Names and scientists of the major inventions of science in history:

Here is a complete list of the major inventions of science, their years and their scientists. In this list there are 130 famous inventions, which were discovered by the scientist. This is very useful for all your exams because some questions are asked in the exam based on this list.

Let's get to know about the major inventions and many inventors:

Invention/discovery The year Inventor/discoverer
Electronic Computer 1824 Dr. Alan M. Touring (UK)
Electric Press 1822 H. W. Seeley (USA)
Production of steel 1885 Henry Bessemer (UK)
X-ray 1895 Wilhelm's Röntgen (Germany)
Spinning Frame 1769 Sir Richard Arkwright (Britain)
Spinning Machine 1779 Samuel Krapton (UK)
Spinning Jenny 1764 James Hargreaves (UK)
Wristwatch 1462 Barth Lommeu Mainfredi (Italy)
Glass (coloured) L.1080 Augsburg (Germany)
Car (Vapour) L.1769 Nicolas Cuganot (France)
Car (Petrol) 1888 Karl Benz (Germany)
Carpet Sweeper 1876 Melville R. Bissell (USA)
Carburetor 1876 Gatlieb Daimler (Germany)
Chronometer 1735 John Harrison (UK)
Skyscraper 1882 W. Le Baron Jenny (USA)
Galvanometer 1834 Andre Marie Ampere (France)
Gas Lighting 1792 William Murdock (Britain)
Gramophone 1878 Thomas Alva Edison (USA)
Glider 1853 Sir George Kelly (UK)
Clock (Mechanical) 1725 I-Sing & Liang Ling San (China)
Clock (Pendulum) 1656 Christian Huygens (Netherlands)
Glasses (convex) 1289 Venice (Italy)
Ship (Vapor) 1775 J.C. Perrier (France)
Ship (turbine) 1894 Mann Sir C. Parsons (UK)
Gyro pointer 1911 Elmer A. Sperry (USA)
Zip 1891 WL. Judson (USA)
Jet Engine 1937 Sir Frank Whittle (UK)
Instruments 1623 Wilhelm Schickard (Germany)
Typewriter 1808 Pelagin Terry (Italy)
Terlin 1941 JT Winfield, J.E. Dixon (UK)
Telephone 1849 Antonio Mucci (Italy)
Telephone 1876 Alexander Graham Bell (USA)
Television (mechanical) 1926 John Legie Baird (UK)
Television (Electronic) 1927  P.T. Fansworth (USA)
Tank 1914 Sir Ernst Swington (UK)
Transistor 1948 Bardeen, Shackley & Betine (USA)
Transformer 1831 Michael Faraday (UK)
Dynamon 1832 Hypolite Pixie (France)
Disc brake 1902 Dr.F. Lechester (UK)
Diesel Engine 1895 Rudolf Diesel (Germany)
Tadit Chalak 1752 Benjamin Franklin (USA)
Telegraph Communications 1787 M. Laman (France)
Telegraph Communication Code 1837 Samuel MB Morse (USA)
Thermometer 1593 Galileo Galilei (Italy)
Binoculars 1608 Hans Liptsche (Netherlands)
Bifocal lens 1780 Benjamin Franklin (USA)
Washing Machine (Electricity) 1907 Hurlow Machine Company (USA)
Neon lamp 1910 Georges-Claude (France)
Submarine 1776 Dr. Wallace H, Carothers David Bushnell (USA)
Power Loom 1785 AD Cartwright (UK)
Pasteurization 1867 Louis Pasteur (France)
Parking Meter 1935 Carlton C Magee (USA)
Parachute (Aerial Umbrella) 1797 A.D. Yes. Garnerin (France)
Propeller (ship) 1837 Francis Smith (UK)
Fountain Pen 1884 Lewis E. Water Man (USA)
Film (silent movie) 1885 Louis Prince (France)
Film (Bolpat) 1922 J. Engel J.Musoli, H. Vogt (Germany)
Film (with musical soundtrack) 1923 Dr. Lee. Give. Fast (USA)
Photography (on metal) 1826 J.N. Nipes (France)
Photography (on paper) 1835 W. H. Fox Talbot (France)
Photography (on film) 1888 John Carbat (USA)
Bunsen Berner 1855 R.Wilhelm van Bunsen (Germany)
Burglar Alarm 1858 Edwin T. Holmes (USA)
Electric lamp 1879 Thomas Alva Edison (USA)
Electric Motor (D.C.) 1873 Jenabe Grame (Belgium)
Electricity (AC) 1888 Nikola Tesla (USA)
Bakelite 1907 Leo H. Bankland (Belgium)
Barometer 1644 Evangelista Torricelli (Italy)
Balloon (balloon) 1783 Jacob and Joseph Montgolfer (Belgium)
Steam locomotive 1698 Thomas Seabury (UK)
Steam engine (piston) 1712 Thomas Newcomen (Britain)
Steam locomotive (condenser) 1665 James Watt (UK)
Machine gun 1718 James Puckle (UK)
