What is a disease and what is a disease called?

Meaning of disease:

Disease means being unwell. This is a fundamental concept of medical science. Often any deficiency in the functioning of the body is called 'disease'. But defining disease is as difficult as defining 'health'. Let us know which diseases can be caused by viruses and bacteria in the human body and what are their symptoms.

Human diseases caused by viruses:

Disease Affected limb Bacteria/virus
Pneumoniae Lungs Diplococcus pneumoniae
Cough, which may produce green, yellow or even bloody mucus, fever, sweating and shivering, difficulty breathing, rapid, shallow breathing, sharp or stinging pain in the chest that increases with deep breathing or coughing Leads to vomiting, especially in young children.
Tetanus Nervous system and muscles Clostridium tetani
Jaw cramps, sudden involuntary muscle contractions (muscle spasms) - often painful muscle stiffness throughout the body in the abdomen, trouble swallowing, jerking or staring (seizures), headache, fever and sweating, changes in blood pressure and rapid heart rate
Cholera Gut or alimentary canal Vibrio cholerae (Asiatic cholera)
Dehydration, vomiting, diarrhea, leg cramps, restlessness or irritability, vomiting, etc.
Diphtheria Lungs Corynebacterium diphtheriae
A thick, gray membrane covering your throat and tonsils, a sore throat and hoarseness, swollen glands in your neck (enlarged lymph nodes) difficulty breathing or rapid breathing, runny nose, fever and chills , ill feeling
Whooping cough The respiratory system Haemophilus pertussis
After 1 to 2 weeks and as the disease progresses, the traditional symptoms of pertussis may appear and include: - many people have paroxysms, a loud "whoop" sound followed by a strong cough, during or after coughing Vomiting (throwing up), tiredness after coughing (very tired)
Syphilis Reproductive organs, cerebral nervous system Treponema pallidum
Genital rash, Paralysis, Skin rash, Hair loss
Bubonic plague Armpits or armpits, lungs, red blood cells Yersinia pestis
A person suffering from the infection may also have headache, fever, chills, feeling weak, swelling in more than one body part, lymph nodes or abdominal pain.
Meningitis Membranes above the brain, brainstem and spinal card Neisseria meningitidis (Meningococcus)
Sudden high fever, Stiff neck, Severe headache that feels different than usual, Headache with nausea or vomiting Confusion or difficulty concentrating, Seizures, Difficulty falling asleep or staying awake, Sensitivity to light, No appetite or thirst skin rash
Typhoid fever Bowel disease Salmonella Typhi
Weakness, Abdominal pain, Headache, Diarrhea or constipation, Cough, Loss of appetite
Leprosy Skin and nerve cells Mycobacterium leprae
Discolored patches of skin, usually flat, that may be numb and discolored (lighter than the surrounding skin), growths (lumps) on the skin Thick, hard or dry skin, painless on the soles of the feet blisters, painless swelling or lumps on the face or ear lobes, loss of eyebrows or eyelashes
Tuberculosis Any part of the body, especially the lungs Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Bad cough (lasting more than 2 weeks), chest pain, coughing up blood or sputum (mucus), tiredness or weakness, loss of appetite, weight loss, chills, fever, etc.
Swine flu Whole body H1 N1 flu virus (arthromyxovirus)
cough, fever, sore throat, stuffy or runny nose, body aches, headache, chills, tiredness
Ebola virus whole body Ebola virus ( phyllovirus)
Hemorrhagic fever, headache, sore throat, diarrhoea, renal and hepatic dysfunction, external and internal secretions
What is Protozoa?
Protozoa - Animals of protozoa are very microscopic, unicellular or acellular. They are also called primary animals. Protozoa is a unicellular organism. Their cells are of eukaryotic type. These can be easily seen with a simple microscope. Some protozoa cause diseases in animals or humans, they are called pathogenic protozoa.
Human diseases caused by protozoa:
Disease Affected limb Parasites
Gum disease Roots and gums of teeth Entamoeba gingivalis
Swollen gums, bleeding and pus discharge
Diarrhoea large intestine Trichomonas hominis
Swelling and pain in the large intestine, frequent diarrhea
Amoebiasis Large Intestine Entamoeba histology
Colon swelling, mucus discharge with ten
Malignant Diarrhea Front part of intestine Giardia lamblia
The cause of diarrhea, headache and sometimes jaundice
Gonorrhea (in men) and sveta pradar (in women) Urethra in men and vagina in women Trichomonas vaginalis
Burning and pain in urination, discharge of white fluid and pain in women Trichomonas vaginalis
Diarrhoea Small intestine Isospora hominis
Stomach cramps and diarrhea
Black fever Blood, lymph, spleen and bone marrow leishmania
Fever, Anemia, Spleen and Liver Swelling
Sleep disorder Blood, cerebrospinal fluid and central nervous system Trypanosoma gambians
High fever, fainting, long sleep for the patient
Malaria Red blood cells, spleen and liver Plasmodium
High fever, headache, back pain

Now practice related questions and see what you learnt?

Virus and Protozoa GK Questions and Answers 🔗

Read also:

Virus and Protozoa FAQs:

Bacteria are larger in size than viruses and can be seen under a light microscope. Virus is smaller in size than bacteria. Virus can be seen by electron microscope.

It is spread through contaminated food, water or objects that come in contact with the faeces of an infected person. The virus can be present in the feces of an infected person and can spread to others if proper hygiene and sanitation practices are not followed.

Flu is caused by influenza virus that infects the nose, throat and lungs. When sick people cough, sneeze, or talk, respiratory particles are released into the air and can infect nearby individuals.

AIDS is caused by a virus called Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The HIV virus mainly destroys the major classes of the body's immune system. The virus affects CD4+ T-lymphocytes (a type of lymphocytes that play an important role in the body's defense system).

This virus mainly affects T cells (cells) and brain cells present in the blood that protect the body from external diseases and gradually destroys them.

  Last update :  Thu 8 Sep 2022
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  Post Category :  Medical Science