Chhattisgarh History, Geography, Economy, Polity and Districts

Through this chapter, we will know the detailed and important information of Chhattisgarh, in which important and interesting information like history, geography, economy, education, culture and world famous tourist places located in the state have been added. Apart from this, the recent developments and changes in the state of Chhattisgarh have also been explained in detail. This chapter is full of interesting facts for the competitive aspirants as well as the readers.

Chhattisgarh Quick General Knowledge

State NameChhattisgarh (छत्तीसगढ़)
State LevelState
CapitalRaipur (Executive Branch), Bilaspur
Statehood1 November 2000
Largest CityRaipur, Bilaspur
Total Area1,35,192 sq km
Districts27
Current Chief MinisterBhupesh Baghel
Current GovernorAnasuya Uikey
State BirdCommon hill myna
State FlowerRhynchostylis gigantea
State AnimalWild water buffalo
State TreeSal tree
LanguagesChhattisgarhi and Hindi
State DanceGaur Maria, Panthi, Raut Naach, Pandavani, Vedamati, Kapalik, Bharathari Charitra, Chandnani.

Chhattisgarh (छत्तीसगढ़)

Chhattisgarh is India's 26th state. The state of Chhattisgarh was formed on 01 November 2000. The capital of this state is Raipur and its High Court is at Bilaspur. The total area of ​​Chhattisgarh is 135,191 sq km which is just 30% of Madhya Pradesh. Terrain constitutes 4.14% of the total territory of India. Chhattisgarh is the 9th largest state in the country in terms of area. This state ranks 17th in terms of population. There are a total of 27 districts in Chhattisgarh.

In ancient times, Chhattisgarh was known as Dakshin Kosala. Sarabhpuria, Panduvanshi, Somvanshi, Kalachuri and Nagavanshi rulers ruled the region between the sixth and twelfth centuries. The Kalachuri and Nagavanshi rulers ruled the region for a long time. The Kalchuris ruled Chhattisgarh from 980 to 1791. After independence, Chhattisgarh was a part of Madhya Pradesh for 44 years. Later on 01 November 2000, Chhattisgarh came into full existence as the 26th state of the Indian Union by dividing Madhya Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh to the north of Chhattisgarh and Shahdol division of Madhya Pradesh to the north-west, Orissa and Jharkhand to the north-east, Telangana to the south and Maharashtra to the west. The total area of Chhattisgarh is estimated at 135,191 sq km. Chhattisgarh extends from 17˚46 ′ to 24˚05 ′ latitudes in the north and 80˚15 to 84˚20 ′ in the east. This region is a densely forested state surrounded by high mountain ranges. There is an abundance of Sal, Teak, Saja and Bija and bamboo trees here. It is the most egyptian forest found here. Chhattisgarh accounts for about 12% of the total forest area of ​​India. The major rivers of the state are Mahanadi, Shivnath, Kharun, Arpa, Pari and Indravati. The state tree of Chhattisgarh is 'Sal'. The state bird of Chhattisgarh is 'Pahar Maina'. The state animal of Chhattisgarh is 'Wild Buffalo'.
The climate of the state is of a warm-humid monsoon type, commonly known as the tropical monsoon climate or dry sub-humid. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the northern part of the region (Surguja, Korea district), which has a substantial effect on the climate here. There is a partial variation in the climate of the entire state, which is reflected from time to time in the form of rainfall, temperature, etc.

The Legislative Assembly of Chhattisgarh has 90 members. From this state, 11 members go to the Lok Sabha and five members to the Rajya Sabha.

The current Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh is Bhupesh Baghel. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister of the state on 17 December 2018. Ajit Jogi was the first person to become the Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh. He was sworn in as the first Chief Minister of the state on 01 November 2000.

The current governor of Chhattisgarh is Ansuiya Uike. Ansuiya Uike is sworn in as the Governor of Chhattisgarh on 29 July 2019.


The economy of Chhattisgarh is mainly based on mining, agriculture, energy generation and manufacturing. The state has major deposits of coal, iron ore, dolomite and other minerals.

80 percent of the population here cultivates agriculture. The main farming season here is Kharif. Rice is the main crop here. Due to the rich yields of paddy, it is also called the rice bowl and is supplied to 600 rice mills from here. It produces 14 quintals of paddy per hectare. Other important crops of the state are maize, wheat, raw grains, groundnut and pulses. Korea is one of the main regions of the state of Chhattisgarh, where maize is cultivated the most.

Chhattisgarh is one of the states rich in natural resources of India. Its forest revenue is 44 percent of the total forest revenue of the state. It has abundant deposits of limestone, iron-ore, copper ore, rock phosphate, manganese ore, bauxite, coal, asbestos and mica. Agriculture is the main activity of the people in this state surrounded by Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. 80 per cent of the population here does agriculture. Steel and electricity are the major industries of the state. 15 percent of the country's steel is produced in Chhattisgarh.


