Through this chapter, we will know the detailed and important information of Tripura, in which important and interesting information like history, geography, economy, education, culture and world famous tourist places located in the state have been added. Apart from this, the recent developments and changes in the state of Tripura have also been explained in detail. This chapter is full of interesting facts for the competitive aspirants as well as the readers.
Quick General Knowledge
|Statehood||21 January 1972|
|Total Area||10,492 sq km|
|Current Chief Minister||Dr. Manik Saha|
|Current Governor||Satyadev Narayan Arya|
|State Bird||Green imperial pigeon|
|State Flower||Mesua ferrea|
|State Animal||Phayres leaf monkey|
|Languages||Bengali, English, Kokborok|
|State Dance||Hojagiri, Boomani, Bijhu, Cheraw, Hai-Hak, Wangala and Sangrai.|
Tripura is a state located in the northeastern part of the country. Tripura is the third smallest state in India. The state capital is Agartala. Its total area is 10,486 square kilometers. The state is surrounded by Bangladesh in the north, west and south. East of the state is Mizoram and Assam. The largest city of the state is Agartala.
Tripura has a long and long history. The old name of Tripura was Kirat Desh, but it is not clear how long Kirat Desh was compared to modern Tripura. The region was ruled by the 'Tivipara' dynasty for many centuries. The boundaries of the state changed with the passage of time.
After India gained independence in 1947, the Tippera district became part of East Pakistan. In 1949, the Queen Regent signed the Tripura Merger Agreement. The state became a union territory in 1956. In 1972 it attained full statehood.
Tripura in Sanskrit means 'three cities'. The state of Tripura is the smallest state in India after Sikkim and Goa. Tripura lies between the river valleys of Bangladesh and Myanmar. It is bounded on three sides by Bangladesh and only in the northeast it is connected to Assam and Mizoram. The nature of this state is characterized by its plains, valleys and mountain ranges. Tripura has five longitudinal mountain ranges that go from north to south. It also runs from the eastern side to Shakhan, Lengthorai, Jampui Hills and Athmura and to the west from Boromura.
The small 2 hills spread in the state are called Tila. Many rivers originate in the neighboring country of Bangladesh from these small hills. The major rivers of Tripura are Dhalai, Khowai, Juri, Longai and Manu to the north, Feni and Muhuri to the southwest and Gumti to the west. The state tree of Tripura is 'Agar'. The state flower of Tripura is 'Nag Kesar'. The state animal of Tripura is 'Fire Langur'. The state bird of Tripura is 'Green Imperial Pigeon'.
The current Chief Minister of Tripura is Biplab Kumar Deb. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister of the state on 9 March 2018. Sachinder Lal Singh was the first person to become the Chief Minister of Tripura. He was sworn in as the first Chief Minister of the state on 01 July 1963.
The current governor of Tripura is Satyadev Narayan Arya. Ramesh Bais is sworn in as the Governor of Tripura on 07 July 2021.
Due to different groups in the state, there are different cultures here. There is a lot of Bengali food, music and literature here in the cities. Tripura is famous for its cane and bamboo handicrafts. Pottery, furniture, fans, reproductions, baskets, home decorations and sculptures are made extensively from cane, wood and bamboo. Dance and music are an integral part of the culture of the state. At the time of Goria Puja, Jamatia and Tripuri people perform 'Goria dance'.
Folk dances of Tripura include Gonaria dance, Hojagiri dance, Lebang dance, Mamita dance, Mosak Sulmani dance, Bijhu dance and Hik-Haq dance.
Tripura has 8 districts, the largest district by population is West Tripura while the largest district by area is South Tripura.
There are total 08 districts in the state which are as follows: - Dhalai, Gomti, Khowai, North Tripura, Sephijala, South Tripura, Unakoti, and West Tripura.
- As per the third advance estimate of 2019-20, the total fruit production in the state is 562.46 thousand MT, vegetables is 811.67 thousand MT, plantation is 50.39 thousand MT and spices is 33.15 thousand MT.
- The state is also rich in natural gas deposits, glass sands, limestone, plastic clay, and hard rock. With its pleasant climate and scenic landscape, Tripura is a favoured tourist destination.
- Total merchandise export from the state stood at US$ 1.75 million during 2019-20. In During April-January 2021, export stood at US$ 10.77 million.
- In March 2021, Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi inaugurated ‘Maitri Setu’, a road link between Bangladesh and India to boost connectivity in the Indo-Pacific region. The ‘Maitri Setu’ bridge has been built over Feni River which flows between Tripura and Bangladesh.
- As of April 2021, Tripura had a total installed power generation capacity of 723.96 MW, of which 153.01 MW was under state utilities, 566.54 MW was under central and 4.41 MW was under the private sector. Of the total installed capacity, 630.05 MW was contributed by thermal power, 68.49 MW by hydropower and 25.42 MW by renewable resources as of April 2021.
The capital of Tripura is Agartala.
The current Chief Minister of Tripura is Dr. Manik Saha and the current Governor is Satyadev Narayan Arya.
Hojagiri, Boomani, Bijhu, Cheraw, Hai-Hak, Wangala and Sangrai. is the main folk dance of Tripura.
The official language of Tripura is Bengali, English, Kokborok.
The state animal of Tripura is Phayres leaf monkey and the state bird is Green imperial pigeon.
Tripura has a state flower Mesua ferrea and a state tree Agar.
The largest city in Tripura is Agartala.
Tripura is spread over an area of 10,492 sq km with the total of districts.
Tripura state was established on 21 January 1972, after which Tripura got the status of a separate state of India.