Name and tenure of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India:

What is or is called the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)?

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India is commonly known as 'CAG'. It is an authority established by Chapter 5 of the Constitution of India, which accounts for the income and expenditure of the Government of India and all the Territorial Governments. He also accounts for the companies owned by the government. His report is taken up by the Public Accounts Committees. The Comptroller and Auditor General is also the head of the Indian Audit and Accounts Service.

This institution brings to light the cases of wastage of public money from time to time. Articles 148 to 151 of the Constitution of India describe the powers and functions of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG). Presently there are more than 58,000 employees working in this public organization across India. The office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India is located at 9 Deendayal Upadhyay Marg in New Delhi.

Important facts about the Comptroller and Auditor General:

  • The CAG is appointed by the President of India and will be removed from his office only on the same grounds as a Supreme Court judge.
  • The CAG is responsible for auditing the accounts of expenditure of the Government of India and the State Government, ensuring that funds are used judiciously, through lawful means and also checks for financial irregularities.
  • According to Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, the CAG is the fourth pillar of the Indian Constitution, the other three being the Supreme Court, Public Service Commission, Election Commission.
  • The tenure, salary and retirement age of the CAG will be determined in accordance with the law passed by the Parliament. The tenure of the CAG is 6 years and the age of retirement is 65 years.
  • After the matter is in the hands of the CAG, he is not entitled to hold any other government or public post.
  • A person appointed as a CAG takes oath before the President before assuming his office as per the purpose given in the Third Schedule.

Duties and Powers of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India:

Article 149 authorizes the Parliament to determine the duties and powers of the CAG. He audits the Consolidated Fund of India and the Consolidated Fund of each State and the Consolidated Fund of each Union Territory. Similarly, audits the expenditure of each state and the Contingency Fund of India. He audits the receipts and expenditure of each state and the center for its own assurance. and rules and procedures designed to ensure effective examination of irregular spending. The functions of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India are given.

The CAG audits the expenditure and receipts of:-

  • Government company.
  • All institutions and administrations financed from the revenues of the Central and the States.
  • Other entities, as and when required by law.
  • He audits the accounts of any other institution on the request of the President or the Governor.
  • He submits the report of the accounts of the Center to the President who presents it to the Parliament.

Comptroller and Auditor General 2023:

Girish Chandra Murmu is the 14th Comptroller and Auditor General of India and the external auditor of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. He is also the Chairman of the United Nations Panel of External Auditors and was the Lieutenant Governor of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir till August 2020.

He is a 1985 batch Indian Administrative Service officer of Gujarat cadre and was the Principal Secretary during the Chief Minister of Gujarat, Narendra Modi.

List of Comptroller and Auditor General of India 2023:

Name Tenure period (from how long)
V. Narahari Rao 1948-1954
A.K. Chandra 1954-1960
A.K. Roy 1960-1966
S. Ranganathan 1966-1972
A. Bakshi 1972-1978
Gyan Prakash 1978-1984
T. N. chaturvedi 1984-1990
C. G. Somiya 1990-1996
V.K. shunglu 1996-2002
VN Kaul 2002-2008
Vinodarai 2008-2013
Shashikant Sharma 2013-2017
Rajiv Mehrishi 24 Sep 2017-07 Aug 2020
Girish Chandra Murmu 08 August 2020-Present

Frequently Asked question:

  1. Who appoints the Comptroller and Auditor General? The Comptroller and Auditor General of India functions as an independent body and is not controlled by the government. The Control and Auditor General of India is appointed by the President. The Comptroller and Auditor General is also the head of the Indian Audit and Accounts Service.
  2. How is the Comptroller and Auditor General removed? There shall be a Comptroller and Auditor-General of India to be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal, and shall be removed from his office only in the manner and on such grounds as and on the grounds on which a Judge of the Supreme Court is removed.
  3. When was the CAG established? The CAG was established in the year 1858.
  4. Who was the first Comptroller and Auditor General of India? The first Comptroller and Auditor General of India was V. Narahari Rao. Who was made the first Comptroller and Auditor General of India in the year 1948.
  5. Who is the Comptroller and Auditor General 2022? Shri Girish Chandra Murmu has assumed charge as the Comptroller and Auditor General of India on 8 August 2020.

Now practice related questions and see what you learnt?

Auditor General of India GK Questions and Answers 🔗

Read also:

FAQs:

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India is appointed by the President of India. This appointment is done according to Article 148 of the Constitution. The office bearers of the President follow the process of selection and appointment for this task.

Shashi Kant Sharma was appointed as the new Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India in May 2013.

Institutions like Supreme Court, Election Commission, Union Public Service Commission, Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General have one characteristic in common, that is, they are all constitutional institutions. Constitutional institutions are those institutions which have been described under the Constitution of India. That is, the functions, powers and other mentions related to these institutions have been made under any special part and special article in 22 parts and 395 articles of the Constitution of India.

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) serves as the chief accountant and auditor for the Government of India. He has to examine the national financial management, evaluate and control government accounts, check government expenditure, etc.

The tenure of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India is usually 6 years. They are appointed by the commission and cannot be transferred. However, it can be terminated by the judge for any other reason.

  Last update :  Sat 8 Apr 2023
  Post Views :  25759
  Post Category :  Government Organizations