Kerala History, Geography, Economy, Polity and Districts

Through this chapter, we will know the detailed and important information of Kerala, in which important and interesting information like history, geography, economy, education, culture and world famous tourist places located in the state have been added. Apart from this, the recent developments and changes in the state of Kerala have also been explained in detail. This chapter is full of interesting facts for the competitive aspirants as well as the readers.

Kerala Quick General Knowledge

State NameKerala (केरल)
State LevelState
CapitalThiruvananthapuram
Statehood1 November 1956
Largest CityKannur
Total Area38,863 sq km
Districts14
Current Chief MinisterPinarayi Vijayan
Current GovernorArif Mohammad Khan
State BirdGreat hornbill
State FlowerGolden shower tree
State AnimalIndian elephant
State TreeCoconut
LanguagesMalayalam, English
State DanceKathakali (Classical), Ottam Thulal, Mohiniyattam, Kaikottikali.

Kerala (केरल)

Kerala is located on the southwestern side of India. Its capital is Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum). Kerala is the largest producer of spices, so this state is also known as the 'Spice Garden of India'. Its major neighboring states are Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Puducherry (Pondicherry) state known as Mayyashi (Mahi) is also located under the state of Kerala. Kerala has an area of ​​38,863 sq km and a population of about 33,406,061.

Although the history of Kerala dates back to the Christian era, when the small princely states merged in independent India, the princely states of Travancore and Cochin were merged to form the 'Travancore Cochin' state on July 1, 1949, but the Malabar Madras province (present-day Chennai) ) Remained under The 'State of Kerala' was constituted on 1 November 1956 under the 'State Reorganization Act', 1956, including 'Travancore-Cochin State and Malabar'. The infant mortality rate in Kerala is the lowest among the states of India based on the 2001 census and the number of females is higher than males.
Kerala is situated between the Upper Western Ghats in the east and the Arabian Sea in the west. The width of this region is 35 km M From 120 km Is up to m. Geographically, Kerala is a mountainous region, valleys, intermediate plains and coastal areas of the sea. Kerala is very rich in respect to rivers and ponds. There are 44 rivers flowing in Kerala of which 41 are west flowing and three east flowing. The height of the Western Ghats is about 4920 ft (1500 m) above sea level, its highest peak being 8200 ft (2500). The coastal belt is almost flat and has a large network of many canals, lakes and rivers known as the backwaters of Kerala. Karnataka's state tree is 'coconut'. The state flower of Karnataka is 'Amaltas'. The state bird of Kerala is the 'giant hornbill'.
Kerala is a hot climate region. This state is located at a distance of only 8 degrees from the equator, which is why the weather here is hot. The main feature of the climate of the state is the cool breeze and heavy rainfall. The major monsoon begins with the western monsoon. The second rainy season is the northwest monsoon. Kerala receives about 120 to 140 days of rainfall every year. The average annual rainfall of the state is about 3017 mm. is.

The current Chief Minister of Kerala is Pinarayi Vijayan. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister of the state on 25 May 2016. The first person to become the Chief Minister of Kerala, E.M. s. Namboodiripat was. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister of the state on 05 April 1957.

The current Governor of Kerala is Arif Mohammad Khan. Arif Mohammad Khan is sworn in as the Governor of Karnataka on 6 September 2019.


