What is National Education Policy / National Education Policy 2020?
New changes have been made in the country's education policy after 34 years and with this, in a major decision, the cabinet has renamed the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) as the Ministry of Education. The 10+2 format has been abolished in the new education policy. For the last 34 years, the school curriculum in the country runs on the basis of 10+2 but now it will be on the basis of 5+ 3+ 3+ 4. In which there will be one part from primary class to second grade, second part from third grade to fifth grade, third part from sixth grade to eighth grade and the last part from ninth grade to 12.
Foundation Stage: First three years children will get pre-schooling education in Anganwadi after which two years children will study in class I and II. A new curriculum will be prepared by the government for these five years of studies. Children in the age group of 3 years to 8 years will be taken in this. At the top, the focus will be on giving activity based education to the children. Thus the first five-year phase of studies will be completed.
Preparatory Stage: In this stage, there will be studies from class three to five. During this time, the children will be taught science, art, maths etc. by the teachers. In this, children in the age group of eight to 11 years will be covered in it.
Middle Stage: Classes 6-8 will be taught and children in the age group of 11-14 years will be covered. Subject based curriculum will be taught in these classes. Skill development courses will also start from class 6th onwards.
Secondary Stage: Classes 9 to 12 will be studied in two phases in which the subjects will be thoroughly studied. There will also be freedom to choose subjects.
History of National Education Policy:
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first education minister of India, envisaged strong central government control over education with a uniform educational system throughout the country. The Central Government established the University Education Commission (1948–1949), the Secondary Education Commission (1952–1953), the University Grants Commission and the Kothari Commission (1964–66) to develop proposals to modernize India's education system. . Based on the report and recommendations of the Kothari Commission (1964–1966), Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's government announced the first National Policy on Education in 1968, which called for "radical restructuring" and equal educational opportunities to achieve this. proposed. National integration and greater cultural and economic development. The policy calls for the completion of compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14, as prescribed by the Constitution of India. In 1986, the Rajiv Gandhi-led government introduced a new national policy on education. The new policy called for a "special emphasis on removing inequalities and equalizing educational opportunity, particularly for Indian women, Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Scheduled Caste (SC) communities." The National Policy on Education was adopted in 1986. It was amended in 1992 by the PV Narasimha Rao government.
Features of National Education Policy 2020
The biggest feature of this policy is that school education, higher education as well as vocational education like agricultural education, legal education, medical education and technical education have been brought under its ambit. All subjects like arts, music, crafts, sports, yoga, community service will also be included in the curriculum. These will not be called adjunct courses.
Objectives of National Education Policy 2020:
- Its main objective is to connect students directly to any life skill along with studies.
- By 2030, 'Bal Bhavan' will be established in every district as a special boarding school to participate in arts, career and sports-related activities.
- To increase the Gross Enrollment Ratio in higher education including vocational education from 26.3 percent (2018) to 50 percent by 2035. 3.5 crore new seats will be added in higher education institutions.
- Mother tongue will be a medium of instruction till class 5th until the report card will be a comprehensive report on skills and abilities rather than just marks and statements.
- By 2040, all higher education institutions (HEIs) will aim to become multidisciplinary institutions, each targeting 3,000 or more students.
- By 2030, every district will have or have at least one large multidisciplinary HEI. It aims to increase the Gross Enrollment Ratio in higher education in which vocational education will be increased from 26.3% (2018) to 50% by 2035.
- The BOC degree introduced in 2013 will continue to exist, but professional courses will also be available to students enrolled in all other bachelor's degree programs, including the four-year multidisciplinary bachelor's program.
- 'Lok Vidya', i.e., important business knowledge developed in India, will be made accessible to the students through integration in vocational education courses.
- Pre-school classes covering at least one year of early childhood care and education will be added to Kendriya Vidyalaya and other primary schools around the country.
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