International Tiger Day Quick Facts
|International Tiger Day ()
|Tiger convention organized in St.Petersburg city
International Tiger Day Brief
Every year on 29th July 'World Tiger Day' is celebrated all over the world. Due to poaching and deforestation, there has been a significant decline in the number of tigers in many countries of the world. The purpose of celebrating this day is to promote awareness about the conservation, expansion and status of wild tiger habitats around the world.
More info about International Tiger Day
What is the World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF)?
The World Wildlife Fund for Nature is an international non-governmental organization that works for the conservation of wildlife. It was established on 29th April, 1961. Its headquarters are located in Rue Mauverny, Switzerland. The purpose of this organization is to conserve wildlife and reduce the impact of humans on the environment. The WWF publishes the Living Planet Report every two years since 1998.
Main species of Tigers:
Presently the number of tigers is at its lowest level. Some species of tigers have already become extinct. There are many types of tigers found all over the world. Among these 6 species are the main ones. These include the Siberian tiger, Bengal tiger, Indochinese tiger, Malayan tiger, Sumatran tiger and South China tiger.
Bengal Tiger: The Bengal tiger or Panthera tigris is one of the most beautiful species in nature. It is a subspecies of the tiger family and is found in the regions of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and South Tibet.
In view of its bravery, beauty and powerful form, the Bengal tiger has also been awarded the honor of the national animal of India. Compared to other animals, the power of seeing and hearing of tigers is much more.
Indochinese Tiger: Indochinese Tiger This species of tiger is found only in the countries of Thailand, Cambodia, China, Burma and Vietnam. Tigers of this species live only in the mountains.
Malayan Tiger: The Malayan Tiger is a species of tiger found in the Malay Peninsula.
Siberia Tiger: The species of Siberia tiger is found in the forests of Amar-Usar in the far eastern region of Siberia. It is found in small numbers in the Hunchun National Siberian Tiger Nature Reserve in north-east China near the border with North Korea, and some numbers are also found in the Russian Far East.
Sumatran Tigers: These tigers are found only in Sumatra, Iceland. In 1998 it was listed as a distinct subspecies. This species is also included in the endangered species of India.
South China Tiger: South China tiger Male tigers of this species have a length of 230 to 260 cm and a weight of about 130 to 180 kg. At the same time, the length of the female tiger is 220 to 240 cm and weight is about 100 to 110 kg.
The main reasons for the decrease in tiger population are:
In the year 1915, the total number of tigers was one lakh. According to the 2016 data of 'World Wildlife Fund' and 'Global Tiger Forum', there are only about 6000 tigers left in the whole world, thus we can say that in the last 100 years, about 97% of the tiger population has been wiped out.
India is one of the countries that has the largest population of tigers. As of the year 2016, there are 3,891 tigers in India. India, Nepal, Russia and Bhutan have recorded an increase in the number of tigers in the recent past. Tiger is the national animal of India. The tiger is a symbol of strength, pride, alertness, intelligence and endurance of the country. The tiger is a symbol of the Indian subcontinent and is found throughout the country except the North-Western region.
The main reason for the decline in the tiger population is the expansion of cities and agriculture by humans, due to which 93% of the natural habitat of tigers has been lost. Poaching of tigers is also a major reason, due to which tigers have now come under the IUCN endangered category.
Tiger skin, bones and other body parts are used to make traditional medicines. Apart from this, climate change is also a major factor, due to which the population of wild tigers is decreasing. The sea level is rising due to climate change, which threatens the extinction of forests.
Often they were killed for the purposes of sport, hunting, tradition and medicine, but now those who hunt them are sentenced to years in prison.
Interesting facts about Tigers:
- The tiger easily catches its prey with the help of its strong legs. But do you know that the legs of a tiger are so strong, that it can stand even after death.
- If you ever encounter a tiger and if you look directly into the eyes of a tiger, it will think before attacking you, or it may even change its intention to attack you.
- When tigers are born they are blind, tigers cannot see for a week after their birth. At the same time, more than half of the tigers die in puberty.
- Tigers can jump up to 5 meters in height and they can also jump up to 6 meters in width.
- The weight of a tiger is up to 300 kg. At the same time, their brain is of 300 grams.
- Tigers are excellent swimmers. He can swim comfortably up to a distance of 6 km.
- About 100 years ago, 9 subspecies of tiger were found. In the last 80 years, three subspecies of tigers have disappeared and today only 6 species remain.
- You must be aware that tigers roar very fast. But do you know that the roar of a Bengal tiger can be easily heard even at a distance of up to 2 kilometers at night.
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