1868 in History – What happened in year 1868

✅ Published on April 5th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1868 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1868.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1868 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
27 januaryBoshin War: The Battle of Toba–Fushimi, where pro-Imperial forces defeated those of the Tokugawa shogunate and which was a catalyst for the Meiji Restoration, began in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto.
24 februaryAndrew Johnson became the first U.S. President to be impeached.
10 aprilA British military expedition to Abyssinia culminated in a route of Ethiopians and the later suicide of Emperor Tewodros II.
14 mayBoshin War: Troops of the Tokugawa shogunate withdrew from the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle and retreated north towards Nikk? and Aizu.
23 juneChristopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention he called the "Type-Writer." Christopher Latham Sholes was an American inventor who invented the first practical typewriter and the QWERTY keyboard still in use today. He was also a newspaper publisher and Wisconsin politician.
09 julyThe Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution,including the Citizenship Clause and the Equal Protection Clause, wasratified by the minimum required twenty-eight U.S. states.
13 augustA major earthquake near Arica, Peru, caused an estimated 25,000casualties, and the subsequent tsunami caused considerable damage as faraway as Hawaii and New Zealand.
18 augustAstronomer Pierre Janssen discovered helium while analyzing thechromosphere of the sun during a total solar eclipse in Guntur, India.
23 septemberRamón Emeterio Betances led the Grito de Lares, a revoltagainst Spanish rule in Puerto Rico.
25 septemberThe Russian frigate Alexander Nevsky wrecked off northwesternJutland, nearly drowning Grand Duke Alexei.
07 octoberCornell University in Ithaca, New York, was inaugurated, withan initial enrollment of 412 students the next day.
23 JuneChristopher L. Sholes received a patent for a typewriter.
25 JuneUS President Andrew Johnson passed a law for government employees to work eight hours a day.
20 FebruaryThe first weekly issue of Amrit Bazar Patrika was published in Bengali.
10 AprilIn Ethiopia, the British and Indian Army defeated the army of Tavodroz II and 700 Ethiopians were killed in this war, while only two British-Indian soldiers were martyred.
16 JanuaryThe refrigerator car was patented by William Davis, a fish trader in Detroit.
10 FebruaryThe British War Office approved the formation of the Army Post Office Corps.
24 MarchThe Metropolitan Life Insurance Company was formed.
01 AprilHampton General and Agricultural Institute was established in the Hamptons of Virginia.
31 MayThe first popular bicycle race was held at Paris de Saint-Cloud.
02 JuneThe first Trades Union Congress was held in Manchester, England.
09 JulyThe Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution was approved.
13 AugustEarthquakes in Peru and Ecuador killed 25,000 people and caused $ 300 million in damage.
28 SeptemberThe Battle of Elkolle caused Spain's queen Isabella II to flee France.
28 OctoberThomas Edison made his first patent electric vote recorder.
03 NovemberUS presidential election 1868: Ulysses S. Grant defeated Hortio Seymour in the election.
05 DecemberThe first American Bicycle College opened.


Famous birthdays in the year 1868:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 AprilEdmond Rostand / Poet / France
04 OctoberMarcelo Torcuato de Alvear / Politician / Argentina
04 JulyHenrietta Swan Leavitt / Academic / United States of America
05 AugustOskar Merikanto / Composer / Finland
07 JuneCharles Rennie Mackintosh / Painter / Scotland
08 SeptemberSeth Weeks / Composer / United States of America
10 AugustHugo Eckener / Pilot / Germany
12 OctoberAugust Horch / Engineer / Germany
14 JulyGertrude Bell / Archaeologist / United Kingdom
16 AugustBernarr Macfadden / Publisher / United States of America
17 JulyHenri Nathansen / Director / Denmark
18 January Kantarō Suzuki / Politician / Japan
20 JulyMiron Cristea / Politician / Romania
21 AprilAlfred Henry Maurer / Painter / United States of America
22 SeptemberLouise McKinney / Politician / Canada
22 MayAugusto Pestana / Politician / Brazil
22 March Robert Andrews Millikan / Physicist / United States of America
23 February W. E. B. Du Bois / Historian / United States of America
25 January Juventino Rosas / Violinist / Mexico
27 AugustHong Beom-do / General / Korean

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1868:

YearName / Profession / Country
11 FebruaryChittaranjan Das / Physician / India
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