1866 in History – What happened in year 1866

✅ Published on April 5th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1866 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1866.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1866 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
18 januaryWesley College, the largest school in Australia by enrolment, was established in Melbourne.
25 februaryMiners in Calaveras County, California, discovered a humanskull that a prominent geologist claimed was proof (later disproven)that humans had existed during the Pliocene age.
06 aprilThe Grand Army of the Republic, a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army who had served in the American Civil War, was founded in Decatur, Illinois.
02 juneFenian raids-The Battle of Ridgeway, the first to be foughtonly by Canadian troops and led exclusively by Canadian officers, tookplace in Ontario.
02 juneFenian raids - The Battle of Ridgeway, the first to be fought only by Canadian troops and led exclusively by Canadian officers, tookplace in Ontario.
11 juneThe Agra High Court was established in India. High Court was established in 1834 but was shifted to Agra within a year. It was originally founded as the High Court of Judicature for the North-Western Provinces at Agra on 17 March 1866 by the Indian High Courts Act 1861 replacing the old Sadr Diwani Adala.
28 julyAt the age of 18, Vinnie Ream became the first and youngestfemale artist to receive a commission from the United States governmentfor a statue—that of Abraham Lincoln in the U.S. Capitol rotunda.
11 JuneAllahabad High Court was established. It was formerly known as Agra High Court.
28 JulyIn the US, the use of the metric system for metering was legalized.
15 OctoberA massive fire broke out in 2500 Canadian houses in Quebec, a French-dominated region of Canada.
11 JanuaryIn England, 220 people died after being hit by the storm 'steamer London.
02 MarchThe needle company Excelsior began sewing machine needles.
19 MarchThe intruder vessel sank at Monarch Leverpull, killing 738 people.
18 JanuaryWesley College was established in Melbourne.
26 FebruaryThe New York Legislature created the Neek Metropolitan Board of Health.
28 MarchThe first ambulance was prepared for service.
08 AprilThe states of Italy and Persia formed an alliance against the Austrian Empire.
02 MayBattle of Callao: Peru's fighters fought the Spanish fleet.
20 JuneKingdom of Italy declares war against Austria
01 JulyThe first constitution of Romania was introduced.
23 AugustThe Treaty of Prague ended the Ostro-Prussian War.
01 SeptemberPublished the first Hawaiian daily newspaper.
15 OctoberViolent fire destroyed 2,500 homes in Quebec.
20 NovemberHoward University was founded in Washington, DC.
18 DecemberWooster's College established in Ohio.


Famous birthdays in the year 1866:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 AprilWilliam Blomfield / Politician / New Zealand
01 AprilFerruccio Busoni / Pianist / Italy
02 February Enrique Simonet / Academic / Spain
02 January Gilbert Murray / Scholar / United Kingdom
03 March Fred A. Busse / Politician / United States of America
06 February Karl Sapper / Explorer / Germany
08 February Moses Gomberg / Academic / United States of America
13 AprilButch Cassidy / Criminal / United States of America
15 March Johan Vaaler / Inventor / Norway
16 JuneGermanos Karavangelis / Saint / Greece
17 DecemberKazys Grinius / Politician / Lithuania
20 February Carl Westman / Architect / Sweden
20 NovemberKenesaw Mountain Landis / Lawyer / United States of America
21 March Antonia Maury / Astronomer / United States of America
21 SeptemberCharles Nicolle / Academic / France
22 March Jack Boyle / Baseball Player / United States of America
24 January Jaan Poska / Politician / Estonia
25 JulyFrederick Blackman / Academic / United Kingdom
27 SeptemberEurosia Fabris / Saint / Italy
29 JuneBartholomeus Roodenburch / Swimmer / Netherlands

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1866:

YearName / Profession / Country
09 MayGopal Krishna Gokhale / Politician / India
15 NovemberCornelia Sorabji / Lawyer / India
09 MayGopal Krishna Gokhale / Politician / India
09 MayGopal Krishna Gokhale / Freedom Fighter / India
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