|Queen of Cyprus Catherine Cornaro was forced to abdicate and sell the administration of the island to the Republic of Venice.
|Commander Johann Van Galen of the Netherlands defeated the British fleet in the Anglo-Dutch War.
|Jean-Jacques Russo left Geneva for the first time.
|British Royal Navy Admiral John Byng was court-martialled andexecuted by firing squad when he failed to 'do his utmost' during theBattle of Minorca at the start of the Seven Years' War.
|Eli Whitney was granted a patent for the cotton gene.
|American inventor Eli Whitney patented the cotton gin, the first ever machine that quickly and easily separated cotton fibers from their seedpods.
|Cardinal Barna Chiaramonti Pius VII was crowned as the 251st Pope in Venice on 21 March.
|The General Congress of South American States met in Panama.
|Hobbs Taylor was the first dentist born.
|John Herschel discovers the now open cluster of stars, now known as NGC 3603, from the Cape of Good Hope.
|The rich Albert Einstein was born in a middle-class family in the city of Ulm, Germany.
|The Mikado, Gilbert and Sullivan's most frequently performedSavoy opera, debuted at the Savoy Theatre in London.
|Oil prospectors in Kern County, California, drilled into apressurized oil deposit, resulting in the largest accidental oil spillin history.
|First World War-British forces cornered and sank the SMSDresden, the last remnant of the German East Asia Squadron, near theChilean island of Más a Tierra.
|The Republic of China ended diplomatic relations with Germany.
|248 people died and 93 were injured in a train accident in the Latin American country of Costa Rica.
|Pope Pius XI issued the encyclical Mit brennender Sorge,condemning antisemitism, criticizing Nazism, listing breaches of anagreement signed with the Roman Catholic Church.
|Britain severed diplomatic relations with Bulgaria.
|The British Royal Air Force first used the Grand Slam, a 22,000lb (9.98 t) earthquake bomb, on a strategic railroad viaduct inBielefeld, Germany.
|Nikita Khrushchev was elected the first secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
|Prince Mahendra became the king of Nepal.
|Italian publisher Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, known for hisdecision to translate and publish Boris Pasternak's novel Doctor Zhivagoafter it had been smuggled out of the Soviet Union, was killed in anexplosion.
|Israeli–Lebanese conflict-The Israel Defense Forces beganOperation Litani, invading and occupying southern Lebanon, and pushingPLO troops north up to the Litani River.
|OPEC, a group of oil producing countries, cut oil prices for the first time in 23 years.
|A special day for math lovers 'Pie Day' was celebrated for the first time.
|China defeated Vietnam in a naval battle as the formerattempted to establish oceanographic observation posts on the SpratlyIslands.
|FWD in place of Peter Botha by South African National Party. Clarke was made president.
|Mrs. Earth Pascal Trewil became the first female President of Haiti.
|The 'Birmingham Six', wrongly convicted of the 1974 Birmingham pub bombings in England, were released after sixteen years in prison.
|Mexican banker/billionaire Alfredo Harp Helu was kidnapped.
|For the first time, there are 13 people in space.
|80 people were killed as Iranian military plane crashed.
|Olympic gold medallist Michael Johnson wins the 67th James E. Sullivan Award.
|President Clinton trips and tears up his knee requiring surgery.
|Sonia Gandhi became Congress President for the first time.
|The constitution was amended to provide legal recognition to private property in China.
|The Victory Group acquired the UK's famous switchgear manufacturer 'Craig & Dericar'.
|A series of riots, protests, and demonstrations erupted inLhasa and elsewhere in Tibet.
|No reports of damage or casualties are reported after a 6.6 magnitude earthquake in central Japan.
|The Tokyo stock exchange falls more than five percent on the first day of trading following the 2011 Sendai earthquake.
|Britain has 2.67 million people unemployed, its highest unemployment rate since 1995.
|China’s CPC General Secretary XI Jinping is named as the new President of the People’s Republic of China, with Li Yuanchao named as Vice President.
|The U.S plans to let its contract with ICANN expire next year; this would end U.S authority over the internet.