List of Articles of the Indian Constitution and their related subjects

Bharat or 'India' is a union of states.It is an independent sovereign socialist democratic republic with a parliamentary system of government.The republic is governed according to the Constitution of India, which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950.Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is the architect of the Indian Constitution.The President of the Constitution Drafting Committee, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, despite his ill health, drafted the world's most written constitution in 2 years, 11 months and 18 days.

In this article the Articles of the Indian Constitution and all their related subjects have been presented at one place.Let us know about the Articles of the Indian Constitution and their related subjects:

List of Articles of the Indian Constitution and their related subjects:

Article Related topics
Article-1 Name of the Union and Territory
Article-2 Admission or establishment of new states
Article-3 Formation of state and change of boundaries or names
Article-4 Amendments to the First Schedule and the Fourth Schedule and the laws made under Schedule II and III
Article-5 Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution
Article-6 Citizenship to persons coming to India
Article-7 Citizenship to those going to Pakistan
Article-8 Citizenship of persons resident outside India
Article-9 Cease to be a citizen of India by taking citizenship of a foreign state
Article-10 Continuance of rights of citizenship
Article-11 regulation of law for citizenship by parliament
Article-12 Definition of State
Article-13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the Fundamental Rights
Article-14 equality before the law
Article-15 Prohibition of discrimination on the basis of religion, caste, sex
Article-16 Equality of opportunity in public employment
Article-17 End of untouchability
Article-18 end of titles
Article-19 freedom of speech
Article-20 Protection in respect of conviction of offences
Article-21 Life and personal liberty
Article-21A right to education for children in the age group of 6 to 14 years
Article-22 Protection from arrest in certain cases
Article-23 Human Trafficking and Children's Homes
Article-24 Percentage of children employed in factories
Article-25 Freedom to practice and propagate religion
Article-26 Freedom to manage religious affairs
Article-27 Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
Article-28 Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions.
Article-29 Protection of interests of minorities
Article-30 right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions
Article-31A Saving of laws making provision for acquisition of estate, etc.
Article-31A Validation of certain Acts and Regulations
Article-31A Saving of laws giving effect to certain Directive Principles
Article-32 Remedies for enforcement of rights
Article-33 Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part
Article-34 Restriction on rights conferred by this Part when martial law is in force in any area
Article-35 Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part
Article-35-A/A Permanent Police Officers of Jammu and Kashmir Regarding residents
Article-36 Definition
Article-37 Application of the elements contained in this part
Article-38 This will create a social system for the promotion of public welfare
Article-39 Some policy elements to be followed by the State
Article-39A Equal justice and free legal aid
Article-40 Organization of Village Panchayats
Article-41 right to work, education and public assistance in certain cases
Article-42 Provision of just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief
Article-43 living wages for workers etc
Article-43A Participation of workers in the management of industries
Article-44 Uniform Civil Code for citizens
Article-45 Provision for free and compulsory education for children
Article-46 Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections
Article-47 Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health
Article-48 Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Organization
Article-48A Protection of environment forest and wild life
Article-49  Protection of National Monument Places and Objects
Article-50 Separation of Judiciary from Executive
Article-51 International peace and security
Article-51A Fundamental Duties
Article-52 President of India
Article-53 Executive power of the Union
Article-54 Election of the President
Article-55 Manner of election of the President
Article-56 Term of Office of the President
Article-57 Eligibility for re-election
Article-58 Qualifies to be elected President
Article-59 Conditions for the office of the President
Article-60 Oath of the President
Article-61 Procedure to impeach the President
Article-62 Time and manner of election to fill the office of President
Article-63 Vice President of India
Article-64 Vice President to be ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha
Article-65 Functions of the Vice President upon a vacancy in the office of the President
Article-66 Election of the Vice-President
Article-67 Term of office of the Vice President
Article-68 Election to fill the vacancy in the office of Vice President
Article-69 Oath by the Vice President
Article-70 Discharge of the duties of the President in other contingencies
Article-71. Subjects relating to the election of the President and the Vice-President
Article-72 Power of Pardon
Article-73 Extension of the executive power of the Union
Article-74 Council of Ministers to advise the President
Article-75 Provisions as to Ministers
Article-76 Attorney General of India
Article-77 Conduct of the business of the Government of India
Article-78 Duties of the Prime Minister to inform the President
Article-79 Constitution of Parliament
