 February 2023)|
|Uttar Pradesh||Anandiben Patel (29 July 2019)|
|Uttarakhand||Gurmeet Singh (Gen) (15 September 2021)|
|Odisha||Raghubar Das (19 October 2023)|
|Karnataka||Thavarchand Gehlot (07 July 2021)|
|Kerala||Arif Mohammad Khan (06 September 2019)|
|Gujarat||Acharya Devvrat (22 July 2019)|
|Goa||P S Sreedharan Pillai (07 July 2021)|
|Chhattisgarh||Biswa Bhushan Harichandan (12 February 2023)|
|Jharkhand||CP Radhakrishnan (12 February 2023)|
|Tamil Nadu||Rabindra Narayan Ravi (18 September 2021)|
|Telangana||Dr Tamilisai Soundararajan (08 September 2019)|
|Tripura||Indra Sena Reddy (19 October 2023)|
|Nagaland||La Ganesan (12 February 2023)|
|Punjab||Banwarilal Purohit (August 31, 2021)|
|West Bengal||Jagdeep Dhankhar (30 July 2019)|
|Bihar||Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar (12 February 2023)|
|Manipur||La. Ganesan (27 August 2021)|
|Madhya Pradesh||Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel (06 July 2021)|
|Maharashtra||Ramesh Bais (12 February 2023)|
|Mizoram||Dr.Hari Babu Kambhampati (07 July 2021)|
|Meghalaya||Tathagata Roy (27 January 2020)|
|Rajasthan||Kalraj Mishra (09 September 2019)|
|Sikkim||Laxman Prasad Acharya (12 February 2023)|
|Haryana||Bandaru Dattatreya (07 July 2021)|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shiv Pratap Shukla (12 February 2023)|
List of Current Administrators and lieutenant governors of union territories of India:-
|Union Territories||Name and post assumed(Term of office)|
|Andaman and Nicobar Archipelago (Lieutenant Governor)||Admiral DK Joshi (Lieutenant Governor) (08 October 2017)|
|Jammu and Kashmir (Lieutenant Governor)||Manoj Sinha (Lieutenant Governor) (07 August 2020)|
|Ladakh (Lt. Governor)||Radhakrishna Mathur (Lt. Governor) (31 October 2019)|
|Chandigarh (Admin)||Banwarilal Purohit (Administrator) (August 31, 2021)|
|Daman and Diu (Administrator)||Praful Patel (Administrator) (August 29, 2016)|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Administrator)||Praful Patel (Administrator) (December 30, 2016)|
|Delhi (Lieutenant Governor)||Anil Baijal (Lieutenant Governor) (December 31, 2016)|
|Puducherry (Lt. Governor)||Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan (Additional Charge) (Lt. Governor) (18 February 2021)|
|Lakshadweep (Admin)||Praful Patel (Administrator) (Addl. Charge) (December 5, 2020)|
What are the qualifications required for the post of Governor?
According to Article 157, it is mandatory for a person to be appointed to the post of Governor, it is necessary to have the following qualifications:-
- He should be a citizen of India.
- He should have completed 35 years of age.
- He should not hold an office of profit in the State Government or the Central Government or any public undertaking under the control of these States
- He should be eligible to be elected as a member of the State Legislative Assembly.
Who appoints the governor?
According to Article 155 of the Constitution, the Governor shall be appointed directly by the President, but in reality the Governor is appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister of India. In relation to the appointment of the Governor, the following two types of practices were made:-
- No person shall be appointed as the Governor of the State of which he is a resident.
- Before the appointment of the Governor, the Chief Minister of the concerned State will be consulted.
This practice was followed from 1950 to 1967, but in the 1967 elections when non-Congress governments were formed in some states, the second practice was abolished and the Governor was appointed without consulting the Chief Minister.
Governor's salary and allowances
According to the year 2020, the salary of the governor of the states of India is 3 lakh 50 thousand rupees and the salary of the lieutenant governor is 1 lakh 10 thousand per month. Along with this, free government accommodation is provided to the governor. He is entitled to enjoy all the salaries, allowances and such privileges as are specified in the Governor (Emoluments, Allowances and Privileges) Act, 1982.
Powers, Functions and Privileges of Governor:
The Governor enjoys the following privileges and immunities:-
- The Governor is not responsible to any court for the exercise of the powers and performance of his office.
- During the term of office of the Governor, no criminal proceedings can be initiated against him in any court.
- When the Governor is in office, no process can be issued from any court for his arrest or imprisonment.
- Before or after assuming the office of the Governor, he has to give two months notice before taking any civil action in respect of the work done by him in his personal capacity.
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