1859 in History – What happened in year 1859

✅ Published on April 4th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1859 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1859.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1859 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
04 februaryGerman scholar Constantin von Tischendorf rediscovered theCodex Sinaiticus, a 4th-century uncial manuscript of the Greek Bible, inSaint Catherine's Monastery at the foot of Mount Sinai in Egypt.
17 februaryThe French Navy captured the Citadel of Saigon, a fortress that was manned by 1,000 Nguy?n Dynasty soldiers, en route to conquering Saigon and other regions of southern Vietnam.
04 aprilBryant's Minstrels premiered the popular American songs 'Dixie's New York City as part of their blackface minstrel show.
06 juneQueen Victoria signed letters patent separating the colony ofQueensland from New South Wales.
15 juneThe shooting of a pig in the San Juan Islands led to the so-called Pig War over the border between the United States and BritishNorth America.
30 juneFrench acrobat Charles Blondin crossed Niagara Gorge on atightrope, turning him into one of the world's most famous tightropewalkers.
08 julyCharles XV was accepted as king to throne of Sweden and Norway. His reign ended till his death 1872. In reality he was the 9th king of Sweden but adopted the numerals in name according to fictional history of Sweden.
27 augustEdwin Drake successfully drilled for oil in Titusville,Pennsylvania, US, resulting in the Pennsylvania oil rush and the birthof the modern oil industry.
17 septemberDisgruntled with the legal and political structures of theUnited States, Joshua Norton distributed letters to various newspapersin San Francisco, proclaiming himself Emperor Norton.
16 octoberHoping to start an armed slave revolt, American abolitionistJohn Brown led a raid on the Harpers Ferry Armory in Harpers Ferry, WestVirginia.
15 novemberSponsored by businessman Evangelos Zappas, the first modernrevival of the Olympic Games took place in Athens, Greece.
24 novemberOn the Origin of Species by British naturalist Charles Darwinwas first published, and sold out its initial print run on the firstday.
24 JuneThe Solforino War of Austria with France and Sardenia took place.
28 OctoberSpain declared war against the African country of Morocco.
17 AugustThe letters were sent for the first time through a hot air balloon. \
27 AugustDorabji Tata, who laid the foundation of Tata Steel, was born in Mumbai.
24 JanuaryOil was dug for oil for a depth of 230 meters for the first time.
18 AprilThe leader of the 1857 rebellion Tatya Tope was hanged.
28 JanuaryThe city of Olympia was incorporated into the state of Washington, United States.
14 FebruaryOregon was accepted as the 33rd US state.
21 MarchThe Scotland National Gallery opened in Edinburgh.
06 AprilThe US recognized the Liberal government in the Mexico War for reform.
30 MayBattle of Fetto: The Sardinian army defeated the Austrian army.
30 JuneComstock silver laud was discovered in Nevada.
27 AugustFirst oil by Edwin Drake came out near Titusville Penn.
02 SeptemberGas lighting introduced for Hawaii.
26 OctoberThe steamship Royal Charter was broken off the coast of Welles in England, killing 658 people.
15 NovemberThe first Zappa Olympics were started in Greece.
04 DecemberThe Maketeb-e Mulkiyya school was established in the Ottoman Empire.


Famous birthdays in the year 1859:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 NovemberCharles Brantley Aycock / Lawyer / United States of America
06 JulyVerner von Heidenstam / Poet / Sweden
08 AprilEdmund Husserl / Philosopher / Germany
09 OctoberAlfred Dreyfus / Colonel / France
10 JuneEmanuel Nobel / Business Man / Russia
11 SeptemberVjenceslav Novak / Author / Croatia
12 March Abraham H. Cannon / Religious Leader / United States of America
12 MayWilliam Alden Smith / Politician / United States of America
14 February George Washington Gale Ferris Jr. / Engineer / United States of America
14 JulyWilly Hess / Educator / Germany
15 NovemberChristopher Hornsrud / Politician / Norway
16 SeptemberYuan Shikai / Politician / China
17 DecemberPaul César Helleu / Painter / France
18 SeptemberLincoln Loy McCandless / Politician / United States of America
21 DecemberGustave Kahn / Poet / France
24 SeptemberJulius Klengel / Composer / Germany
26 March A. E. Housman / Poet / United Kingdom
27 March George Giffen / Cricketer / Australia
29 DecemberVenustiano Carranza / Politician / Mexico
30 JulyHenry Simpson Lunn / Politician / United Kingdom
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