What is Non-Aligned Summit?

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organization of nations. The Non-Aligned Summit is the largest gathering of countries after the United Nations Organizations. The Non-Aligned Movement is an important forum for dialogue with partner countries across the continent.

History of Non-Aligned Summit:

All the countries that come under the Non-Aligned Summit have decided that they will not be with or against any power bloc in the world. This movement has been started by the Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the former President of Egypt, Gamal Abdel Nasser and the President of Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito. It was established in the year 1961. As of 2012, the number of members of the Non-Aligned Summit has gone up to 120. The Non-Aligned Movement has 53 members from Africa, 39 from Asia, 26 from Latin America and the Caribbean, and 2 from Europe (Belarus, Azerbaijan). 17 countries and 10 international organizations have been observers of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Role of India in Non-Aligned Summit:

The former Vice President of India, Mr. Hamid Ansari, led the Indian delegation to the 17th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) to be held on the island of Margretia in Venezuela. India is one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement and India hosted the 7th Non-Aligned Summit in 1983 in New Delhi.

List of Non-Aligned Movement Summits (1961 to present):

Date Location (City & Country)
First 01 to 06 September 1961 Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Second 05 to 10 October 1964 Cairo, United Arab Republic
Third 08 to 10 September 1970 Lusaka, Zambia
Fourth 05 to 09 September 1973 Algiers, Algeria
Fifth 16 to 19 August 1976 Colombo, Sri Lanka
Sixth 03 to 09 September 1979 Havana, Cuba
Seventh 07 to 12 March 1983 New Delhi, India
Eighth 01 to 06 September 1986 Harare, Zimbabwe
Ninth 04 to 07 September 1989 Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Tenth 01 to 06 September 1992 Jakarta, Indonesia
Eleventh 18 to 20 October 1995 Cartagina de Indias, Colombia
Twelfth 02 to 03 September 1998 Durban, South Africa
Thirteenth 20 to 25 February 2003 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Fourteenth 15 to 16 September 2006 Havana, Cuba
Fifteenth 11 to 16 July 2009 Sharm El Sheik, Egypt
Sixteenth 26 to 31 August 2012 Tehran, Iran
Seventeenth 13 to 18 September 2016 Caracas, Venezuela
Eighteenth 25 to 26 October 2019 Azerbaijan
Nineteenth At the end of 2023 Uganda
  • The Virtual Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Liaison Group Summit on "United Against COVID-19" was organized through video conferencing in the year 2020.
  • Apart from this, 30 heads of state and other leaders attended the summit. The summit was also addressed by the President of the United Nations General Assembly and the head of the World Health Organization (WHO). This was the first time that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had attended the NAM summit since assuming office in 2014.

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S. Bandaranaike was the first woman president of the Non-Aligned Movement. Sirimavo Bandaranaike was a noted Sri Lankan politician and the first woman prime minister of the modern world. She was the leader of the Freedom Party of Sri Lanka.

The beginning of the Non-Aligned Movement is considered to be the friendship between Joseph Brash Tito of Yugoslavia, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru of India and Gamal Abdul Nasser of Egypt. A successful meeting was organized by these three countries in the year 1956.

Non-alignment basically means neutrality towards power blocs. The Non-Aligned Movement was established in 1961 and its The first conference was held in Belgrade.

The first conference of the Non-Aligned Movement was held in Belgrade (Yugoslavia) in the year 1961, in which 25 countries of the world participated. Presently 120 countries of the world are active members of this group.

India follows a policy of non-alignment, which means it maintains neutrality and avoids joining any military alliance or bloc. Non-alignment is a foreign policy approach where a country asserts its independence, sovereignty and autonomy in international relations.

  Last update :  Tue 16 Aug 2022
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  Post Category :  World Politics