|Sultan Mahmud looted the Somnath temple and destroyed it.
|After Lotario de Conti was elected as Pope Innocent III, hisfirst act was the restoration of the papal power in Rome.
|Italian physicist astronomer and scholar Galileo Galile died at the age of 78.
|Scottish student Thomas Aikenhead became the last person in Britain to be executed for blasphemy.
|George Frederick Handel premiered "Almeira" in Hamburg.
|Dutch gang leader "Sajko" was arrested.
|George Friedrich Handel's Ariandant premiered at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
|Britain, Austria, the Netherlands and anti-Saxony signed the Prussian Quadruple Alliance.
|The President of the United States, George Washington, gave the first address of the University State in New York City.
|George Washington delivered the first State of the Union Address in New York City, then the provisional capital of the United States.
|America's first President George Washington addressed the country for the first time.
|Wild boy Aveyron was discovered in southern France.
|Austria defeated France in the Second Battle of Navi.
|The German Coast Uprising, the largest slave revolt in United States history, took place in Louisiana.
|American forces led by General Andrew Jackson defeated the British Army at the Battle of New Orleans, two weeks after the United States and the United Kingdom signed the Treaty of Ghent to end the War of 1812.
|For the only time in history, the United States public debt contract was void.
|The London and Greenwich Railway opened its first section, the first railway station in London, England.
|Delft University of Technology established the Royal Academy for the Education of Civil Engineers by William II of the Netherlands.
|A large amount of Borox deposits were discovered in California by John Vecht.
|Dr. John Veitch discovered 'borax' hydrated sodium borate).
|Keshav Chandra Sen, the nationalist leader of Bengal and the speaker of Brahmas Samaj, died in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
|Statistician Herman Hollerith received a patent for isoelectric tabulating machine, the precursor to modern computers.
|Hermann Hollerith received a patent for the invention of the punch card tabulating machine.
|Blackstone Library , the first branch of the Chicago Public Library system, was dedicated.
|The steel strike of 1919, an attempt to organize the United States steel industry in the wake of World War I, collapsed in complete failure for the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers.
|The first telephone contact was established between the Netherlands and the West Indies.
|The British government introduced ration cards for butter, bacon, ham and sugar.
|8 million refugees were found within the borders of West Germany.
|Five Evangelical Christian missionaries from the United States were killed by the Huaorani in the rainforest of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
|14-year-old Bobby Fisher won the United States Chess Championship.
|A referendum was held in France over Algeria's independence. Algeria recorded only 69 percent of the vote in favor.
|During his State of the Union address, U.S. President Lyndon B.Johnson declared a 'War on Poverty'.
|Martin Luther King, the leader of the Blacks' struggle in America, was shot dead by unknown invaders, leading to his death.
|Space mission of Russia launched Luna 21.
|Three bombs attributed to Armenian nationalists exploded across Moscow, killing 37 people.
|The oil tanker Betelgeuse exploded at the offshore jetty of the Whiddy Island Oil Terminal off Bantry Bay, Ireland, killing approximately 50 people.
|A local farmer reported a UFO sighting in Trans-en-Provence,France, claimed to be 'perhaps the most completely and carefully documented sighting of all time'.
|TM-18, the Russian manned spacecraft has been launched into orbit.
|After giving 1143 performances at Martin Beck Theater New York city the “Guys and Dolls” closes.
|No one is elected to Baseball Hall of Fame in the 25 years. It was held for the 1st time that no one elected.
|An Antonov An-32 cargo aircraft crashed into a crowded market in Kinshasa, Zaire, killing up to 237 on the ground.
|Zirion cargo plane Kinshasa crashed in a crowded market, killing 300 people.
|Ramzi Ahmed Yousef, the bomber of World Trade Center has been sentenced to life.
|Turkish Airlines Flight 634 crashed in extensive fog during final approach to Diyarbakir Airport in Turkey, leaving only five survivors out of 80 people on board.
|RMS Queen Mary 2 at the time the longest, widestand tallest passenger ship ever built, was christened by her namesake'sgranddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
|A 6.1 magnitude earthquake in the northern region of Costa Rica left 15 dead and 32 others injured.
|The Parliament in Portugal has given an approval for same sex marriage. The Parliament has legalized the bill.
|Gunmen from an offshoot of the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda attacked the bus transporting the Togo national football team to the Africa Cup of Nations, killing three.
|The Chinese prosecutors claimed that over 600 people are killed in Yunnan over a seven years period from official misconduct.
|In Tucson, Arizona, US, Jared Lee Loughner opened fire on an outdoor public meeting, killing six people and injuring twelve others.
|15 Georgian soldiers are released through the efforts made by the Somalian Government after a year of being hostage by pirates.
|The 2012 weather is recorded as the hottest year ever recorded ever by the US scientists. They declared it to be hottest.
|The nominations of 67th British Academy Film Awards are announced. Sandra Bullock is nominated for the best actress for her film Gravity. This is directed by Alfonso Cuaron.