What is Non-Aligned Summit?
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organization of nations. The Non-Aligned Summit is the largest gathering of countries after the United Nations Organizations. The Non-Aligned Movement is an important forum for dialogue with partner countries across the continent.
History of Non-Aligned Summit:
All the countries that come under the Non-Aligned Summit have decided that they will not be with or against any power bloc in the world. This movement has been started by the Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the former President of Egypt, Gamal Abdel Nasser and the President of Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito. It was established in the year 1961. As of 2012, the number of members of the Non-Aligned Summit has gone up to 120. The Non-Aligned Movement has 53 members from Africa, 39 from Asia, 26 from Latin America and the Caribbean, and 2 from Europe (Belarus, Azerbaijan). 17 countries and 10 international organizations have been observers of the Non-Aligned Movement.
Role of India in Non-Aligned Summit:
The former Vice President of India, Mr. Hamid Ansari, led the Indian delegation to the 17th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) to be held on the island of Margretia in Venezuela. India is one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement and India hosted the 7th Non-Aligned Summit in 1983 in New Delhi.
List of Non-Aligned Movement Summits (1961 to present):
|Date||Location (City & Country)|
|First||01 to 06 September 1961||Belgrade, Yugoslavia|
|Second||05 to 10 October 1964||Cairo, United Arab Republic|
|Third||08 to 10 September 1970||Lusaka, Zambia|
|Fourth||05 to 09 September 1973||Algiers, Algeria|
|Fifth||16 to 19 August 1976||Colombo, Sri Lanka|
|Sixth||03 to 09 September 1979||Havana, Cuba|
|Seventh||07 to 12 March 1983||New Delhi, India|
|Eighth||01 to 06 September 1986||Harare, Zimbabwe|
|Ninth||04 to 07 September 1989||Belgrade, Yugoslavia|
|Tenth||01 to 06 September 1992||Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Eleventh||18 to 20 October 1995||Cartagina de Indias, Colombia|
|Twelfth||02 to 03 September 1998||Durban, South Africa|
|Thirteenth||20 to 25 February 2003||Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|Fourteenth||15 to 16 September 2006||Havana, Cuba|
|Fifteenth||11 to 16 July 2009||Sharm El Sheik, Egypt|
|Sixteenth||26 to 31 August 2012||Tehran, Iran|
|Seventeenth||13 to 18 September 2016||Caracas, Venezuela|
|Eighteenth||25 to 26 October 2019||Azerbaijan|
|Nineteenth||At the end of 2023||Uganda|
- The Virtual Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Liaison Group Summit on "United Against COVID-19" was organized through video conferencing in the year 2020.
- Apart from this, 30 heads of state and other leaders attended the summit. The summit was also addressed by the President of the United Nations General Assembly and the head of the World Health Organization (WHO). This was the first time that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had attended the NAM summit since assuming office in 2014.
s. Bandaranaike (Sri Lanka)
Jawaharlal Nehru, Gamal Abdul Nasser and Marcel Tito
neutrality towards power blocs
Power groups per neutrality