1857 in History – What happened in year 1857

✅ Published on April 4th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1857 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1857.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1857 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
09 januaryA 7.9 Mw earthquake rupture part of the San Andreas Fault in California and was felt as far east as Las Vegas.
24 januaryThe University of Calcutta, the first modern university in theIndian subcontinent, was established in Calcutta.
10 mayThe Sepoy Mutiny against the company rule by the British EastIndia Company began.
26 mayAmerican slave Dred Scott, who had previously successfully sued for his freedom, was emancipated by Henry Taylor Blow, his original owner.
27 mayNana Sahib was captured at Kanpur. Nana Sahib, born as Dhondu Pant, was an Indian, Maratha aristocrat, who led the Kanpur rebellion during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. He was the adopted son of the exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II.
24 augustThe New York City branch of the Ohio Life Insurance and TrustCo. collapsed following widespread embezzlement, leading to a severerecession that caused about 5,000 businesses to fail.
24 octoberSheffield F.C., the world's oldest association football clubstill in operation, was founded.
31 decemberQueen Victoria selected Ottawa, then a small logging town, to be the capital of the British colony of Canada.
10 MayThe first battle of freedom struggle started from the cantonment of Meerut.
17 MayBritain declares war against France.
18 JulyBombay University was established.
21 SeptemberBahadur Shah II surrendered to the British.
23 SeptemberThe Russian warship Laffert went missing in a severe storm in the Gulf of Finland, killing 826 people.
22 FebruaryRobert Bedle Powell, the founder of the international body of scouts, was born in a religious house in London. He established an international institution of scouts with the aim of bringing forth the youth in the society and helping the weak.
21 MarchThe devastating earthquake in Tokyo, the capital of Japan, killed about 170,000 people.
29 MarchIn Barrackpore Cantonment near Kolkata, soldier Mangal Pandey opened the first shot and started a rebellion against the British Empire. This was the first rebellion in India against the British rule, called the military revolt.
08 AprilMangal Pandey, who fired the first shot at the British, was hanged during India's first freedom struggle.
24 JanuaryThe Universities of Calcutta and Bombay were established as the first multidisciplinary modern universities in South Asia.
24 FebruaryThe first US postage stamp was handed over to the government.
23 MarchElisha Otis established the first elevator in New York at 488 Broadway, New York City).
04 AprilThe Anglo and Persian Wars ended.
10 MayIndian Rebellion of 1857: Indian fighters started rebellion in Delhi from British East India Company.
22 JuneThe Victoria and Albert Museum in London was officially opened by Queen Victoria.
15 JulyIndian Rebellion of 1857: Second massacre took place in Kanpur.
24 AugustThe terror of 1857 was one of the most severe economic crises in US history.
13 OctoberTerror of 1857: New York's banks were not opened until December 12.
09 NovemberFirst copy of Atlantic Monthly magazine published.
31 DecemberQueen Victoria made Ottawa the capital of Canada.

Famous birthdays in the year 1857:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
03 NovemberMikhail Alekseyev / General / Russia
05 JulyClara Zetkin / Activist / Germany
06 January William Russell / Politician / United States of America
08 SeptemberGeorg Michaelis / Politician / Germany
12 SeptemberManuel Espinosa Batista / Politician / Colombia
14 AugustMax Wagenknecht / Composer / Germany
16 JuneArthur Arz von Straußenburg / General / Austria
17 NovemberJoseph Babinski / Academic / France
17 SeptemberKonstantin Tsiolkovsky / Engineer / Russia
18 JuneHenry Clay Folger / Business Man / United States of America
21 March Alice Henry / Journalist / Australia
22 FebruaryLord Baden Powell / Writer / United Kingdom
24 JulyHenrik Pontoppidan / Author / Denmark
24 NovemberMiklós Kovács / Poet / Hungary
24 JulyJuan Vicente Gómez / Politician / Venezuela
25 February Robert Bond / Politician / Canada
26 NovemberFerdinand de Saussure / Author / Switzerland
29 AugustSandford Schultz / Cricketer / United Kingdom
30 March Léon Charles Thévenin / Engineer / France
30 DecemberSylvio Lazzari / Composer / France

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1857:

YearName / Profession / Country
11 JulySir Chettur Sankaran Nair / Lawyer / India
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