Microprocessor 1971 Robert Noyce and Garden Moore (USA)
Microphone 1876 Alexander Graham Bell (USA)
Margarine (artificial butter) 1869 Hipalite M. Murim (France)
Printer L. 1455 Johann Gutenberg (Germany)
Printer (rotary) 1846 Richard Hoe (USA)
Motorcycle 1885 G Daimler Konstadt (Germany)
Rubber (latex foam) 1928 Dunlop Rubber Company (UK)
Rubber (tyre) 1846 Thomas Hancock (UK)
Rubber (Vulcanicrat) 1841 Charles Goodyear (USA)
Rubber (Jalshah) 1823 Charles Mackintosh (Britain)
Record (Longplaying) 1948 Dr. Peter Goldmark (USA)
Rubik's Cube 1975 Prof. Enno Rubik (Hungary)
Razor (electric) 1931 Colonel Jacob (USA)
Razor (Safety) 1895 King C. Gillett (USA)
Radar 1922 A. H. Taylor, Leo C. Young (USA)
Radio Telegraph Communications 1864 Dr. Mahlon Loomis (USA)
Radio (Cross Atlantic) 1901 G. Marconi (Italy)
Refrigerator 1850 James Harrison, Alexander Caitlin (USA)
Ryan 1883 Sir Joseph Swain (UK)
Loudspeaker 1900 Horace Short (UK)
Landrat 1934 J.F. Cantrell (USA)
Lift (mechanical) 1852 Elisha G. Otis (USA)
Lyoleum 1860 Frederick Walton (UK)
Lesser 1960 Dr. Charles H. Tones (USA)
Locomotive 1804 Richard Truthick (UK)
Aircraft 1903 Orville and Wilbur Wright (USA)
Aircraft (Adrd) 1852 Henri Gifford (France)
Aircraft (Drad) 1900 J. F. One Zeppelin (Germany)
Electromagnet 1824 William (UK)
Welder (electricity) 1877 Elisha Thomson (USA)
Toilet 1589 J.J. Made by Harrinton (UK)
Bicycle 1839-40 Kirk Patrick Macmillan (UK)
Bicycle Tire (BiVe) 1888 John Wyde Dunlop (UK)
Cinema 1895 Nicolas and Jean Lumiere (France)
Sewing Machine 1829 Barthlemy Thimonier (France)
Cement (Portland) 1824 Joseph Aspadin (UK)
Safetypin 1849 Walter Hunt (USA)
Microscope 1590 Z Jansson (Netherlands)
Safety Match 1826 Johnwalker (UK)
Cellophane 1908 Dr. J. Bandenbagger (Switzerland)
Celluloid 1861 Alexander Parks (UK)
Self Starter 1911 Charles F. Kettering (USA)
Scotch Lace 1930 Richard Doo (USA)
Steel Products 1855 Harry Brearley (UK)
Slide Rule 1621 William Aftertrade (UK)
Helicopter 1924 Etienne Ohmichen (France)
Cinematagraph 1952 Thomas Alva Edison (USA)
Computer 1991 Charles Babbage (England)
Pendant clock 1656 Christian Huygens (Netherlands)
Crescograph 1918 Jagdish Chandra Basu (India)
Lawrence-Cyclotron 1932 Ernest Orlando Lawrence (USA)
Dynamite 1867 Alfred Nobel (Sweden)
Theory of the Dynamo 1831 Michael Faraday (London)
Dialysis Machine (Kidney Machine) 1943 Dr. Willem Kolff
Logarithm 1614 John Napier (Scotland)
Micrometer 1670 William Gascayne (USA)
Microphone 1876 Emily Berliner (Germany)

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Invention and Inventor FAQs:

The airplane was invented by Orville and William Wright, considered the father of illusionism. Wilbur and Orville Wright belonged to the Sunyeol Indian Circle in the Indian mountain range Needle and recorded the first successful air traffic experience on December 17, 1903.

The inventor of the computer or the father of the computer was "Charles Babbage". In 1822, he invented the Difference Engine, which is considered to be the first programmable computer. In 1833, Charles Babbage invented the Analytical Engine which was a General-Purpose Computer but due to lack of money, he could not complete this work.

Video tape' was invented by Charles Ginsberg. Videotape is a magnetic tape used to store video and usually sound.

The laser was invented by T. H. Maama (Takeshi Hiroshi Maama). He invented the laser used for high energy technology in the 1960s.

The World Wide Web was invented by Tim Berners-Lee. His invention of the Internet marked a turning point in the world of human knowledge and communication and contributed significantly to the World Wide Web, our United Nations.

  Last update :  Thu 28 Jul 2022
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