Manipur History, Geography, Economy, Polity and Districts
Through this chapter, we will know the detailed and important information of Manipur, in which important and interesting information like history, geography, economy, education, culture and world famous tourist places located in the state have been added. Apart from this, the recent developments and changes in the state of Manipur have also been explained in detail. This chapter is full of interesting facts for the competitive aspirants as well as the readers.
Quick General Knowledge
21 January 1972
22,327 km किमी
Current Chief Minister
N Biren Singh
Mrs. Humes pheasant
Thang Ta, Lai Haraoba, Pung Cholom, Rakhal, Nat Rash, Maha Rash, Raukhat, Dol Cholam, Khamba Thaibi, Nupa Dance, Raslila, Khubak Ishei and Lhou Sha.
Manipur is a state located in the northeastern part of India. Imphal is the capital of Manipur and the largest city in the state. Nagaland is situated in the northern part of the state, Myanmar in the eastern part and Assam in the western part, Mizoram in the southern part. The literal meaning of Manipur is 'land of gem' or 'land of gems'. The beauty and grandeur of nature is abundant in Manipur.
The history of Manipur is very impressive. Many kings ruled Manipur. Their sovereignty remained till the early 19th century. The Burmese rulers also ruled Manipur for seven years (1819 to 1825). After this, after the first Anglo-Manipuri war in 1891, this state came under British rule. After the independence of India in 1947, the Manipur Constitution Act was enacted, so that a democratic government could be formed in the state. Manipur received full statehood on 21 January 1972.
The total area of the state of Manipur, located on the eastern border of India, is about 22,347 sq km. is. Manipur is situated in an elliptical valley that extends over 700 square miles. The geographical location of Manipur is visible. The northern and eastern regions have high hills and the plains in the central part are flat. The major rivers of the states are named Manipur, Iril, Chakpi, Sekmai, Khuga, Thoubal, Nambul and Imphal. The state bird of Manipur is 'Miss Humes pheasant'. The state flower of Manipur is 'Siroy Kumudini'. The state tree of Manipur is 'Toon'. The state animal of Manipur is 'Sangai'.
The state of Manipur, located on the eastern tip of India, has a tropical climate. The state receives very less rainfall in summer than in summer. The average annual temperature of the state is 26.9. The average annual rainfall here is 1517 mm. it occurs.
The national political parties of Manipur include the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Indian National Congress. Regional political parties include Manipur Hill Union, Kuki National Assembly and Manipur Janmukti Sena.
The present Chief Minister of Manipur N. Biren Singh is He was sworn in as the first Chief Minister of the Bharatiya Janata Party in Manipur on 15 March 2017. The first person to become the Chief Minister of Manipur was Merembam Koirang Singh. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister of the state on 01 July 1963.
The current Governor of Manipur is La. Ganesan. La. Ganesan was sworn in as the Governor of Manipur on 27 August 2021.
Handloom industry is the largest cottage industry in the state. There are about 7,700 small scale industries in the state. The small scale industries which have helped in boosting the economy of the state include handlooms, village industries, cottage industries and handicrafts. The establishment of some cement industries in Manipur also has a special contribution to the economy of the state.
Agriculture and forestry are the major sources of income in Manipur. The climate here is suitable for growing almost all crops with soil, agriculture and horticulture. The main crop here is rice, grown in about 72% of the state. Paddy, wheat, maize, pulses and oilseeds (like oil, groundnut, soybean, sunflower etc.) are cultivated in abundance in the state. Apart from this, various fruits like pineapple, lemon, banana, orange etc. and vegetables like cauliflower, cabbage, tomato and peas etc. are produced.
In Manipur, 59% literates have studied up to secondary level and 41% have completed secondary and above education. According to the Education Department of Manipur, only 12% are literate graduates. The proportion of higher education in Manipur has increased from 13% in 2004-05 to 30% during 2012-13.
GSI, Ministry of Mines and Minerals, Government of India carried out systematic geological mapping of Manipur and detected number of minerals like limestone, chromite, nickel, copper, malachite, azurite and magnetite and various platinum group of elements (PGE). It is the largest cottage industry in the state. There are about 7,700 small scale industries in the state. Handloom, village industries, cottage industries and handicrafts mainly include small scale industries which have helped in increasing the economy of the state. The establishment of some cement industries in Manipur has also contributed significantly to the economy of the state.
