1800 in History – What happened in year 1800

✅ Published on April 2nd, 2009 in 18th Century in History

In history, year 1800 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1800.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1800 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
01 januaryQuasi-War-An American convoy of four merchant vessels escorted by a schooner was attacked by a squadron of armed barges manned by Iitians.
21 marchAfter being elected as a compromise candidate after several months of stalemate, Pope Pius VII was crowned in Venice with a temporary papal tiara made of papier-mâché.
24 aprilThe Library of Congress, the de facto national library of theUnited States, was established as part of an act of Congress providingfor the transfer of the nation's capital from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C.
14 juneWar of the Second Coalition-In the Battle of Marengo,Napoleonic forces secured victory over the Habsburgs when defeat hadappeared inevitable until the arrival of French troops led by LouisDesaix.
10 julyLord Wellesley, Governor-General of the British Raj, foundedFort William College in Fort William, India, to promote Bengali, Hindiand other vernaculars of the subcontinent.
07 octoberThe French privateer Robert Surcouf led a 150-man crew tocapture the 40-gun, 437-man East Indiaman Kent.
03 decemberWar of the Second Coalition-French forces under General Jean Moreau defeated the Austrians and Bavarians under Archduke John inHohenlinden, near Munich, forcing the Austrians to sign an armistice.
01 NovemberJohn Adams became the first president of America.
18 AugustGovernor General Lord Vallejali established Fort William College in Calcutta.
12 DecemberWashington DC was made the capital of America.
08 JanuaryAustria defeated France in the Second Battle of Navi.
13 MarchNana Fadnavis, a noted politician of the Maratha Empire, died in Pune, Maharashtra.
08 JanuaryWild boy Aveyron was discovered in southern France.
07 FebruaryA referendum in France confirmed Napoleon as the first Consul by a substantial majority.
14 MarchCardinal Barna Chiaramonti Pius VII was crowned as the 251st Pope in Venice on 21 March.
24 AprilWashington DC. Congress in the U.S. Library was established.
14 MaySecond Alliance: French forces under General Luis-Alexander Berthier were intercepted by 400 Austro-Piedhamon troops at Fort Burd in the Osta Valley.
02 JuneThe first smallpox vaccination was done in North America at Trinity, Newfoundland.
10 JulyFort William College was established in Calcutta by the British Governor-General of India, Lord Wellesley, to promote Bengali, Hindi and other local languages ​​of the Indian subcontinent.
18 AugustFort William College was established by Lord Wellesley in Calcutta.
04 SeptemberThe French troops at Veltata surrendered to the British troops, who were summoned at the invitation of the Maltese. The islands of Malta and Gozo became Malta protectors.
01 OctoberIn a secret treaty Spain ceded Louisiana to France.
01 NovemberJohn Adams became the first US President to remain in the White House.
25 DecemberChristmas Day was previously a public holiday on an international scale.


Famous birthdays in the year 1800:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 March Yevgeny Baratynsky / Poet / Italy
03 March Heinrich Georg Bronn / Geologist / Germany
03 DecemberFrance Prešeren / Poet / Slovenia
04 MayLouis Christophe François Hachette / Publisher / France
05 MayLouis Christophe François Hachette / Publisher / France
06 SeptemberCatharine Beecher / Activist / United States of America
07 NovemberPlatt Rogers Spencer / Educator / United States of America
11 February Henry Fox Talbot / Politician / United Kingdom
12 JuneSamuel Wright Mardis / Politician / United States of America
14 January Ludwig Ritter von Köchel / Composer / Austria
14 February Emory Washburn / Lawyer / United States of America
15 JulySidney Breese / Politician / United States of America
16 AprilGeorge Bingham / Politician / United Kingdom
19 February Émilie Gamelin / Social Worker / Canada
20 SeptemberBenjamin Franklin White / Singer / United States of America
22 AugustSamuel David Luzzatto / Poet / Italy
25 March Ernst Heinrich Karl von Dechen / Academic / Germany
26 OctoberHelmuth von Moltke the Elder / Field Marshal / Prussia
30 SeptemberDecimus Burton / Architect / United Kingdom
31 JulyFriedrich Wöhler / Academic / Germany
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