Tripura History, Geography, Economy, Polity and Districts

Through this chapter, we will know the detailed and important information of Tripura, in which important and interesting information like history, geography, economy, education, culture and world famous tourist places located in the state have been added. Apart from this, the recent developments and changes in the state of Tripura have also been explained in detail. This chapter is full of interesting facts for the competitive aspirants as well as the readers.

Tripura Quick General Knowledge

State NameTripura (त्रिपुरा)
State LevelState
CapitalAgartala
Statehood21 January 1972
Largest CityAgartala
Total Area10,492 sq km
Districts8
Current Chief MinisterBiplab Kumar Deb
Current GovernorSatyadev Narayan Arya
State BirdGreen imperial pigeon
State FlowerMesua ferrea
State AnimalPhayres leaf monkey
State TreeAgar
LanguagesBengali, English, Kokborok
State DanceHojagiri.

Tripura (त्रिपुरा)

Tripura is a state located in the northeastern part of the country. Tripura is the third smallest state in India. The state capital is Agartala. Its total area is 10,486 square kilometers. The state is surrounded by Bangladesh in the north, west and south. East of the state is Mizoram and Assam. The largest city of the state is Agartala.

Tripura has a long and long history. The old name of Tripura was Kirat Desh, but it is not clear how long Kirat Desh was compared to modern Tripura. The region was ruled by the 'Tivipara' dynasty for many centuries. The boundaries of the state changed with the passage of time.

After India gained independence in 1947, the Tippera district became part of East Pakistan. In 1949, the Queen Regent signed the Tripura Merger Agreement. The state became a union territory in 1956. In 1972 it attained full statehood.


Tripura in Sanskrit means 'three cities'. The state of Tripura is the smallest state in India after Sikkim and Goa. Tripura lies between the river valleys of Bangladesh and Myanmar. It is bounded on three sides by Bangladesh and only in the northeast it is connected to Assam and Mizoram. The nature of this state is characterized by its plains, valleys and mountain ranges. Tripura has five longitudinal mountain ranges that go from north to south. It also runs from the eastern side to Shakhan, Lengthorai, Jampui Hills and Athmura and to the west from Boromura.

The small 2 hills spread in the state are called Tila. Many rivers originate in the neighboring country of Bangladesh from these small hills. The major rivers of Tripura are Dhalai, Khowai, Juri, Longai and Manu to the north, Feni and Muhuri to the southwest and Gumti to the west. The state tree of Tripura is 'Agar'. The state flower of Tripura is 'Nag Kesar'. The state animal of Tripura is 'Fire Langur'. The state bird of Tripura is 'Green Imperial Pigeon'.


The climate of Tripura is less hot and humid. The climate of Tripura State is ideally suited for rain. The state has a winter season from December to February, summer from March to June, monsoon from June to September and post monsoon from October to Novimber. The monsoon season, which lasts from June to September, receives more than 2,000 mm of rainfall. During the monsoon season, the state has to face frequent floods due to heavy rains.

The current Chief Minister of Tripura is Biplab Kumar Deb. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister of the state on 9 March 2018. Sachinder Lal Singh was the first person to become the Chief Minister of Tripura. He was sworn in as the first Chief Minister of the state on 01 July 1963.

The current governor of Tripura is Satyadev Narayan Arya. Ramesh Bais is sworn in as the Governor of Tripura on 07 July 2021.


Like other states of India, the economy of Tripura is also based on agriculture. In which tea production is a growing industry in Tripura and offers great scope for investment.
The economy of Tripura is primarily based on agriculture. The main crop of the state is rice. Other cash crops include jute, cotton tea, sugarcane, potatoes, mesta and fruits. The main horticultural products are pineapple and jackfruit. The second-ranked sectors, which include manufacturing and industrial sectors, contribute the largest percentage to the state's gross domestic product.
The literacy rate of Tripura in 2011 was 87.75%. The medium of instruction in most schools in the state is Bengali and English. Apart from this, various regional languages such as Kokborok are also used. State schools are affiliated to CBSE, NIOS, TBSE and CISCI.
In Tripura, the mineral resources are mainly glass sand, limestone, plastic clay and hard rock; All of these materials are being used to a variable degree. However, the single most important resource in the state is oil and natural gas.
According to the 2011 census, Tripura has a population of 36,73,032. It is just 0.3% of the total population of the country. The ratio of men and women in the state is 1000: 961. This is much higher than the national sex ratio of 1000: 940. The density of the state's population is 350 per square kilometer.
Tripuris have their own traditional dress. This type of dress is similar to the rest of the North-East Indian people, but the pattern and design is completely different. The dress for the lower half of the body of women in Tripuri is called rignai and for the upper half of the body the two parts of the cloth are risa and rikutu. The male counterparts wore 'Duti Borok' for the waist and 'Kamachhalvi Borok' for the upper part of the body. But in the modern era, very few people are wearing these clothes except in rural Tripura and the working class. The male has adopted the modern dress of international style gaffa.

