BHARTIYA ANTARIKSH ANUSANDHAN SANGTHAN (ISRO) CHAIRMAN KI SUCHI VARSH 1963 SE AB TAK
Information about ISRO:
Indian Space Research Organization ie ISRO is the National Space Institute of India. ISRO was established on 15 August 1969. The main task of the institute is to provide space related technology for India. The main objectives of the space program include the development of satellites, launch vehicles, sounding rockets and ground systems. The headquarter of ISRO is located in Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka state.
There have been 10 chairman of ISRO since 1963. The current chairman or chairman of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is Dr. Kailasavadivoo Sivan. He a. s. Kiran Kumar has been replaced. The first chairman of ISRO was Dr. Vikram Sarabhai.
Brief description about ISRO:
|The headquarters||Bangalore, Karnataka (India)|
|Establishment||15 August 1969|
|First Chairman||Vikram Sarabhai|
|Current Chairman (Chairman)||Dr. K. Shivan|
|Ideal sentence||"Space Technology in the Service of Mankind"|
List of all ISRO Chairman since 1963 till date:
|Name of chairman||Tenure||Tenure period|
|Vikram Sarabhai||1963 to 1972||9 Year|
|M. G. Of. Menon||January 1972 to September 1972||9 months|
|Satish Dhawan||1972 to 1984||12 years|
|Pro. U. R. Rao||1984 to 1994||10 years|
|K. Kasturirangan||1994 to 2003||9 Year|
|G. Madhavan Nair||2003 to 2009||6 Year|
|K. radhakrishnan||2009 to 2014||5 Year|
|Shailesh Nayak||01 Jan 2015 to 12 Jan 2015||12 days|
|A. S. Kiran Kumar||2015 to 2018||3 Year|
|Dr. K. Shivan||10 Jan 2018 to present||Posted|
Important interesting facts related to Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO):
- India's first satellite was Aryabhata, it was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975. This satellite was named after the famous mathematician Aryabhata.
- India's second satellite was named Bhaskar. Whose weight was 445 kg. Bhaskar was placed in Earth's orbit on 07 June 1979.
- Mangalyaan, (Mars Orbiter Mission), is India's first Mars mission. On November 5, 2013, at 2:38 pm, it was released to orbit the planet Mars. With reaching Mars on 24 September 2014, India has become the first country in the world to succeed in its first attempt and the fourth country in the world after Soviet Russia, NASA and the European Space Agency.
- In 2014, ISRO was awarded the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development.
- ISRO commissioned India's first space observatory as AstroSat on 29 September 2015, almost a year after the successful launch of Mangalyaan.
- ISRO has launched 57 satellites from about 20 different countries till June 2016 and through this it has earned US$ 100 million so far.
- Because of ISRO, India is included in those 6 countries, which can send their own satellite.
- NASA does double the amount spent in 40 years by ISRO in a year.
- The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) employs about 17,000 employees and scientists.
Important achievements of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO):
- 1962: Formation of a National Committee for Space Research by the Department of Atomic Energy and the first efforts towards the development of a rocket launch site at Thumba, near Trivandrum.
- 1963: Launch of the first rocket from Thumba (21 November).
- 1965: Establishment of Space Science and Technology Center at Thumba.
- 1967: Establishment of Satellite Communication Systems Center at Ahmedabad.
- 1972: Establishment of Space Commission and Department of Space.
- 1975: The first Indian satellite Aryabhata was launched (April 19).
- 1976: Experimental step to provide education through satellite for the first time.
- 1979: An experimental satellite Bhaskar-1 was launched. The launch of Rohini satellite with the help of the first experimental test vehicle SLV-3 failed.
- 1980: Rohini satellite successfully placed in orbit with the help of SLV-3.
- 1981: Successfully launched a geological communication satellite named 'Apple'. The launch of Bhaskar-2 in November.
- 1982: INSAT-1A launch in April and deactivation in September.
- 1983: Second launch of SLV-3. Establishment of RS-D2 in orbit. INSAT-1B launch.