Article-80 Composition of Rajya Sabha
Article-81 Composition of Lok Sabha
Article-82 Re-adjustment after each census
Article-83 Duration of the Houses of Parliament
Article-84 Qualifications for Members of Parliament
Article-85 Prorogation and dissolution of Parliament session
Article-87 Special Speech by the President
Article-88 Ministers' and Attorney General's powers regarding the Houses
Article-89 Chairman and Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha
Article-90 vacation or removal of the office of Deputy Chairman
Article-91 Performance of the duties and powers of the Chairman
Article-92 Chairman or Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration
Article-93 Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Article-94 Vacancy of the office of the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker
Article-95 DUTIES AND POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT
Article-96 Chairman not to preside when there is a resolution to remove the Vice-Chairman from office
Article-97 Salaries and allowances of the Chairman, Deputy Chairman and the Chairman, Vice-Chairman
Article-98 Parliament Secretariat
Article-99 Oath or Affirmation by the Member
Article-100 Power of Houses to act notwithstanding voting vacancies in resources and quorum
Article-101 Vanity of places
Article-102 Disqualifications for Members
Article-103 Decision on questions relating to disqualifications of members
Article-104 Power to sit and vote before making oath or affirmation under article 99, or when not disqualified, or when disqualified
Article-105 Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Parliament and of their members and committees
Article-106 Salaries and Allowances of Members
Article-107 Provisions regarding reintroduction and passing of Bills
Article-108 Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases
Article-109 Special procedure in respect of Money Bill
Article-110 Definition of Money MLA
Article-111 Assented Bills
Article-112 Annual Financial Statement
Article-113 Procedure in respect of Estimates in Parliament
Article-114 Appropriation Bill
Article-115 Supplemental, additional or additional translation knowledge
Article-116 Vote on Account, Vote of Credit  and exceptions
Article-117 Special provision regarding Finance Bill
Article-118 Rules of Procedure
Article-119 Regulation by law of procedure relating to financial business in Parliament
Article-120 Language used in Parliament
Article-121 Restriction on discussion in Parliament
Article-122 Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament
Article-123 Ordinance power of the President during recess of Parliament
Article-124 Establishment and constitution of the Supreme Court
Article-125 Salaries of judges
Article-126 Appointment of Chief Justice Murthy
Article-127 Appointment of Ad-hoc Judges
Article-128 Presence of Retired Judges
Article-129 Supreme Court to be the Court of Record
Article-130 Supreme Court Location
Article-131 Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
Article-132 Appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in appeals from the High Courts in certain cases
Article-133 Appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in appeals relating to civil matters in the High Courts
Article-134 Appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in criminal matters
Article-134A Certificate for Appeal to the Supreme Court
Article-135 Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court
Article-136 Supreme Court's special leave to appeal
Article-137 Review of judgments and orders
Article-138 Enhancement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
Article-139 Conferring on the Supreme Court the power to issue certain writs
Article-139A Transfer of certain judgments
Article-140 Ancillary powers of the Supreme Court
Article-141 Law declared by the Supreme Court to be binding on all courts
Article-142 Orders regarding enforcement and disclosure of decrees and orders of the Supreme Court, etc.
Article-143 Power of the President to consult the Supreme Court
Article-144 Assistance of the Supreme Court by civil and judicial officers
Article-145 Rules of Court etc
Article-146 Officers and servants and expenses of the Supreme Court
Article-147 Interpretation
Article-148 Comptroller and Auditor General of India
Article-149 Powers and Duties of the Comptroller and Auditor General
Article-150 Form of writing of the States of the Union
Article-151 Audit Report
Article-152 Definition
Article-153 Governors of the States
Article-154 Executive power of the state
Article-155 Appointment of the Governor
Article-156 Term of Office of the Governor
Article-157 Qualifications to be appointed as Governor
Article-158 Conditions for the office of the Governor
Article-159 Oath or Affirmation by the Governor
Article-160 Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies
Article 161 Explanation of the judicial power of the Governor i.e. powers of pardon etc.
Article-162 Extension of executive power of the state
Article-163 Council of Ministers to advise the Governor
Article-164 Other provisions as to ministers
Article-165 Advocate General of the State
Article-166 State government operations
Article-167 Duties of the Chief Minister with respect to furnishing information to the Governor
Article-168 Constitution of State Legislature
Article-169 Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in States
Article-170 Composition of Assemblies
Article-171 Composition of the Legislative Council
Article-172 Terms of State Legislatures
Article-173 Qualification for membership of the State Legislature
Article-174 Sessions, prorogation and dissolution of State Legislature
Article-175 Power of the Governor to address and send messages to the House or Houses
Article-176 Special Address by the Governor
Article-177 Powers of the Ministers and the Advocate General as to the Houses
