Mizoram History, Geography, Economy, Polity and Districts

Through this chapter, we will know the detailed and important information of Mizoram, in which important and interesting information like history, geography, economy, education, culture and world famous tourist places located in the state have been added. Apart from this, the recent developments and changes in the state of Mizoram have also been explained in detail. This chapter is full of interesting facts for the competitive aspirants as well as the readers.

Mizoram Quick General Knowledge

State NameMizoram (मिजोरम)
State LevelState
CapitalAizawl
Statehood20 February 1987
Largest CityAizawl
Total Area21,081 sq km
Districts8
Current Chief MinisterJoramthanga
Current GovernorKambampati Hari Babu
State BirdMrs. Humes pheasant
State FlowerRenanthera imschootiana
State AnimalSumatran serow
State TreeMesua ferrea
LanguagesMizo, English
State DanceCherav dance, Khullam, Chailam, Swalakin, Chwanglaijwan, Jangtalam etc.

Mizoram (मिजोरम)

Mizoram is a state located in the northeast of the country. Aizawl is the capital of Mizoram and the largest city in the state. The state is situated from Bangladesh in the west, Myanmar in the east and south, Manipur in the north, Assam and Tripura. Mizoram is a mountainous region. The state of Mizoram is also known as the "Song Bird of the East".

After the end of British rule in the year 1891, the state was under the Lushai mountainous region of north of Assam and half of southern part of Bengal for some years. In the year 1898, the two were merged to form a district known as the Padai-Lushai Hills. It was a district of Assam till it became a union territory in 1972. Mizoram became a Union Territory in 1972 when the North Eastern Region Reorganization Act came into force. In the year 1986, a landmark agreement was reached between the Government of India and the Mizo National Front, which resulted in it being granted full statehood on 20 February 1987, thus making Mizoram the 23rd state of the country.
The total area of ​​Mizoram is 8,139.4 sq mi or 21,081 sq km. is. Mizoram means 'land of mountains'. Mizoram is a fusion of the old North and South Lushai Mountains. The highest mountain of Mizoram with steep hills and deep valleys, 'The Blue Mountains' is more than 2165 meters high. The major rivers flowing in Mizoram are Tawang, Chimtuipui, Sonai, Tuival, Talong, Chimtuipui, Tutis, Kolodine and Kamafuli. The longest river of Mizoram is Chimtuipui (Kaladan. The state flower of Mizoram is 'Red Wanda'. The state bird of Mizoram is 'Miss Humes pheasant'. The state tree of Mizoram is 'Ironwood'. The state animal of Mizoram is 'Ciro'. Mizoram. The largest lake of Pala is located in the Saiha district of the state.There are many evergreen forests found in the hill state of the state, which is found very valuable timber like Champak, Iron Wood and Gurjun.
Mizoram has a temperate type of climate. The weather here remains pleasant throughout the year as the Tropic of Cancer passes through it. The average annual rainfall in the state is up to 2,500 mm. The temperature here ranges from 20 degree to 29 degree in summer and between 11 degree to 21 degree in winter.

The government of Mizoram, like any other state in the country, is made up of executive, legislative and judiciary. The executive branch of the state is headed by the governor. The head of the state, like other states, is the governor. Mizoram has 40 assembly constituencies and 01 parliamentary constituency.

The major political parties of the state are Maramaland Democratic Front, Mizo National Front, Mizoram People's Conference, Zoram Nationalist Party, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Indian National Congress.

The state currently has a government of the Indian National Congress. The current Chief Minister of Mizoram is Zoramthanga. The first person to become the Chief Minister of Mizoram, L.S. It was healing He was sworn in as Chief Minister of the state on 03 May 1972.

The present Governor of Mizoram, Dr. Hari Babu Kambhampati. Dr. Hari Babu Kambhampati is sworn in as the Governor of Mizoram on 25 October 2019.


Mizoram is one of the fastest growing economies among the states of India. The GDP growth of Mizoram during the 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012) was 11% higher than the target of 7.8%, which is much higher than the national average of 7.9%. The biggest contributors to GSDP growth are agriculture, public administration and construction.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the state's economy. About 80% of the people of the state depend on agriculture and allied activities. Both terraced farming and jhoom farming are done here. The main crops of horticulture are fruits. These include Mediterranean oranges, bananas, plain fruits, grapes, Hatkoda, pineapple and papaya. Apart from this, anthurium, bird of paradise, orchid, chirasethynum, rose and many other seasonal flowers are cultivated here. Spices include ginger, turmeric, black pepper, mirch (bird's eye mirch). People here have started cultivating palm oil, herbs and aromatic plants on a large scale.
The rate of education in Mizoram has increased rapidly. According to the 2011 census, Mizoram has a literacy rate of 91.58%, which is the third highest literacy rate in India. The formal education system of Mizoram also includes technical courses from primary education. There are about 3900 schools in the state which are private or government managed. Famous higher education institutions of Mizoram include ICFAI University, National Institute of Technology Mizoram and Regional Institute of Paramedical and Nursing Aizawl.