As per 2001 census report, the literacy rate of Chhattisgarh was 65.18% including male and female literacy rate of 77.86% and 52.40% respectively. The capital Raipur is the main center of higher education in Chhattisgarh. It houses some of the most important departments of education in the state.
Chhattisgarh is one of the states rich in natural resources of India. Its forest revenue is 44 percent of the total forest revenue of the state. It has rich deposits of limestone, iron ore, copper ore, rock phosphate, manganese ore, bauxite, coal, asbestos and mica. Agriculture is the main activity of the people in this state surrounded by Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. About 80 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture. Steel and electricity are the main industries of the state. Chhattisgarh produces 15% of the country's steel.
According to the 2011 census, the population of Chhattisgarh is about 2.55 crores. The population of the state is dense and it is 189 per sq.km.
Women of Chhattisgarh are famous for wearing 'Lughda' (Saree) and 'Polkha' (Blouse) with attractive ornaments and ornaments which was also an integral part of the culture and heritage. Another major textile making technique that is used around the world today is batik, a gift from the heritage of Chhattisgarh.
Song and dance have great importance in the culture of Chhattisgarh. Some of the prominent and popular songs of Chhattisgarh are: Bhojali, Pandwani, Jas Geet, Bharathari Folklore, Bans Geet, Gaura Gauri Geet, Sua Geet, Devar Geet, Karama, Dadaria, Danda, Phag, Chanauni, Raut Geet and Panthi Geet. Among these, Sua, Karama, Danda and Panthi songs are sung with dance. There is a wonderful fusion of tradition and faith in the craftsmanship of Chhattisgarh. Metal, wood, bamboo and clay are particularly popular for archana and ornamentation in the traditional crafts of the place.
The official language of the state is Hindi. However, most of the population of the state speaks Chhattisgarhi which is a dialect of Hindi. Some people in the state also speak Telugu. Oriya, Bhojpuri and Kosali are also spoken in some parts of the state.
The culture of Chhattisgarh has distinctive and rare traditions of catering, which emerge according to every Prahra, Bela, Mausam and Teej-festival. The state's sweet delicacies include tasmai, khurmi, papachi, airasa, dehouri, fara and chaussela and the salty delicacies of the state include typicalari, buffauri, curry, sohari, jumbo and chila. Apart from this, sweets include Babra, Dehrauri, Malpua, Dudhfra, Airesa, Typri, Khurmi, Bidiya, Pidiya, Pappchi, Puran Ladoo, Curry Ladoo, Bundi Ladoo, Parra Ladoo, Khaja, Kochi Pappchi etc. Chhattisgarhi dishes are balanced, healthy and delicious.
Some of the main festivals in this state include Pola, Nawakhai, Dussehra, Deepawali, Holi, Govardhan Puja. Dussehra of Bastar, Ganeshotsav of Raigad and Raut Madhai of Bilaspur are similar festivals, which have their own identity.
There are many castes and tribes in Chhattisgarh. According to Census 2011, out of the total population of Chhattisgarh state, 30.62 percent (78.22 lakh) population belongs to scheduled tribes. Agharia, Gond, Kanwar, Oraon, Halba, Bhatra, Savra etc. are the main tribes. Abujhmadia, Kamar, Baiga, Pahari Korwa and Birhor are the special backward tribes of the state, besides other tribes, whose population is relatively less.
There are many famous tourist places in this state. The main tourist places of Chhattisgarh are Amarkantak, Chitrakoot, Dudhkadimath, Indravati National Park, Keshkal Valley, Kangerghat National Park, Kailash Caves, Kudambasar Caves, Jagdalpur, Bastar and Danteshwari Temple etc.

At the time of the formation of the state of Chhattisgarh, there were only 16 districts, but now Chhattisgarh has a total of 27 districts. The state has the following 27 districts: -

Kawardha District, Kanker District (Uttar Bastar), Korba District, Koriya District, Jashpur District, Janjgir-Champa District, Dantewada District (South Bastar), Durg District, Dhamtari District, Bilaspur District, Bastar District, Mahasamund District, Rajnandgaon District, Raigarh District, Raipur District, Sarguja District, Narayanpur District, Bijapur, Bemetara, Balod District, Balodabazar, Balrampur, Gariaband, Surajpur, Kondagaon District, Mungeli, Sukma


  • At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product (GDP) of Chhattisgarh stood at Rs. 3.62 trillion in 2020-21. GDP (in Rs.) of the state at current prices grew at a CAGR of 9.97% between 2015-16 and 2020-21.
  • Chhattisgarh is presently one of the few states that have surplus power. Korba district in Chhattisgarh is known as the power capital of India. It is also among the few profitable states in terms of utility-based electricity.
  • As of April 2021, Chhattisgarh had a total installed power-generation capacity of 13,076.27 MW, comprising 8,229.83 MW under private utilities, 1,971.05 MW (state utilities) and 2,875.39 MW (central utilities). Energy requirement in the state was 27,303 million units in 2019-20.
  • Chhattisgarh has emerged as one of the most preferred investment destinations in India. The state (including Madhya Pradesh) attracted cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) worth US$ 1.43 billion between April 2000 and March 2020. Between October 2019 and March 2021, FDI inflow in Chhattisgarh stood at US$ 0.03 million.
  • Total merchandise exports from Chhattisgarh are estimated at US$ 1,278.69 million in FY20 and US$ 2,320.29 million in FY21.



    Chhattisgarh FAQs:

    𝒜. Chhattisgarh state got statehood on 1 November 2000.

    𝒜. The capital of Chhattisgarh state is Raipur (Executive Branch), Bilaspur.

    𝒜. The folkdances of Chhattisgarh state are: Gaur Maria, Panthi, Raut Naach, Pandavani, Vedamati, Kapalik, Bharathari Charitra, Chandnani.

    𝒜. The state bird name is Common hill myna and the state animal name is Wild water buffalo of Chhattisgarh state.

    𝒜. The current chief minster is Bhupesh Baghel and the governor is Anasuya Uikey of Chhattisgarh state.

    𝒜. The name of state flower is Rhynchostylis gigantea and the state tree is Sal tree of Chhattisgarh state.

      Last update :  2022-06-28 11:44:49
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