1792 in History – What happened in year 1792

In history, year 1792 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1792.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1792:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
20 aprilAfter Foreign Minister Charles François Dumouriez presented the French Legislative Assembly with a long list of grievances against Austria, France declared war to begin the French Revolutionary Wars.
25 aprilThe guillotine was first used to carry out capital punishment in France, with crowds marvelling at the machine speed and precision.
25 aprilFrench composer Claude Joseph Rouget de L'isle wrote 'La Marseillaise', now the national anthem of France.
11 mayMerchant sea captain Robert Gray became the first recordedEuropean to navigate the Columbia River in what is now the PacificNorthwest United States.
17 mayTwenty-four stock brokers signed the Buttonwood Agreement toestablish the New York Stock Exchange.
04 juneRoyal Navy Captain George Vancouver claimed Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest for Great Britain.
02 septemberFrench Revolution-Due to an overwhelming fear that foreignarmies would attack Paris and prisoners would revolt, thousands ofpeople were summarily executed.
22 septemberFrench Revolution-One day after the National Convention votedto abolish the monarchy, the French First Republic came into being.
22 SeptemberThe establishment of the Republic of France was announced.
12 OctoberChristopher Columbus, who discovered America, was dedicated to the first memorial in Baltimore, Maryland.
29 FebruaryEmbryologist Karl Ernst von Baer was born, who discovered the mammal's egg in 1827. He told about the development of the fetus from the layers of tissues.
22 AprilUS President George Washington declared US neutrality in the War of Europe.
09 JanuaryJesse's treaty ended the Russian Empire's war with the Ottoman Empire over Croatia.
20 FebruaryThe Postal Services Act, the establishment of the United States Post Office Department, was signed by President George Washington.
01 MarchFrancis II took over as the last emperor of the Holy Roman Emperor.
02 AprilCoinage law was passed, the United States Mint was established.
17 MayFrom the beginning of the New York Stock Exchange, the Buttonwood Agreement was signed.
01 JuneKentucky became the 15th state in the United States.
08 JulyFrance declared war on Prussia.
13 AugustFrench royals were imprisoned, including the revolutionary Marie Antoinette.
22 SeptemberThe era of the historic French Republican calendar began.
12 OctoberThe first Columbus Day celebrations were held in the United States in New York City, 300 years after their arrival in the New World.
06 NovemberBattle of the Gemapps: French army defeated the Holy Roman Empire.
03 DecemberGeorge Washington was elected President of the United States.


Famous birthdays in the year 1792:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
04 AprilThaddeus Stevens / Politician / United States of America
05 OctoberJoseph Crosfield / Business Man / United Kingdom
07 DecemberAbraham Jacob van der Aa / Author / Netherlands
07 March John Herschel / Astronomer / United Kingdom
08 January Lowell Mason / Educator / United States of America
10 JulyGeorge M. Dallas / Politician / United States of America
12 DecemberAlexander Ypsilantis / Politician / Russia
12 January Johan August Arfwedson / Chemist / Sweden
14 January Christian de Meza / General / Denmark
16 JuneJohn Linnell / Painter / United Kingdom
18 OctoberLucas Alamán / Politician / Mexico
18 AugustJohn Russell / Politician / United Kingdom
20 February Eliza Courtney / Princess / France
20 DecemberNicolas Toussaint Charlet / Painter / France
22 JuneJames Beaumont Neilson / Engineer / Scotland
23 AprilThomas Romney Robinson / Physicist / Ireland
26 AugustManuel Oribe / Politician / Uruguay
26 SeptemberWilliam Hobson / Politician / New Zealand
28 NovemberVictor Cousin / Philosopher / France
28 February Karl Ernst von Baer / Biologist / Germany

By Suresh

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