Name and tenure of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India:
What is or is called the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)?
The Comptroller and Auditor General of India is commonly known as 'CAG'. It is an authority established by Chapter 5 of the Constitution of India, which accounts for the income and expenditure of the Government of India and all the Territorial Governments. He also accounts for the companies owned by the government. His report is taken up by the Public Accounts Committees. The Comptroller and Auditor General is also the head of the Indian Audit and Accounts Service.
This institution brings to light the cases of wastage of public money from time to time. Articles 148 to 151 of the Constitution of India describe the powers and functions of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG). Presently there are more than 58,000 employees working in this public organization across India. The office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India is located at 9 Deendayal Upadhyay Marg in New Delhi.
Important facts about the Comptroller and Auditor General:
- The CAG is appointed by the President of India and will be removed from his office only on the same grounds as a Supreme Court judge.
- The CAG is responsible for auditing the accounts of expenditure of the Government of India and the State Government, ensuring that funds are used judiciously, through lawful means and also checks for financial irregularities.
- According to Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, the CAG is the fourth pillar of the Indian Constitution, the other three being the Supreme Court, Public Service Commission, Election Commission.
- The tenure, salary and retirement age of the CAG will be determined in accordance with the law passed by the Parliament. The tenure of the CAG is 6 years and the age of retirement is 65 years.
- After the matter is in the hands of the CAG, he is not entitled to hold any other government or public post.
- A person appointed as a CAG takes oath before the President before assuming his office as per the purpose given in the Third Schedule.
Duties and Powers of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India:
Article 149 authorizes the Parliament to determine the duties and powers of the CAG. He audits the Consolidated Fund of India and the Consolidated Fund of each State and the Consolidated Fund of each Union Territory. Similarly, audits the expenditure of each state and the Contingency Fund of India. He audits the receipts and expenditure of each state and the center for its own assurance. and rules and procedures designed to ensure effective examination of irregular spending. The functions of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India are given.
The CAG audits the expenditure and receipts of:-
- Government company.
- All institutions and administrations financed from the revenues of the Central and the States.
- Other entities, as and when required by law.
- He audits the accounts of any other institution on the request of the President or the Governor.
- He submits the report of the accounts of the Center to the President who presents it to the Parliament.
Comptroller and Auditor General 2023:
Girish Chandra Murmu is the 14th Comptroller and Auditor General of India and the external auditor of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. He is also the Chairman of the United Nations Panel of External Auditors and was the Lieutenant Governor of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir till August 2020.
He is a 1985 batch Indian Administrative Service officer of Gujarat cadre and was the Principal Secretary during the Chief Minister of Gujarat, Narendra Modi.
List of Comptroller and Auditor General of India 2023:
|Name||Tenure period (from how long)|
|V. Narahari Rao||1948-1954|
|T. N. chaturvedi||1984-1990|
|C. G. Somiya||1990-1996|
|Rajiv Mehrishi||24 Sep 2017-07 Aug 2020|
|Girish Chandra Murmu||08 August 2020-Present|
Frequently Asked question:
- Who appoints the Comptroller and Auditor General? The Comptroller and Auditor General of India functions as an independent body and is not controlled by the government. The Control and Auditor General of India is appointed by the President. The Comptroller and Auditor General is also the head of the Indian Audit and Accounts Service.
- How is the Comptroller and Auditor General removed? There shall be a Comptroller and Auditor-General of India to be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal, and shall be removed from his office only in the manner and on such grounds as and on the grounds on which a Judge of the Supreme Court is removed.
- When was the CAG established? The CAG was established in the year 1858.
- Who was the first Comptroller and Auditor General of India? The first Comptroller and Auditor General of India was V. Narahari Rao. Who was made the first Comptroller and Auditor General of India in the year 1948.
- Who is the Comptroller and Auditor General 2022? Shri Girish Chandra Murmu has assumed charge as the Comptroller and Auditor General of India on 8 August 2020.