1863 in History – What happened in year 1863

In history, year 1863 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1863.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1863:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
10 januaryService began on the Metropolitan Railway between Paddington And Farringdon Street, today the oldest segment of the London Underground.
26 januaryAmerican Civil War-After the disastrous result of the Battleof Fredericksburg and a failed offensive against Robert E. Lee, UnionArmy General Ambrose Burnside was relieved from command of the Army ofthe Potomac.
29 januaryIndian Wars in North America-The United States Army led by Patrick Edward Connor massacred Chief Bear Hunter and forces of the Shoshone at the Bear River Massacre in present day Franklin County,Idaho.
21 aprilAfter the Ottoman Empire exiled him from Baghdad, Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, began his twelve-day stay in the Garden of Ridván where he declared his mission as 'He whom God shall make manifest'.
02 mayAmerican Civil War-Confederate general Stonewall Jackson was wounded by friendly fire during the Battle of Chancellorsville, leading to his death by pneumonia eight days later.
17 mayRosalía de Castro published Cantares gallegos, a collection of her poetry, the first book in the Galician language.
18 mayAmerican Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant led his Army of the Tennessee across the Big Black River in preparation for the Siege of Vicksburg.
21 mayThe Seventh-day Adventist Church, a Protestant denominationdistinguished by its emphasis on the imminent second coming (Advent) ofJesus, was founded in Battle Creek, Michigan, US.
22 mayAmerican Civil War-Union forces began to lay siege to theConfederate-controlled town of Port Hudson, Louisiana.
09 juneAmerican Civil War-In the largest cavalry engagement in U.S.history, Union and Confederate forces fought to a draw in the Battle of Brandy Station.
03 julyPickett's Charge, a futile Confederate infantry assault againstUnion Army positions, occurred during the final and bloodiest day offighting in the Battle of Gettysburg, marking a turning point in theAmerican Civil War.
13 julyThree days of rioting began in New York City by opponents ofnew laws passed by the United States Congress to draft men to fight inthe ongoing American Civil War.
17 julyThe New Zealand Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealandled by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato.
18 julyAmerican Civil War-Led by Union Army Colonel Robert GouldShaw, the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, the first formal African American military unit, spearheaded an assault on Fort Wagner, South Carolina.
16 augustAfter Spain had annexed the Dominican Republic, rebels raised the Dominican flag in Santiago de los Caballeros to begin the War of Restoration.
19 septemberThe Battle of Chickamauga began in northwestern Georgia andwould end in the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater ofthe American Civil War.
30 octoberSeventeen-year-old Danish Prince Vilhelm arrived in Athens tobecome George I King of Greece.
19 novemberAmerican Civil War-U.S. President Abraham Lincoln deliveredthe Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the Soldiers' NationalCemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
24 novemberAmerican Civil War-As part of the Chattanooga Campaign inChattanooga, Tennessee, Union forces captured Lookout Mountain, helpingthem to begin breaking the Confederate siege of the city.
25 novemberAmerican Civil War-Confederate forces were defeated at the Battle of Missionary Ridge in Chattanooga, Tennessee, opening the door to the Union's invasion of the Deep South.
20 JuneWestern Virginia became the 35th state of the United States.
03 OctoberAbraham Lincoln, the then President of the United States, announced \ 'Thanksgiving Day \' to be celebrated in America.
28 OctoberThe International Red Cross Committee was formed under the conference in Geneva.
08 December2500 people died in a fire at the Jesuit Church in Santiago, the capital of Chili.
10 JanuaryThe world's first underground rail service started in London.
12 JanuarySwami Vivekananda, an Indian philosopher, spiritual teacher, and teacher who brought yoga to Western countries, was born.
26 FebruaryUS President Lincoln signed the American Currency Act.
10 JanuaryThe first underground railway opened in London.
26 FebruaryAbraham Lincoln signed the National Currency Act.
03 MarchThe first American wartime military recruitment bill was enacted.

Famous birthdays in the year 1863:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
03 AugustGéza Gárdonyi / Author / Hungary
04 March R. I. Pocock / Archaeologist / United Kingdom
09 February Anthony Hope / Author / United Kingdom
09 OctoberEdward Bok / Author / United States of America
10 JuneLouis Couperus / Poet / Netherlands
11 March Andrew Stoddart / Cricketer / United Kingdom
11 February John F. Fitzgerald / Politician / United States of America
12 March Gabriele D'Annunzio / Journalist / Italy
12 March Vladimir Vernadsky / Chemist / Russia
13 JuneLucy / Fashion Designer / United Kingdom
13 JulyMargaret Murray / Archaeologist / Britain
14 NovemberLeo Baekeland / Engineer / United States of America
14 AugustErnest Thayer / Poet / United States of America
17 MayLéon Gérin / Lawyer / Canada
18 March William Sulzer / Politician / United States of America
21 JulyC. Aubrey Smith / Actor / United States of America
25 JuneÉmile Francqui / Diplomat / Belgium
27 DecemberLouis Lincoln Emmerson / Politician / United States of America
28 AprilJosiah Thomas / Politician / United Kingdom
29 JuneWilbert Robinson / Baseball Player / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1863:

YearName / Profession / Country
12 JanuarySwami Vivekananda / Freedom Fighter / India
12 January Swami Vivekananda / Philosopher / India
24 MarchSatyendra Prasanno Sinha / Lawyer / India
31 MayFrancis Younghusband / Captain / India
24 MarchSatyendra Prasanno Sinha / Lawyer / India
24 MarchSatyendra Prasanno Sinha / Lawyer / India

By Suresh

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