What is the meaning of medicine and what is medical science?

Medical science is a branch of medical science, in which activities related to making an unhealthy person healthy are done. In this science, the suffering and disease of an unhealthy person is studied, after which that disease is diagnosed and its prevention is done. Hippocrates is called the father of medicine.

List of historical events of medical science:

The year The invention Inventor
20000-1000 BC Ayurveda Atreya (India)

Sage Atreya, or Aitareya Punarvasu, was a descendant of sage Atri, one of the great Hindu sages whose siddhis are detailed in the Puranas. He was a native of Taxila, Gandhara. Sage Atreya was a renowned scholar of Ayurveda and six schools of early Ayurveda were founded on the basis of his teachings.

460-370 BC Western scientific method Hippocrates - Hippocrates (Greece)

Hippocrates, or Bucrates, was a prominent scholar of ancient Greece. He was the father of Western medicine of Greece. He wrote the first treatise on human diseases. He is also called the father of medicine.

200-100 BC Yoga Patanjali- Patanjali (India)

Patanjali was a sage of ancient India who is considered the author of many important Sanskrit texts. Of these, the Yogasutra is his greatest work, which is the original text of Yoga Darshan. There are 3 main texts composed by Patanjali in Indian literature. Commentary on Yoga Sutras, Ashtadhyayi and texts on Ayurveda.

550 BC Ashtanga Hridaya Vagbhata (India)

The author of the famous texts of Ayurveda Ashtangasangraha and Ashtangahridaya. This is the person in the ancient literature, who has clearly introduced himself. According to the Ashtangasangraha, he was born in the country of Indus. His grandfather's name was also Vagbhata. He was a disciple of Avalokiteshvara Guru. His father's name was Siddagupta. He was a follower of Buddhism.

750 AD Siddha Yoga Vridukunt
1316 AD Physiology-Alchemy Modino - Mondino de Luzzi (Italy)

Mondino di Luzzi was an Italian physician, anatomist and professor of surgery. He is often credited as the restorer of anatomy because he made fundamental contributions to the field by reintroducing the practice of public dissection of human cadavers and writing the first modern anatomical text.

1493-1541 AD Chemotherapy Paracelsus (Switzerland)

Paracelsus was a distinguished chemist from Switzerland. His real name was Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim. For the first time in Europe, he used compounds made of metals in the field of medicine. In Europe, he is considered the originator of pharmaceutical chemicals.

List of major inventors and discoverers of medical science and their inventions (discoveries)

Ivention The year Inventor
Circulation of the Blood 1628 William Harvey (Britain)
Biochemistry 1648 Jan Vapatisa Van Hel Mant (Belgium)
Bacteria (Bacterium) 1683 Leuven Hoch (Netherlands)
Neurology (Nervous System) 1758-1828 Franz Joseph Gaal (Germany)
Physiology 1757-66 Elbrecht Van Haller (Switzerland)
Vaccine 1796 Edward Jenner (Britain)
Histology 1771-1802 Marie Conception (France)
Embryology 1792-1896 Karl Ernstavan Baer (Estonia)
Mafrin 1805 Friedrich (Germany)
Chloroform 1847 Sir James Harrison (UK)
Rabies Vaccine 1860 Louis Pasteur (France)
Bacteriology 1872 Fadrinand Kohn (Germany)
Bacillus of Leprosy 1873 Armor Hansen (Norway)
Germs of cholera and tuberculosis 1877 Robert Koch (Germany)
Malaria 1880 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran (France)
Psychoanalysis (psychology) 1895 Sigmund Fried (Austria)
Serology 1884-1915 Paul Erich (Germany)
Anti toxin 1890 Behring and Kitasato (Germany, Japan)
Adriene 1894 Shaffer and Oliver (UK)
Endocrine Sciences 1902 Bellis and Strillon (UK)
Electro cardiograph 1906 Iinova (Holland)
Typhus Vaccine 1909 J. Nicolae (France)
Ling Harmone 1910 Eugen Stenach (Austria)
Vitamin 1912 Sir FG Hopkins (UK)
Vitamin-C 1912 Eujox Holket (Nerve)
Vitamin A 1913 Macullan (USA)
Vitamin B 1916 Macullan (USA)
Synthetic antigen (antigen) 1917 Landsteiner (USA)
Thyroxine 1919 Edward Kendall (USA)
Diabetes insulin 1921 Benting and Best (Canada)
Vitamin-D 1922 Hopkins (USA)
Vitamin B1 1926 Minatt and Murphy (USA)
Penicillin 1928 Alexander Fleming (UK)
Curtisone 1936 Edward Kendall (USA)
D DT (dichloro diphenyl-trichloroethane) 1939 Paul Müller (Germany)
RH-factor 1940 Karl Landsteiner (USA)
Streptomycin 1944 Selman Waxman (USA)
L.S. D. (lysergic acid diethylamide) 1943 Hoffmann (Switzerlant)
Kidney Machine 1944 Kolf (Holland)
Chloromycetin 1947 Burkholder (USA)
Ariomycin 1948 Duggar (USA)
Risprin 1949 Jal Vakil (India)
Cryothermal Surgery 1953 Henry Swain (USA)
Terramycin 1950 Finlay and others (USA)
Open Heart Surgery 1953 Walton Lillehall (USA)
Polio myelitis vaccine 1954 Jonas Salk (USA)
Polio oral vaccine 1954 Albert Sabin (USA)
Birth control pills 1955 Pincus (USA)
Use of an artificial heart during surgery 1963 Michael de Baque (USA)
Heart transplant surgery 1967 Christian Bernard (South Africa)
First test tube baby 1978 Steptoe and Robert Edwards (UK)
Gene therapy on humans 1980 Martin Klaw  (USA)
Eradication of smallpox 1980 World Health Organization Declaration (USA)
Genes linked to cancer 1982 Robert Weinberg et al. (USA)
Asprin 1899 Heinrich Dresser (Germany)
Diphtheria bacteria 1883 Edwin Clebs

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Medical Science Invention FAQs:

Jonas Salk was the discoverer of the oral polio vaccine. Jonas Salk, was an American scientist who in 1955 developed the vaccine (also known as oral polio vaccine) against the poliovirus. This vaccine is used in successful programs against polio almost all over the world.

The vaccine for smallpox was invented by Edward Jenner. Jenner, a British physician, developed the first vaccine in 1796 using material taken from a cowpox-infected cow.

The use of artificial heart for surgery was started by Christiaan Barnard. The world's first human heart transplant was performed by Christian Bernard on 3 December 1967 in Cape Town, South Africa.

Dhanvantari is considered the Vaidya of Ayurveda, the 'Lord of Medicine'. Dhanvantari is an incarnation of Vishnu in Hinduism. He is the originator of Ayurveda. According to Hindu religion, he is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. He had descended on the earth at the time of the churning of the ocean.

Cholera and TB bacteria were discovered by Robert Koch in the year 1982. Robert Koch is considered a pioneer in the field of microbiology. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 1905 for his discovery of bacteria.

  Last update :  Wed 7 Sep 2022
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