Article-178 Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly
Article-179 vacation or removal from office of the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker
Article-180 The functions and powers of the office of the Speaker
Article-181 Chairman not to preside when a resolution is passed to remove the Deputy Chairman from office
Article-182 Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council
Article-183 Resignation or removal from office of the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman
Article-184 Performance of the duties and powers of the office of Chairman
Article-185 Chairman not to preside while the resolution for the removal of the Deputy Chairman is under consideration
Article-186 Salaries and allowances of the Speaker, Deputy Speaker and Deputy Speaker
Article-187 Power of the State Legislature.
Article-188 Oath or Affirmation by Members
Article-189 Power of the means to act and quorum notwithstanding vacancies in the Houses
Article-190 Vanity of places
Article-191 disqualify for membership
Article-192 Decision on questions relating to disqualifications of members
Article-193 before making or making an oath or affirmation under section 188 Penalty for sitting and voting while being or being disqualified
Article-194 Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Legislatures and of the members and committees
Article-195 Salaries and Allowances of Members
Article-196 Provisions regarding introduction and passing of Bills
Article-197 Restrictions on the powers of the Legislative Council in respect of Bills other than Money Bills
Article-198 Special procedure in respect of Money Bill
Article-199 Definition of money abroad
Article-200 permission on legislators
Article-201 Bill reserved for consideration
Article-202 Annual Financial Statement
Article-203 Procedure in respect of estimates in the Legislature
Article-204 Appropriation Bill
Article-205 Supplementary, additional or additional grants
Article-206 Vote on Account, Vote of Credit and Vote of Exception
Article-207 Special provision regarding Finance Bill
Article-208 Rules of Procedure
Article-209 Regulation by law of procedure in the Legislature of a State in relation to financial business
Article-210 Language used in the Legislature
Article-211 Restriction on discussion in the Legislature
Article-212 Courts not to inquire into the proceedings of the Legislature
Article-213 Power of the Governor to verify ordinances in the Legislature
Article-214 High Court for the States
Article-215 High Courts to be courts of record
Article-216 Constitution of High Court
Article-217 Terms and Conditions of appointment of a High Court Judge
Article-218 Application of certain provisions relating to the Supreme Court to the High Courts
Article-219 Oath or affirmation by Judges of High Courts
Article-220 Restriction on practice after being a permanent judge
Article-221 Salaries of judges
Article-222 Transfer of judges from one court to another
Article-223 Appointment of Acting Chief Justice Murthy
Article-224 Appointment of other judges
Article-225 Jurisdiction of existing High Courts
Article-226 Power of High Court to issue certain writs
Article-227 Power of the High Court of superintendence over all courts
Article-228 Transfer of certain cases to the High Court
Article-229 Officers and servants and expenses of the High Courts
Article-230 Establishment of Union Territory Court of Judicature of High Courts
Article-231 Establishment of a common High Court for two or more states
Article-233 Appointment of District Judges
Article-234 Recruitment of persons other than district judges to the judicial service
Article-235 Control over subordinate courts
Article-236 Interpretation
Article-237 Application of the provisions of this Chapter to certain class or classes of Magistrates
Article-238 revoked
Article-239 Administration of Union Territories
Article-239A Creation of local Legislatures or Council of Ministers or both for certain Union Territories
Article-239A Power of the Administrator to promulgate Ordinances during the recess of the Legislatures
Article-240 Power of the President to make regulations for certain Union territories
Article-241 High-Court for Union Territories
Article-242 repeal
Article-243 Definitions of Panchayat
Article-244 Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas
Article-244A Formation of an autonomous State comprising certain tribal areas of Assam and creation of a local Legislature or Council of Ministers or both
Article-245 Extent of laws made by Parliament and State Legislatures
Article-246 Subject to laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States
Article-247 Power of Parliament to provide for the establishment of certain additional Courts
Article-248 residuary legislative powers
Article-249 Power of Parliament to legislate in the national interest with respect to a subject in the State List
Article-250 Power of Parliament to make laws with respect to a matter in the State List if a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation
Article-251 Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament under articles 249 and 250 and laws made by the Legislatures of States
Article-252 Power of Parliament to make laws for two or more states by consent
Article-253 Legislation to give effect to international agreements
Article-254 Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by state legislatures
Article-255  Considering the requirements regarding recommendations and prior approvals only as a matter of procedure
Article-256 Obligation of the States and the Union
Article-257 Control of the Union over the States in certain cases
Article-258 Power of the Union to confer powers on States in certain cases, etc.
Article-259 repeal
Article-260 Jurisdiction of the Union in relation to territories outside India