- 1984: Rakesh Sharma becomes the first Indian astronaut in a joint space mission by India and the Soviet Union.
- 1987: A. s. Ale. V's launch with the SROSS-1 satellite.
- 1988: India's first remote sensing satellite IRS-1A was launched. INSAT-1C launched in July. Abandoned in November.
- 1990: Successful launch of INSAT-1D.
- 1991: The launch of the second remote sensing satellite IRSS-1B in August.
- 1992: Third launch by ASLV with SROCC-C in May. Successful launch of completely indigenous technology INSAT-2A satellite.
- 1993: Successful launch of INSAT-2B in July. PS Ale. The crash of the remote sensing satellite IRSS-1E by V.
- 1994: Fourth successful launch of SSLV in May.
- 1995: INSAT-2C was launched in December. Successful launch of third remote sensing satellite.
- 1996: Successful launch of third Indian remote sensing satellite IRSS-P3 in March with the help of PSLV.
- 1997: INSAT-2D, launched in June, failed in October. Successful launch of Indian Remote Sensing Satellite IRSS-1D with the help of PSLV in the month of September.
- 1999: INSAT-2E Successful launch of the last satellite of the INSAT-2 series from France. Successful launch of Indian Remote Sensing Satellite IRSS-P4 from Sriharikota Test Center. Foreign satellites launched from India for the first time: South Korea's Kitsat-3 and Germany's DCR-Tubsat successfully test-fired.
- 2000: Successful launch of INSAT-3B on 22 March 2000.
- 2001: GSLV-D1 launch partially successful.
- 2002: Successful launch of INSAT-3C in January. Successful launch of Kalpana-1 by PSLV-C4 in September.
- 2004: Successfully launched GSLV EDUSAT.
- 2008: Successfully launched Chandrayaan on 22 October
- 2013: Successfully launched Mangalyaan on 05 November
- 2014: On September 24, Mangalyaan (298 days after launch) was placed in the orbit of Mars
- 2014: Successful launch of Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-D5) on 05 January 2014.
- 2014: Successful launch of IRNSS-1B on 04 April 2014.
- 2014: Successful launch of IRNSS-1 on 16 October 2014.
- 2014: Successful first pilot flight of GSLV Mk-3 on 18 December 2014.
- 2015: Successfully launched AstroSat, India's first observatory dedicated to astronomical research, on 29 September.
- 2016: Launched its first reusable space shuttle (Reusable Space Shuttle) completely made in India on 23 May.
- 2016: A record 20 satellites were launched simultaneously by PSLV C-34 on 22 June.
- 2016: On August 28, the first pilot test of a scramjet engine with an atmospheric propulsion system was successful.
- 2016: INSAT-3DR launched into space on 08 September with the successful flight of GSLV-F05 using the indigenously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS) for the first time.
- 2017: Created a world record by launching 104 satellites simultaneously on 15 February. The PSLV-C37/Cartosat2 series satellite mission had 101 international small-satellites (nano-satellites) and two Indian small-satellites INS-1A and INS-1B in addition to Cartosat-2.
- 2018: PSLV-C41/IRNSSS-1I. PSLV was launched on Thursday 12th April, 2018 at 04:04 hrs. This is the twentieth time the kxl configuration has been used. IRNSS-1I. Navic is the eighth satellite to be included in the Navigational Satellite Group.
- 2019: India successfully launched Chandrayaan-2 from Sriharikota range on 22 July 2019 at 02:43 PM IST. Which was the first space mission to conduct a soft landing on the south polar region of the Moon.
- 2019: 27 November 2019 Cartosat-3, the latest satellite of the Cartosat series, was successfully placed in its orbit. With this, 13 small satellites of America were also successfully sent into their orbits in space. The Cartosat Earth Observation Satellite is such a satellite from which a clear picture of the Earth can be taken. Its picture will be so clear that even the time of a clock tied in a person's hand can be clearly seen. Mainly its job is to keep an eye on India's land from space.