Kerala accounts for 1.18% of India's geographical area, 2.76% of the population and 4.11% of the country's GDP. The per capita income of the state is 50% more than the national per capita income. The traditional industries of Kerala include handloom, cashew, coir and handicrafts. The total GSDP of Kerala at current prices is Rs. 876,283 crore in 2021-22, an increase of 1% over FY20. The state's GSDP is expected to grow at a CAGR of 11.72% between 2015-16 and 2020-21.
Agriculture is the main means of livelihood of the people of the state. More than half of the state's population relies on agriculture for income. The main crop of Kerala is rice. Other major crops are: coconut, tea, rubber, cashew, black pepper, vanilla, cardamom, cinnamon and nutmeg. The main and traditional sources of exports are coir, cashew, marine products and main power. Black pepper is the main product of spices and Kerala is its largest producer and exporter. Cardamom and ginger are also exported from Kerala.
Kerala has a literacy rate of 94% according to the 2011 census.
The state has mineral deposits like placer, china clay (kaolin), limestone, silica sand, bauxite, graphite, iron ore, granite etc. Major mineral based industries like Indian Rare Earth Limited.
Kerala has a total population of 33,406,061 and its population density is 860 persons per sq km. The growth rate of the state's population is 4.91%. The sex ratio of Kerala is very impressive, which is 1,084 females per 1,000 males. The population of the original tribals in the state is 1.10% of the total population. According to the 2001 census, 56.2 percent of the population of Kerala is Hindu, followed by Muslims, which is 24.7% and then Christian 19%. The people of the remaining religions are 1.1%.
In Kerala, the lungi, also known as kali or kali mundu, is worn by both men and women. The laborers prefer to wear lungi while working. Most men in Kerala use lungi as casual wear or house dress, as it is quite comfortable to wear.
The art-cultural traditions of Kerala are centuries old. From the folk arts, ritual arts, and temple arts to modern art forms, the color forms that make a significant contribution to the cultural life of Kerala are notable. Kerala arts can generally be divided into two classes - one is visual arts and the other is audio arts. Visual arts include the arts, ritual arts, painting and cinema.
Both English and Malayalam languages are taught in the state. Although Malayalam is the regional and official language of the state.
Each caste has its own separate catering in Kerala. Rice is the staple food of the people here. Malayali likes to eat rice mixed with vegetables made of greens, fish, meat, eggs, etc. People here love such dishes which are cooked in steam or fried in oil. Food made by cooking wheat, maida, sweet kheer and kandamools is also eaten here.
Many colorful festivals are celebrated in Kerala. Most of these festivals are religious which are inspired by the Hindu Puranas. Onam is the special festival of Kerala, celebrated during the harvesting season. This festival is organized on the occasion of astronomical New Year. Some of the main festivals of this state include Vishu, Navratri, Deepavali, Shivratri, Thiruvathira, Ramzan, Bakrid, Muharram, Milad-e-Sharif, Christmas, Easter etc.
The Paniyans, Irulas, Kattunaikans and Adis are some of the major "communities" among the tribals of Kerala. AK Balan, Member of Legislative Assembly from Tarud, is the current Minister of Kerala for the welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes.
There are many famous tourist places in this state. The National Geographic Society publication has listed Kerala among the 50 best places in the world. The capital city of Thiruvananthapuram is the center of temples, mosques and churches. Kovalam Beach Resort, Veli, Nair Dam and Pomudi are the places to see here. The main tourist destinations of Kerala include Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary and Kalamandalam Dance Center.
Kerala has the following 14 districts: - Alappuzha, Ernakulam, Idukki, Kannur, Kasaragod, Kollam, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Malappuram, Palakkad, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur and Wayanad.
  • Kerala has a wide range of fiscal and policy incentives for businesses under the Industrial and Commercial Policy and has well-drafted sector-specific policies.
  • In currently, Kerala’s total GDP stood at Rs. 876,283 crore in 2021-22, an increase of 1% over FY20. The state’s GDP will increase at a CAGR of 11.72% between 2015-16 and 2020-21.
  • As of April 2021, the state had a total installed power-generation capacity of 5,836.95 MW, of which 2,189.36 MW was accounted by state utilities, 2,097.20 MW by central utilities and 1,550.39 MW by the private sector.
  • According to the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), cumulative FDI inflow in Kerala was valued at US$ 269.61 million between October 2019 and March 2021.
  • As per the State Budget 2021-22, the government has allocated funds worth Rs. 8,983 crore for agriculture and allied activities.


Kerala FAQs:

𝒜. Kerala state got statehood on 1 November 1956.

𝒜. The capital of Kerala state is Thiruvananthapuram.

𝒜. The folkdances of Kerala state are: Kathakali (Classical), Ottam Thulal, Mohiniyattam, Kaikottikali.

𝒜. The state bird name is Great hornbill and the state animal name is Indian elephant of Kerala state.

𝒜. The current chief minster is Pinarayi Vijayan and the governor is Arif Mohammad Khan of Kerala state.

𝒜. The name of state flower is Golden shower tree and the state tree is Coconut of Kerala state.

🙏 If you liked it, share with friends.