Article-261 Public Works, Records and Judicial Proceedings
Article-262 Adjudication of disputes relating to water of inter-state rivers or river basins
Article-263 Constitution of Interstate Development Council
Article-264 Interpretation
Article-265 Taxes not to be imposed except by authority of law
Article-266 Consolidated Fund
Article-267 Contingency Fund
Article-268 Dues levied by the Union but collected and appropriated by the States
Article-269 Taxes levied and collected by the Union but assigned to the States
Article-270 Taxes collected by the Union Taxes to be distributed between the Union and the States
Article-271 Surcharge for the purposes of the Union on certain duties and taxes
Article-272 Taxes which are levied by the Union and which may be distributed between the Union and the States
Article-273 Grant in lieu of export duty on jute and jute products
Article-274 Requirement of prior recommendation of the President for Bills affecting taxation in which the State is interested
Article-275 Union grants to certain states
Article-276 Taxes on professions, trades, occupations and employments
Article-277 Appendix
Article-278 (repealed)
Article-279 Calculation of net income etc
Article-280 Finance Commission
Article-281 Finance Commission recommendations
Article-282 Expenditure incurred by the Union or a State out of its own revenue
Article-283 Custody of moneys deposited in Consolidated Funds, Contingency Funds and Public Accounts, etc.
Article-284 Custody of deposits of litigants and other moneys received by public servants and courts
Article-285 Exemption from federal and state taxes on property
Article-286 Restriction as to the imposition of tax on the sale or purchase of goods
Article-287 Exemption from taxes on electricity
Article-288 Exemption in certain cases from taxation by States in respect of water or electricity
Article-289 Exemption of the property and income of the states from union and taxation
Article-290 Adjustments in respect of certain expenses and pensions
Article-290A Annual payment to certain Devaswom funds
Article-291 (repealed)
Article-292 Borrowing by the Government of India
Article-293 Borrowing by the State
Article-294 Succession to property, assets, rights, liabilities and obligations in certain cases
Article-295 Succession to property, assets, rights, liabilities and obligations in other cases
Article-296 Property accruing by way of encroachment or lapsing or becoming de-owner
Article-297 Vesting in the Union of things of value and exclusive economic zone property resources situated in the State territorial sea or continental shelf land
Article-298 power to trade etc
Article-299 Contracts
Article-300 Suits and Proceedings
Article-300A property rights
Article-301 Freedom of trade, commerce and association
Article-302 Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse
Article-303 Restrictions on the legislative powers of the Union and the States with respect to trade and commerce
Article-304 Restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse between states
Article-305 Existence of existing laws and laws providing for state monopolies
Article-306 (repealed)
Article-307 Appointment of authority for carrying out the purposes of articles 301 to 304.
Article-308 Interpretation
Article-309 Recruitment and conditions of service of persons serving the State
Article-310 Term of office of persons serving the Union or a State
Article-311 Dismissal or removal from office or reduction in rank of persons employed in a civil capacity under the Union or a State
Article-312 all  Indian Services
Article-313 Transitional Provisions
Article-313A Power of Parliament to vary or revoke the conditions of service of officers of certain services
Article-314 repeal
Article-315 Public Service Commission for the Union Territory
Article-316 Appointment and term of office of members
Article-317 Removal or suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission
Article-318 Power to make regulations regarding conditions of service of members and employees of the Commission
Article-319 Prohibition in respect of members of the Commission holding office on ceasing to be such members
Article-320 Functions of Public Service Commission
Article-321 Power to extend the functions of Public Service Commissions
Article-322 Expenses of Public Service Commissions
Article-323 Reports of Public Service Commissions
Article-323A Administrative Tribunal
Article-323B Tribunals for other subjects
Article-324 The superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in the Election Commission
Article-325 No person on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex to be ineligible for inclusion in the electoral roll and not to claim inclusion in any particular electoral roll
Article-326 Elections to the House of the People and the Legislative Assemblies of the States to be on the basis of adult suffrage
Article-327 Power of Parliament to make provision with respect to elections to the Legislature
Article-328 Power of a State Legislature to make provisions with respect to elections to that Legislature
Article-329 Court's intervention in election related matters
Article-330 Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha
Article-331 Representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha
Article-332 Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the State Legislative Assembly
Article-333 Representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the State Legislative Assembly
Article-334 Reservation of seats and special representation to cease after sixty years
Article-335 Scheduled Castes for services and posts and Scheduled Tribes Claims
Article-336  Special provision for Anglo-Indian community in certain services
Article-337 Special provision for educational grants and for the benefit of the Anglo-Indian community
