1774 in History – What happened in year 1774

✅ Published on April 1st, 2009 in 18th Century in History

In history, year 1774 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1774.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1774 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
21 julyThe Russo-Turkish War officially ended after the Russian Empireand the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca, with thelatter ceding parts of the Yedisan region to the former.
01 augustBritish scientist Joseph Priestley liberated oxygen gas,corroborating the discovery of this element by German-Swedish chemistCarl Wilhelm Scheele.
01 septemberThomas Gage, royal governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, ordered soldiers to remove gunpowder from a magazine, causing Patriots to prepare for war.
04 septemberBritish explorer James Cook became the first European to sightthe island of New Caledonia.
05 septemberIn response to the British Parliament enacting the IntolerableActs, representatives from twelve of Britain's North American coloniesconvened the First Continental Congress at Carpenters' Hall inPhiladelphia.
29 septemberThe publication of The Sorrows of Young Werther raised the 24-year-old Johann Wolfgang von Goethe to international fame.
31 MayFirst Postal Service Office opened in India.
20 OctoberCalcutta (now Kolkata) was made the capital of India.
06 DecemberAustria became the first country to implement the state education system.
13 DecemberThe first incident of the American Revolution occurred.
07 MarchBritain's Boston Port closed to all commercial activity.
31 MarchPostal service started in India, first post office opened.
30 JanuaryCaptain James Cook reached 71 ° 10 \ 'south, 1820 km from the South Pole.
10 FebruaryAndrew Baker participated in a diving suit demonstration.
13 MarchFirst Postal Service Office opened in India.
17 AprilThe first explicitly Unitarian mandala of the Ascest Street Chapel in London was established by Theophilus Lindsey.
10 MayLouis XVI became King of France after the death of his grandfather, Louis XV.
31 JuneBritisse America's colony Road Ireland banned slavery. He was the first colony to do so.
12 JulyCitizens of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, passed the symbolic Declaration of Independence.
06 AugustMother Ann Lee, the founder of the Shekhar movement, immigrated to New York.
05 SeptemberThe First Continental Congress united in Philadelphia.
14 OctoberThe First Continental Congress declared colonial rights in Philadelphia.
17 NovemberThe First City Troop was built in the halls of the Philadelphia City Caverly Carpenter. Philadelphia - Oldest US Military Unit
13 DecemberThe first incident of the American Revolution - 400 attacks on FT William and Mary in New Hampshire.


Famous birthdays in the year 1774:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 January André Marie Constant Duméril / Academic / France
02 JuneWilliam Lawson / Politician / United Kingdom
05 SeptemberCaspar David Friedrich / Painter / Germany
05 March Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse / Composer / Denmark
07 MayWilliam Bainbridge / Soldier / United States of America
12 MayEllis Cunliffe Lister / Politician / United Kingdom
12 AugustRobert Southey / Poet / United Kingdom
14 SeptemberLord William Bentinck / Politician / United Kingdom
16 March Matthew Flinders / Navigator / United Kingdom
16 February Pierre Rode / Violinist / France
17 JulyJohn Wilbur / Politician / United States of America
18 AugustMeriwether Lewis / Soldier / United States of America
19 SeptemberGiuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti / Cardinal / Italy
20 JulyAuguste de Marmont / General / France
21 AprilJean-Baptiste Biot / Astronomer / France
21 JuneDaniel D. Tompkins / Politician / United States of America
24 JuneAntonio González de Balcarce / Politician / Argentina
24 JuneFrançois-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo / Engineer / France
26 SeptemberJohnny Appleseed / Gardener / United States of America
28 AugustElizabeth Ann Seton / Saint / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1774:

YearName / Profession / Country
14 SeptemberLord William Bentic / British soldier / India
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