|Grand Duke of Lithuania Jogaila was crowned Wladyslaw IIJagiello, King of Poland, beginning the Jagiellonian dynasty.
|King Charles II of England granted Quaker William Penn acharter for the Pennsylvania Colony.
|French astronomer Charles Messier first noted the Orion Nebula, a bright nebula situated south of Orion's Belt, later cataloguing it as Messier 42 in his list of Messier objects.
|As per the U.S. Constitution, the bicameral U.S. Congressofficially replaced the unicameral Congress of the Confederation as thelegislative body of the federal government.
|The first US Congress completed and declared the constitution.
|Vermont was accepted as the 14th US state.
|George Washington was sworn in as President of the United States for his second term in Philadelphia.
|John Adams was sworn in as the second President of the United States.
|John Adams became the second President of the US, before he was the Vice President.
|Thomas Jefferson was sworn in as the third President of the United States.
|Thomas Jefferson was sworn in for a second term as President of the United States.
|James Madison was elected as the fourth President of the United States.
|James Madison was sworn in as President of the United States for a second term.
|War of 1812-An American raiding party defeated an attempt byBritish regulars, volunteers from the Canadian militia and NativeAmericans to intercept them near present-day Wardville, Ontario.
|James Monroe was sworn in as the fifth President of the United States.
|James Monroe began his second term as President of the United States.
|In the war between the Osmani regime and Greece, the Greek army massacred 12 thousand Muslims in the city of Tripoliza.
|John Quincy Adams was sworn in as the sixth President of the United States.
|Andrew Jackson was sworn in as the seventh President of the United States.
|Andrew Jackson was sworn in for his second term as President of the United States.
|Martin Van Buren was sworn in as the eighth president of the United States.
|William Henry Harrison was sworn in as the ninth President of the United States.
|Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet Swan Lake debuted at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow.
|James A. Garfield was sworn in as the 20th President of the United States.
|The first electric-powered tram operated in East London.
|Grover Cleveland was sworn in as the 22nd President of the United States.
|Benjamin Harrison was sworn in as the 23rd President of the United States.
|The Forth Bridge, a railway bridge connectingEdinburgh to Fife over the Firth of Forth, opened, becoming aninternationally recognised Scottish landmark.
|Grover Cleveland sworn in as the 24th President of the United States.
|More than 1000 houses were destroyed in the horrific fire in Shanghai.
|Cyclone Mahina struck Bathurst Bay, Queensland, killing over400 people, the deadliest natural disaster in Australian history.
|Theodore Roosevelt was sworn in as President of the United States.
|Transvaal University College established the University of Pretoria.
|William Howard Taft was sworn in as the 27th President of the United States.
|Woodrow Wilson was sworn in as the 28th President of the United States.
|The first known case of the so-called Spanish flu was firstobserved at Fort Riley, Kansas.
|Popular Hindi writer Phanishwarnath Renu was born.
|More than 700 people died in the terrible floods in France.
|Declaration of consultation and conciliation in the British Viceroy, Governor-General Edward Frederick Lindley Wood and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) on the release of political prisoners and the exemption of public use of salt.
|Frances Perkins was appointed United States Secretary of Labor,making her the first female member of the Cabinet.
|For the first time in Germany, the Hindenburg airplane took official flight.
|Second World War: British Commandos successfully executed Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands of Norway.
|Murder, Inc. leader Louis Buchalter was executed, the onlymajor mob boss to receive the death penalty in the United States afterbeing convicted of murder.
|Libya and the Soviet Union signed a cooperation treaty.
|The Magire was convicted for possessing seven explosives which sentenced him to 14 years in prison.
|An earthquake in Romania killed 1541 people.
|Robert Mugabe of the Zimbabwe African National Union waselected to head the first government in Zimbabwe.
|U.S. President Ronald Reagan made a nationally televised address in which he accepted full responsibility for illegal actions in the Iran–Contra affair.
|5 were killed and 94 were injured in a train accident at Purley station in London.
|Iraq released 6 U.S., 3 British and 1 Italian POW.
|US President Bill Clinton withheld federal funds for any research on human cloning.
|Brazil Senate has allowed women to wear slacks.
|Scientists have stated that Comet Hale-Bopp directly above the Sun (1.04 AU).
|Russia has launched Zeya Start-1.
|A bomb exploded at the BBC Television Center in London, UK.
|Landslides in Afghanistan killed 150 people.
|Fourteen-year-old English schoolgirl Charlotte Shaw drowned onDartmoor, becoming the first person to die in connection with the annualTen Tors challenge.
|The new version of the BrahMos missile was tested from Pokhran in Rajasthan.
|Gunmen attacked a bus carrying Sri Lankan cricketers in Lahore, Pakistan. Eight people are killed and several people are injured.
|The International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant forPresident of Sudan Omar al-Bashir on charges of war crimes and crimesagainst humanity regarding his actions during the War in Darfur.
|A magnitude of 6.4 earthquake hit Taiwan. Twelve people are injured. Communications and rail services are disturbed.
|Vladimir Putin won the presidential election of Russia.
|The People's Republic of China will increase its defence spending by 11.2 per cent in the year 2012.
|Vladimir Putin won Russia's presidential election amid allegations.
|An attack in Iraq killed 40 Syrian soldiers.
|Mexican business magnate Carlos Slim tops the list of the 'Forbes' list of wealthiest people. He is having a personal fortune of $73 billion dollars.
|The process of selecting the successor to Pope Benedict XVI has begun. More than 100 Catholic cardinals meet in Rome, Italy.
|President Obama presented his 2015 budget to Congress. He announced that it is a roadmap for creating jobs with good wages and expanding opportunity for all Americans.
|Roman Herculian guard Adrian of Nicomedia, who had converted toChristianity after being impressed with the faith of Christians that hehad been torturing, was martyred.