March 21 in History – What happened on 21 March in Past

21 March - Today in History - Important historical events happened on this day in India and World History

According to Gregory calendar, on March 21, the day number in a year is 80 and if it is a leap year then the day number is 81. March 21 has a special significance in India and world history, because many such incidents have occurred on this day which have been recorded forever in the pages of history. Let's know some such important events which will increase your general knowledge. The facts collected will be as follows: People born on this day, demise of famous people, war treaty, freedom of any country, invention of new technologies, change of power, important National and International Day etc.

March 21 in History - Top Historical Events

YearEvent / Incidence / Incident
630Byzantine emperor Heraclius restored the True Cross Jerusalem.
1413Henry V became King of England.
1556Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer, one of the founders of Anglicanism, was burnt at the stake in Oxford, England, for heresy.
1788The Great New Orleans fire killed 25% of the population and destroyed 856 buildings, including St. Louis Cathedral and Cabadie, and transformed much of the city into ruins.
1791The British army defeated Tipu Sultan and captured the then Bangalore.
1800After being elected as a compromise candidate after several months of stalemate, Pope Pius VII was crowned in Venice with a temporary papal tiara made of papier-mâché.
1804The Napoleonic Code was adopted as French civil law.
1836Calcutta (now Kolkata) started the first public library, now named the National Library.
1844The Bahá í calendar was introduced.
1857The devastating earthquake in Tokyo, the capital of Japan, killed about 170,000 people.
1859The Scotland National Gallery opened in Edinburgh.
1871Founder of the German Empire Otto von Bismarck was proclaimed as its first Chancellor.
1906Jim Thomson, an American businessman who saved the Thai silk industry, was born.
1909The remains of the Báb, one of three central figures of the Bahá'í Faith, were interred by `Abdu'l-Bahá in Haifa, present-day Israel.
1913Over 360 were killed and 20,000 homes destroyed in the Great Dayton Flood in Dayton, Ohio.
1916Renowned Shehnai player Bismillah Khan was born in Dumraon, Bihar.
1918First World War-The German Army opened the Spring Offensive with Operation Michael, attempting to break through the Allied lines and to seize ports on the English Channel.
1919The Hungarian Republic of Hungary was founded by Bela Kun.
1937A police squad, acting under orders from Governor of PuertoRico Blanton Winship, opened fire on demonstrators protesting the arrestof Puerto Rican Nationalist leader Pedro Albizu Campos, killing 17people and injuring over 200 others.
1940Paul Ryanad became Prime Minister of France
1943Second World War-Wehrmacht officer Rudolf Christoph von Gersdorff attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler by suicide bombing, but had to abort the plan at the last minute.
1945World War II-Bulgaria and the Soviet Union successfully defended the north bank of the Drava River as the Battle of the Transdanubia Hills concluded.
1946The Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League signed Kenny Washington, making him the first African American player in the league since 1933.
1954At the first Filmfare Awards ceremony, only 5 awards were held, with two bighas of land receiving the best film award. The director of this film, Bimal Roy, won the Best Director award. Dilip Kumar Daag for Best Actor), Meena Kumari Baiju Bawra for Best Actress) and Naushad for Best Film for Best Film.
1963Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay, California—one of the world's most notorious and best known prisons—was closed.
1975The then President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed declared Emergency under Section 352 at the request of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Which lasted till 21 March 1977.
1975The monarchy ended after three thousand years in Ethiopia.
1978Bollywood actress Rani Mukherjee was born.
1980Dallas aired its 'A House Divided' episode which led to eight months of international speculation regarding Who shot J.R.?
1990Nambia gained independence from South Africa.
1991Two US Navy anti-submarine planes collided at sea. The accident resulted in the death of twenty seven people.
1994Anne P Sidamon-Eristoff was made the new chairwomen of Museum of National History.
1999In the 71st academy awards Oscar Ceremony which was hosted by Whoopi Goldberg; Shakespeare in Love, wins best picture, Roberto Benigni and Gwyneth Paltrow won the lead acting awards among all.
2000Girija Prasad Koirala appointed as the new Prime Minister of Nepal.
2002British schoolgirl Amanda Dowler was abducted on her way home from Heathside School in Walton-on-Thames, Surrey.
2006A man using a hammer smashed the statue of Phra Phrom in the Erawan Shrine in Bangkok, Thailand, and was subsequently beaten to death by bystanders.
2008Scientists have found new evidence of Saturn being the ocean on the moon Titan.
2010A suicide bomb attack which occurred in Geresh of Helmand Province in Afghanistan was resulted the death of ten people and seven injured.
2011The compound of the terrorist leader Muammar Gaddafi in Tripoli was targeted with more bombing raids during the third night of international intervention in Libya which shook the whole terrorist chain of Gaddafi.
2011The surgeon at the Brigham and women’s hospital in Boston, Massachusetts successfully performed the first full face transplant.
2012Britian’s Chancellor of the Enchequer George Osborne reveals the 2012 budget of Britian which cuts the top rate of income tax paid by the civilians. It was the great gift for the common British people.
2013The US military, along with the South Korea, used B-52 Bomber jet planes in joint military drills of North Korea, as a result North Korea threatens America to attack America’s military bases in Japan.
2013Australia’s Prime Minister Julia Gillard formally apologizes to people who were affected by forced adoption during the 1950’s to 1970’s.
2014The famous Exxon Mobil, after a long time, takes the initiative among energy companies to disclose its plans for dealing with climate change in response to 2013 shareholder resolution. This initiative of the company move may set a standard for other energy companies to follow.



Famous Birthdays of March 21:

YearName / Profession / Country
1968Andrew Copeland / Singer / United States of America
1978Bamboo Mañalac / Singer / Philippines
1974Edsel Dope / Writer / United States of America
1934Al Freeman / Actor / United States of America
1949Eddie Money / Writer / United States of America
1923Louis-Edmond Hamelin / Author / Canada
1920Manolis Chiotis / Singer / Greece
1923Nirmala Srivastava / Religious Leader / India
1953Steve Furber / Scientist / United Kingdom
1974Ted Kravitz / Reporter / United Kingdom
1965Xavier Bertrand / Politician / France
1984Guillermo Daniel Rodríguez / Footballer / Uruguay
1975Corne Krige / Rugby Player / South Africa
1981Todd Polglase / Rugby Player / Australia
1945Anthony Grabiner / Lawyer / United Kingdom
1989Jordi Alba / Footballer / Spain
1919Douglas Warren / Bishop / Australia
1992Lehlogonolo Masalesa / Footballer / South Africa
1980Lee Jin / Singer / South Korea
1978Charmaine Dragun / Journalist / Australia
1942Françoise Dorléac / Actress / France
1887Clarice Beckett / Painter / Australia
1974Kevin Leahy / Drummer / United States of America
1944Hideki Ishima / Guitarist / Japan
1958Gary Oldman / Actor / United Kingdom
1970Shiho Niiyama / Actress / Japan
1716Josef Seger / Composer / Bahamas
2000Jace Norman / Actor / United States of America
1901Karl Arnold / Politician / Germany
1968Greg Ellis / Actor / United Kingdom

The day in other months: January 21 | February 21 | March 21 | April 21 | May 21 | June 21 | July 21 | August 21 | September 21 | October 21 | November 21 | December 21

By Suresh

Investing my time and efforts to help students those are preparing for competitive exams. Hope content available here will be useful for you. If you like the content, please share with friends. All the Best!

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