Article-338 National Commission for Scheduled Castes
Article-338A National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
Article-339 Union control over the administration of the Scheduled Areas and the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes
Article-340 Appointment of a commission to inquire into the conditions of the backward classes
Article-341 Scheduled Castes
Article-342 Scheduled Tribes
Article-343 Definition of union
Article-344 Commission and Committee of Parliament on Official Language
Article-345 The official language or languages of the State
Article-346 The official language of communication between one State and another State or between a State and the Union
Article-347 Special provision with respect to language spoken by any section of the population of a State
Article-348 Language to be used in the Supreme Court and High Courts and for Acts, Bills, etc.
Article-349 Special procedure for enacting certain laws relating to language
Article-350 Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances
Article-350A Facilities for instruction in mother tongue at the primary stage
Article-350A Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities
Article-351 Instructions for the development of Hindi language
Article-352 Effect of Proclamation of Emergency
Article-353 Effect of Proclamation of Emergency
Article-354 Application of provisions relating to distribution of revenues while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation
Article-355 Duty of the Union to protect the State from external aggression and internal disturbance
Article-356 Provision in case of failure of constitutional machinery in the State
Article-357 Exercise of legislative powers under Proclamation made under article 356
Article-358 Suspension of the provisions of article 19 during emergency
Article-359 Suspension of enforcement of rights conferred by Part III during emergencies
Article-359A (repealed)
Article-360 Provisions regarding financial emergency
Article-361 Protection of the President and Governors and Rajpramukhs
Article-361A Protection of publication of proceedings of Parliament and State Legislatures
Article-361A Disqualification for appointment to political office of profit
Article-362 (repealed)
Article-363 Bar to interference by courts in disputes arising out of certain treaties, agreements, etc.
Article-363A Abolition of recognition and end of personal titles given to rulers of princely states
Article-364 Special provision regarding major ports and aerodromes
Article-365 Proportion of directions given by the Union Effect of failure to make or give effect to the loan
Article-366 Definitions
Article-367 Interpretation
Article-368 Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and its procedure
Article-369 Temporary power of Parliament to make laws with respect to certain subjects in the State List as if they were subjects in the Concurrent List
Article-370 Temporary provision with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir
Article-371 Special provision with respect to the States of Maharashtra and Gujarat
Article-372 Continuance and adaptation of existing methods
Article-372A Power of the President to adapt laws
Article-373 Power of the President to make orders in respect of persons under preventive detention in certain cases
Article-374 Provisions as to Judges of the Federal Court and proceedings pending in the Federal Court or before Her Majesty in Council
Article-375 Courts, authorities and officers to continue to function subject to the provisions of the Constitution
Article-376 Provision as to Judges of High Courts.
Article-377 Provisions as to the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
Article-378 Provisions as to Public Service Commissions.
Article-378A Special provision as to the duration of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.
Articles-379 to 391  (cancelled).
Article-392 Power of the President to remove difficulties.
Article-393 Short name.
Article-394 Begin.
Article-394A The President shall, under his authority, cause this Constitution to be translated into the Hindi language.
Article-395  (cancelled).

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Indian Constitution FAQs:

Financial emergency can be declared in the country on the basis of Article 360 of the constitution. Under this article, the President can, on the recommendation of the Finance Minister, declare a financial emergency if the financial situation in the country becomes extremely serious and threatens to undermine national security or economic stability.

Article 148 - The Comptroller and Auditor General of India shall be a Comptroller and Auditor General of India who shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal and shall be removed from office only in such manner and on such grounds as the Supreme Court may The judge is removed.

In Article-1 of the Constitution, Bharat means India will be a Union of States. and the other States and the territories thereof shall be such as are specified in the said First Schedule.

The parliamentary system in India has been taken from the British constitution. The Council of Ministers is the real executive body of the Indian political system, headed by the Prime Minister. Article 74 of our constitution mentions about the constitution of the Council of Ministers while Article 75 deals with the appointment of ministers, their tenure, responsibility, oath, qualification and salary and allowances of ministers.

In the Constitution of India, 'Right to Constitutional Remedies' is given in Article-32. It is referred to by Dr. Ambedkar as "the soul of the Constitution and exceptionally its heart". The Preeminent Court has included this in the Basic Structure Regulation.

  Last update :  Sat 15 Apr 2023
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