Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

The Central Bureau of Investigation or 'CBI' is the premier investigative agency of the Government of India. It is imposed to investigate different types of cases related to criminal and national security. CBI works under the Department of Personnel and Training. Although its organization is similar to that of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, its authority and scope are much more limited than those of the FBI.Its powers and functions are defined by the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946. The CBI is the official body of Interpol for India. The present Director of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is "Praveen Sood". The founder and first director of the Central Bureau of Investigation was D.P. Kohli, who held office from April 01, 1963 to May 31, 1968.

Brief Description of Central Bureau of Investigation

Establishment year 1963
Founder D. P. Kohli (Government of India)
Headquarter New Delhi
Current CBI Director (2023) Praveen Sood
Principle Industry, Fairness and Integrity
Jurisdiction India
Contact No. 011 2436 0213

History of Central Bureau of Investigation:

The Central Bureau of Investigation, which was established in the year 1941 by the Government of India under the Special Police Establishment (SPE). The main task of the SPE at that time was to investigate cases of bribery and corruption in transactions in India's War and Supply Department during World War II. The SPE was under the supervision of the War Department. Even by the end of the war, a need was felt for a central government investigative agency to investigate cases of bribery and corruption involving employees of the central government.

Therefore, in 1946 the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act was enacted. The Act transfers the superintendence of the SPE to the Home Department and expands the ambit of its functions to all departments of the Government of India. After the independence of India in the year 1947, it was also merged with the general police system, after which it ceased to exist. It was re-established in the year 1963. The jurisdiction of the CBI extends to all the Union Territories and when the State Government consents, its jurisdiction can be extended to the State as well.

List of Directors of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) since 1963:

Name Take office Discharge
DP Kohli 01 April, 1963 May 31, 1968
F. V. Arul 31 May 1968 06 May 1971
D. Sen 6 May 1971 29 March 1977
S. N. Mathur 29 March 1977 02 May 1977
CV Narasimhan 02 May 1977 25 November 1977
John Lobb November 25, 1977 30 June 1979
R. D. Singh 30 June 1979 24 January 1980
J. S. Bawa 24 January 1980 28 February 1985
M. G. Kaate 28 February 1985 31 October 1989
A. P. Mukherjee 31 October 1989 11 January 1990
R. Shekhar 11 January 1990 14 December 1990
Vijay Karan 14 December 1990 01 June 1992
S.K. Datta 01 June 1992 31 July 1993
K. Vijay Rama Rao 31 July 1993 31 July 1996
Joginder Singh 31 July 1996 30 June 1997
R. C. Sharma 30 June 1997 31 January 1998
Dr. Karthikeyan 31 January 1998 31 March 1998
Dr. T. N. Mishra 31 March 1998 04 Jan 1999
Dr. R. K. Raghavan 04 Jan 1999 30 April 2001
PC Sharma 30 April 2001 06 December 2003
U.S. Mishra 06 December 2003 06 December 2005
Vijay Shankar 12 December 2005 31 July 2008
Ashwini Kumar 02 August 2008 30 November 2010
A. P. Singh November 30, 2010 November 30, 2012
Anil Kumar Sinha December 01, 2012 19 January 2017
Alok Kumar Verma 19 January 2017 23 October 2018
M. Nageswara Rao (Interim Director) 23 October 2018 1 February 2019
Rishi Kumar Shukla 23 October 2018 2 February 2019
Praveen Sood 25 March 2023 Till now

Functions of CBI:

  • CBI is the main investigating agency of the Government of India. It is not a statutory body; It derives its powers from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946. Its important role is to prevent corruption and maintain integrity in administration. It works under the supervision of CVC (Central Vigilance Commission) in matters related to Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
  • To coordinate the activities of various state police forces and anti-corruption agencies.
  • At the behest of the state government, the CBI can take up and investigate any matter of public importance.
  • Maintaining crime statistics and disseminating criminal information.
  • CBI is India's representative for correspondence with Interpol.

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  Last update :  Mon 26 Jun 2023
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  Post Category :  Government Organizations