Sources, functions, effects, and main diseases caused by deficiency of vitamins
What is a Vitamin?
Vitamins are complex organic substances and participate in the metabolic activities of the body. They are also called enhancers. Deficiency of these leads to incomplete diseases. These are active and complex organic compounds made up of elements like carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur. These are essential to keep our body healthy and healthy in minority. Their deficiency causes many diseases. They are divided into two categories:-
Water soluble vitamins, such as vitamins 'B', 'C'.
Fat soluble vitamins, such as vitamins 'A', 'D', 'K' etc.
Who discovered vitamins?
Discovery of Vitamins F.G. Huffkins, but it was given the name of vitamin by MrFunk. Vitamins are organic compounds, which are necessary for the growth of the body and protection from diseases. It produces enzymes in the tissues. Vitamin "D" is made automatically in our body while vitamin "K" is made by bacteria called 'colon' present in the bowel.
The main diseases caused by vitamin deficiency:
Vitamin A deficiency – retinal and xerophthalmia.
Deficiency of vitamin 'B'-beri-beri, anemia etc.
Deficiency of Vitamin 'C' - Scurvy.
Deficiency of Vitamin 'D' - Rickets and Automalacia.
Deficiency of Vitamin 'E' - Reduced fertility.
Deficiency of Vitamin 'K'—Delayed clotting of blood.
List of main diseases caused by vitamins, their sources, functions, effects and deficiency:
Name of vitamin
Main deficiency diseases or effects
Milk, butter, egg, liver, fish oil.
Radapsin synthesis in the ophthalmic rods increases the epithelium level.
In butter, liver, fish oil, wheat, egg.
Rickets, and osteomalacia
Metabolism of calcium and phosphorus, growth of bones and teeth.
Green leaves, wheat, egg yolk.
Lack of fertility, weak muscles.
Growth of germinal epithelium, activity of muscles.
Green leaves, cheese, egg, liver, tomato.
Blood does not clot.
Formation of Pathambin in the liver.
Vitamin B Complex
Cereals, beans, yeast, eggs, meat,
Essential for carbohydrate and fat metabolism
Cheese, egg, yeast, green leaves, wheat, liver, meat.
Cholecystitis, glaucitis and occasional dermatitis.