1801 in History – What happened in year 1801

✅ Published on April 2nd, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1801 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1801.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1801 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
01 januaryThe Kingdom of Ireland formally merged with the Kingdom of Great Britain, adding St. Patrick's saltire to the Union Flag.
31 januaryJohn Marshall became the fourth Chief Justice of the UnitedStates; his court opinions would help lay the basis for American Constitutional law and made the Supreme Court a coequal branches of government.
27 februaryUnder the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801, Washington, D.C., a new planned city and capital of the United States, was placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.
02 aprilWar of the Second Coalition-British forces led by Vice AdmiralHoratio Nelson defeated the Dano-Norwegian fleet at the Battle ofCopenhagen.
06 mayFrench Revolutionary Wars-The outmanned and outgunned HMS Speedy captured the 32-gun Spanish frigate El Gamo.
12 julyFrench Revolutionary Wars-A squadron of British Royal Navyships of the line defeated a larger squadron of ships from the Spanish Navy and French Navy in the Gut of Gibraltar.
01 augustFirst Barbary War-The American schooner USS Enterprise captured the Tripolitan polacca Tripoli in a single-ship action off thecoast of modern-day Libya.
01 octoberWith the signing of the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso, Spain returned the colonial territory of Louisiana to France in return for the Tuscany area of Italy.
12 JulyFrance and Spain were defeated by Britain in the Battle of Algeciras.
31 JanuaryJohn Marshall was appointed as the Chief Justice of the United States.
10 MarchThe first census was done in Great Britain.
18 MarchThe first Ordnance Manufacturing Factory was established in India.
12 AprilWilliam Cray was appointed Professor of Bengali at Fort William College, Calcutta (now Kolkata).
09 FebruaryThe Treaty of Lunville ended the Second Alliance War between France and Austria. The city of Aachen was officially annexed by France under the terms of the treaty.
04 MarchThomas Jefferson was sworn in as the third President of the United States.
02 AprilFirst Battle of Copenhagen Second Coalition War): The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom under Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, the Dano-Norwegian Navy was forced to accept a ceasefire. Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson leads the main attack and deliberately instructed his commander to withdraw the army.
10 MayPasca of Tripoli declared war on the United States after hanging on the consulate.
07 JunePortugal and Spain signed the Treaty of Badajoz, which resulted in Portugal losing the city of Olivenza.
12 JulyIn the Second Battle of Algeciras, the British army defeated the French and Spanish forces.
18 JulyNapoleon signed a concord with Pope Pius VII.
30 SeptemberThe Treaty of London was signed for the initial peace between the French First Republic and Great Britain and the United Kingdom of Ireland.
17 OctoberA coup was organized in the Batvian Republic.
16 NovemberFirst edition of the New York Earring Post printed.
15 DecemberHaddi Mustafa Pasha, Ottoman commander and politician, was assassinated in Belgrade.


Famous birthdays in the year 1801:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
03 NovemberKarl Baedeker / Author / Germany
03 NovemberVincenzo Bellini / Composer / Italy
06 OctoberHippolyte Carnot / Politician / France
07 SeptemberSarel Cilliers / Preacher / South Africa
09 MayPeter Hesketh-Fleetwood / Politician / United Kingdom
10 NovemberSamuel Gridley Howe / Activist / United States of America
10 NovemberVladimir Dal / Author / Russia
11 DecemberChristian Dietrich Grabbe / Poet / Germany
12 AprilJoseph Lanner / Composer / Austria
12 OctoberFriedrich Frey-Herosé / Politician / Switzerland
14 OctoberJoseph Plateau / Physicist / Belgium
14 JulyJohannes Peter Müller / Physiologist / Germany
14 March Kristjan Jaak Peterson / Poet / Estonia
16 JuneJulius Plücker / Mathematician / Germany
21 AugustGuillaume Groen van Prinsterer / Politician / Netherlands
23 OctoberAlbert Lortzing / Singer / Germany
24 SeptemberMikhail Ostrogradsky / Physicist / Ukraine
27 March Alexander Barrow / Politician / United States of America
29 January Johannes Bernardus van Bree / Violinist / Netherlands
30 JuneFrédéric Bastiat / Economist / France
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