Due to different groups in the state, there are different cultures here. There is a lot of Bengali food, music and literature here in the cities. Tripura is famous for its cane and bamboo handicrafts. Pottery, furniture, fans, reproductions, baskets, home decorations and sculptures are made extensively from cane, wood and bamboo. Dance and music are an integral part of the culture of the state. At the time of Goria Puja, Jamatia and Tripuri people perform 'Goria dance'.

Folk dances of Tripura include Gonaria dance, Hojagiri dance, Lebang dance, Mamita dance, Mosak Sulmani dance, Bijhu dance and Hik-Haq dance.


The most widely spoken languages in the state are Kokborok and Bengali. Apart from this, many minority languages are also spoken in the state. Apart from this, many minority languages are also spoken in the state.
The type of food served in the northeastern Indian state of Tripura. Most of the people in the state live on fish, rice and vegetables. The main dishes of the state are barma, bangui rice and fish stalls, bamboo shoots, fermented fish, local herbs, and meat roasts.
Tirthmukh in Tripura and Makar Sankranti in Unakoti, Holi, Unokoti, Ashokashtami, Braha, Bengali, New Year, Garia, Dhamel, Biju and Hojgiri festival, Boat race and Mansa Mangal festival, Ker and Khachi festival, Durgapuja, Diwali in Unakoti (Mohanpur) Festivals like Christmas, Buddha Poornima, Galli Natya Utsav, Chongprem Festival, Khampui Festival, Wah Festival, Cultural Festival (Lok Utsav), Murasing Festival, Sanghati Festival, Baisakhi Festival (Sabroom) are celebrated every year with great pomp.
The various ethnic groups in the state are Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Reang, Jamatia, Koloi, Noesia, Chakma, Musaring, Garo, Halam, Mizo, Kuki, Munda, Mogh, Santhal, Uchoi and Oraon. Bengalis have the largest population in the state.
There are many famous tourist places in this state. The main tourist places of Tripura include Kamal Sagar, Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary, Sephajala Sanctuary, Sephajala, Neermahal Palace, Udaipur, Pilak, Mahamuni, Unokoti, Ujjayant Mahal, Trishna and Rova Wildlife Sanctuary, Jampui Hill, Tripura Sundari Mandir, Kunjaban Palace etc. .

Tripura has 8 districts, the largest district by population is West Tripura while the largest district by area is South Tripura.

There are total 08 districts in the state which are as follows: - Dhalai, Gomti, Khowai, North Tripura, Sephijala, South Tripura, Unakoti, and West Tripura.


  • As per the third advance estimate of 2019-20, the total fruit production in the state is 562.46 thousand MT, vegetables is 811.67 thousand MT, plantation is 50.39 thousand MT and spices is 33.15 thousand MT.
  • The state is also rich in natural gas deposits, glass sands, limestone, plastic clay, and hard rock. With its pleasant climate and scenic landscape, Tripura is a favoured tourist destination.
  • Total merchandise export from the state stood at US$ 1.75 million during 2019-20. In During April-January 2021, export stood at US$ 10.77 million.
  • In March 2021, Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi inaugurated ‘Maitri Setu’, a road link between Bangladesh and India to boost connectivity in the Indo-Pacific region. The ‘Maitri Setu’ bridge has been built over Feni River which flows between Tripura and Bangladesh.
  • As of April 2021, Tripura had a total installed power generation capacity of 723.96 MW, of which 153.01 MW was under state utilities, 566.54 MW was under central and 4.41 MW was under the private sector. Of the total installed capacity, 630.05 MW was contributed by thermal power, 68.49 MW by hydropower and 25.42 MW by renewable resources as of April 2021.



    Tripura FAQs:

    𝒜. Tripura state got statehood on 21 January 1972.

    𝒜. The capital of Tripura state is Agartala.

    𝒜. The folkdances of Tripura state are: Hojagiri.

    𝒜. The state bird name is Green imperial pigeon and the state animal name is Phayres leaf monkey of Tripura state.

    𝒜. The current chief minster is Biplab Kumar Deb and the governor is Satyadev Narayan Arya of Tripura state.

    𝒜. The name of state flower is Mesua ferrea and the state tree is Agar of Tripura state.

      Last update :  2022-06-28 11:44:49
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      Post Category :  Indian States

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