Several types of mineral substances are also found in the state, which mainly consist of sandstone and clayey sandstone, siltstone, shale, greywacke and mudstone.

The people of Mizoram are mainly engaged in silk industry, producing mulberry, eri, coral and tussar silk. Small scale industries of the state mainly include sham industry, handloom and handicrafts industry, sawmills and furniture factories, oil refining, grain milling and ginger processing industries.


According to the 2011 census, Mizoram has a population of 10,97,206 crore. Which has a population of 555,339 males and 541,867 females. More than 80% of the population in the state is Christian, with a large number of Protestants converted by missionaries in the 19th century. Muslim, Buddhist and Hindu logo numbers are quite low here. Chakma Banjara considers the practice of mixing Hinduism, Buddhism, and Zionism.
One of the traditional costumes worn by the women of Mizoram is a traditional dress called 'Puan'. The beautifully intricate design coupled with the perfect fit makes it the most preferred dress for the people of Mizoram. Puanchi is the dress mostly worn by Mizo women during festivals. The main dress is Paval Kut and Chapchar Kut.

The state of Mizoram is very much ahead in music and culture, people here love music very much. The people of the state play drums called khong which are made of wood and animal fat. The main popular dance forms of Mizoram include Charo, Chheh Lam and Khullam. People here attract people to them with simple, beautiful, colorful and beautiful designs.

The most common and favorite traditional dress of women in Mizoram is the Pujan Mizo.


The official language here is Mizo. English is also used a lot due to its importance in education and administrative work. The Mizo language is mixed with the Lai, Mara and Mhar languages.
Rice is the main food of Mizoram. Dishes are served here on fresh banana leaves. Most of the recipes in Mizoram are made in mustard oil. Other main dishes include Woxa, Rape, Kot Peetha, Sampiou and Misa Mach Pura.
Of the various festivals of the Mizo people, today only three main festivals are celebrated 'Chapchar', 'Mim Kut' and 'Thalafwangkut'. Holi, Dussehra, Deepawali, Ganesh Chaturthi are the major festivals of Hindus. The festival of Christmas is also celebrated due to the high number of Christian people in the state.
Mizo people have the highest population in the state. The Mizos themselves are divided into several other species, with the largest number being Lushai people, more than two-thirds of the state's population. The tribes of Mizoram are mainly inhabited by people from the Ralte, Mhar, Poi and Pawai communities. The most prominent of the non-Mizo species is the dodge species. More than 85% of the state's population is Christian and most of them are Presbyterian and Baptist.
Mizoram has a lot of tourist places due to its natural beauty, which attracts tourists. Important tourist places here are Champhai, Aizawl, Phawngpui, Solomon Temple, The Blue Mountains, Wantang Falls, Tamdil Lake, Pala (Palak) Lake, Phongpui Blue Mountain National Park, Murlane National Park, Gangpoi Wildlife Sanctuary, Khawanglung Wildlife Sanctuary, Dampa Tiger Reserve, Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary, Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary etc. are included.

There are a total of 08 districts in the state of Mizoram, Aizawl is the largest district in the state by population, with a population of 400309. Mizoram has the following 08 districts: - Aizawl, Champhai, Kolasib, Longlatai, Lunglei, Mamit, Syah and Serchhip.


  • In FY21, the annual allocation in Mizoram to implement the ‘National Bamboo Mission’ stood at Rs. 70 million.
  • In Mizoram improving road, rail and air connectivity and the establishment of trade routes with neighboring countries, trade facilitation has improved over the last decade.
  • Bamboo forests cover 3,267 sq kms of Mizoram’s geographical area. There is an estimated growing stock of 25.26 million metric tonnes (MMT) of 35 varieties of bamboo in the state.
  • The climatic conditions in the state provide a conducive breeding ground for the commercial exploitation of all kinds of silkworms. Sericulture remains one of the state's key industries. Raw silk production in Mizoram stood at 104 metric tonnes in 2019-20.
  • Mizoram has the potential to generate 4,500 megawatt (MW) of hydro power. As of April 2021, Mizoram had a total installed power-generation capacity of 207.45 MW, comprising hydro (97.94 MW), thermal (71.51 MW) and renewable energy sources (38.00 MW).
  • Natural resources, climatic conditions, and policy incentives in the state support investment in bamboo, sericulture, tourism, agro-products and agro-processing sectors.



    Mizoram FAQs:

    𝒜. Mizoram state got statehood on 20 February 1987.

    𝒜. The capital of Mizoram state is Aizawl.

    𝒜. The folkdances of Mizoram state are: Cherav dance, Khullam, Chailam, Swalakin, Chwanglaijwan, Jangtalam etc.

    𝒜. The state bird name is Mrs. Humes pheasant and the state animal name is Sumatran serow of Mizoram state.

    𝒜. The current chief minster is Joramthanga and the governor is Kambampati Hari Babu of Mizoram state.

    𝒜. The name of state flower is Renanthera imschootiana and the state tree is Mesua ferrea of Mizoram state.

      Last update :  2022-06-28 11:44:49
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      Post Category :  Indian States

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