The population of Manipur is 25,70,390 as per the 2011 census. Which is 8,34,154 urban population and 1,736,236 rural population. According to the 2011 census, the total population density is 122, which is 19 points more than the 2011 figure.
A traditional Manipuri dress for women includes a shawl called innafi, a fanek and a wrap around skirt called a sarong. Manipur men wear their traditional dress dhoti with a jacket. A white turban called turban is commonly worn. The superior member of the society wears cloth which is called Khamen Chatpa. Khamen Chatpa is usually worn on ritual occasions.
Manipur is inhabited by people from many cultures such as Kuki, Naga, Pangal and Mizo, who speak many languages. Manipuri dance is the main classical dance of India. It is named after its place of origin (Manipur). This dance is mainly based on the Hindu Vaishnava episodes in which the love affair of Radha and Krishna is prominent. Polo and hockey are popular sports here.
Manipuri is the official language of Manipur. In the year 1992, Manipuri language was added to the 8th schedule of the Constitution of India and thus it received the status of a national language. 4,50,000 people worldwide speak Bishnupriya Manipuri language.
People of Manipur eat fish very fondly. There is a lot of tribal communities here, so there is a mixture of different types of wild vegetation in the food here. The main dishes of the state include nagui nagosing, ushop etc.
Like other states of the country, festivals are celebrated throughout the year in Manipur. This festival is a symbol of the social, cultural and religious aspirations of the people here. Major festivals of Manipur are Lai Haroba, Ras Leela, Chiroba, Ningol Chak-Kuba, Rath Yatra, Eid-ul-Fitr, Emoinu, Gana-Nagi, Louis-Ngai-Ni, Eid ul Zuha, Yoshang (Holi), Durga Puja, My Hochongba, Deepawali, Kut and Christmas are celebrated with great pomp.
The people living in Manipur can be divided into three major tribes which are the Meiteis, the main tribes living in the valley and the mountains. The tribes living in the mountains can be divided into two more sub-castes which are Kuki-Chin and Naga.
This state is known by various names like 'Jewelry of India' and 'Switzerland of the East', Manipur due to its diverse flora and fauna.
The main tourist places of Manipur are Kangla, Govind Ji Temple, Khariam Bandh Bazar (Ima Kaithal), War Memorial, Shaheed Minar, Nupi Lane (War of Women) Memorial Complex, Khogampatt Gardens, Vishnu Temple, Sendra, Marah, Siroi Village, Siroy Pahadia, Duko Valley, Loktak Lake, Dzuko Valley, Cabul Lamjao National Park, State Museum, Kenia Tourist Accommodation, Khogjom War Memorial Complex, etc.
There are a total of 09 districts in Manipur. The largest district by population is Imphal West, while the largest district by area is Churachandpur.
The following 09 districts of the state are: - Bishnupur, Chandel, Churachandpur, Imphal East, Imphal West, Senapati, Tamenglong, Thobal and Ukhrul. Supaul.
Manipur is one of the largest bamboo producing states in India and a major contributor to the country's bamboo industry. In 2017, the state had 10,687 sq km of bamboo bearing area.
Manipur has the largest number of handicraft units as well as the largest number of craftsmen with skilled and semi-skilled artisans in the entire Northeast region.
Total merchandise exports from Manipur stood at US$ 0.95 million in FY 2011. In FY 2011, medical and scientific devices accounted for the majority (55%) of the state's merchandise exports.
As of April 2021, Manipur's total installed power generation capacity was 261.82 MW. The state has the potential to generate hydroelectric power equivalent to 2,200 MW.
The capital of Manipur has an airport in Imphal and Air India provides air cargo services. 11 National Highways, with a total length of 1,750 km, pass through the state.
Indian Railways is building the world's highest ghat bridge over the Ijai River in Manipur. The cost of construction of Manipur Pier Bridge is Rs 2.8 billion. and is scheduled for completion in March 2022.