May 18 in History – What happened on 18 May in Past

18 May - Today in History - Important historical events happened on this day in India and World History

According to Gregory calendar, on May 18, the day number in a year is 138 and if it is a leap year then the day number is 139. May 18 has a special significance in India and world history, because many such incidents have occurred on this day which have been recorded forever in the pages of history. Let's know some such important events which will increase your general knowledge. The facts collected will be as follows: People born on this day, demise of famous people, war treaty, freedom of any country, invention of new technologies, change of power, important National and International Day etc.

May 18 in History - Top Historical Events

YearEvent / Incidence / Incident
1388During the Battle of Buyur Lake, General Lan Yu led a Chinese army forward to crush the Mongol hordes of Toghus Temur, the Khan of Northern Yuan.
1703The serial bombings in Iraq killed 90 people, injured 200.
1756Britain declares war against France.
1756Great Britain declared war against France.
1769The East India Company imposed several restrictions on the weavers of Bengal.
1794Battle of Trecoing: French troops defeated the British Army.
1803Great Britain started a war on France, after which France was not allowed to withdraw from Dutch territory, which led to the war with Napoleon.
1804Napoleon was proclaimed Emperor of France.
1804Napoleon Bonaparte was declared Emperor of the French by the French Senate.
1852Massachusetts rules that all school children must attend school.
1860Abraham Lincoln was elected as the US presidential candidate for the Republican Party.
1863American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant led his Army of the Tennessee across the Big Black River in preparation for the Siege of Vicksburg.
1865Celebration of World Communication Day began.
1869One day after surrendering at the Battle of Hakodate, EnomotoTakeaki turned over Goryokaku to Japanese forces, signaling thecollapse of the Republic of Ezo.
1888The first gramophone record in the United States was played.
1896The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the landmark case Plessy v.Ferguson, upholding the legality of racial segregation in publictran sportation under the 'Separate but equal' doctrine.
1912The first Indian film, Shree Pundalik by Dadasaheb Torne, wasreleased.
1912The first Indian feature length film Sri Pundalik was released.
1917The Selective Service Act of 1917 was passed on 18th May, drafted by then –Captain Hugh S. Johnson to authorize the federal government to raise a national army through conscription. According to the draft all the men between the ages of 21-30 were required to register for military services for the American entry into World War I.
1927Disgruntled school board treasurer Andrew Kehoe set off aseries of explosives in Bath Township, Michigan's elementary school,which had a final death toll of 45 and is the deadliest mass murder in aschool in United States history.
1936In a crime that shocked Japan, Sada Abe strangled her loverKichizo Ishida, cut off his genitals, and carried them around with herfor several days until her arrest.
1940The German army captured Brussels.
1944The Battle of Monte Cassino was ended on May 18, 1944 after 123 days series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by Axis forces during World War II. Operation Diadem, the fourth battle of Monte Cassino took place on 11th May 1944 and was supported by the air attacks named Operation Strangle; on 18th May German position collapsed.
1944World War II-Polish forces under Lieutenant GeneralWladyslaw Anders captured Monte Cassino, Italy, after a four-monthbattle.
1944The Soviet Union forcibly deported the entire population ofCrimean Tatars as special settlers to Uzbek SSR and elsewhere in thecountry.
1950The 12 NATO member countries agreed to form a permanent organization to protect the US and Europe.
1953American Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman pilot to go supersonic on May 18, 1953 when she flew Canadair F-86 Sabre jet aircraft and broke the sound barrier.
1953At Rogers Dry Lake, California, in her Canadair Sabre, AmericanJackie Cochran became the first female pilot to break the sound barrier.
1955Operation Passage to Freedom, the evacuation of 310,000Vietnamese civilians, soldiers and non-Vietnamese members of the FrenchArmy from communist North Vietnam to South Vietnam following the end ofthe First Indochina War, ended.
1956The main summit of Lhotse was first climbed by a Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger on May 18, 1956. It is the fourth highest mountain in the world at 8,516 metres and located at the border between Tibet and Nepal.
1965Eli Cohen, a spy who is credited with facilitating Israel'ssuccess in the Six-Day War against Syria, was publicly hanged afterhaving been captured four months earlier.
1969The fourth manned mission of US Apollo Space program Apollo 10 was launched on May 18, 1969 by NASA with three crew members. Apollo 10 is registered in Guinness World Records for the highest speed attained by a manned vehicle at 39,897 km/h.
1974India‘s first nuclear weapon explosion operation Smiling Buddha was performed on May 18, 1974 at Pokhran Test Range in Rajasthan under the administration of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. India became the sixth nation to do so in the world after Russia, UK, France, China and US who are five permanent members of United Nations Security Council.
1974India became the sixth nuclear power country in the world with its first underground nuclear bomb test at Pokhran in Rajasthan. The trial was named 'Smiling Buddha'.
1980Stratovolcano Mount St. Helens erupted on May 18, 1980 in Skamania, Washington. It is count as the most economically destructive volcanic incident in US history, killing 57 people. It also destroyed 250 homes, 47 bridges, 24 km of railways, 298 km of highways.
1980The stratovolcano Mount St. Helens erupted, killing57 people in southern Washington State, reducing hundreds of squaremiles to waste land, and causing over US$1 billion in damage.
1991Somaliland proclaimed itself as independent state from May 18, 1991 that is internationally not recognized by any other country or organization.
1991The Somali National Movement declared the independence of Somaliland, a de facto state that is internationally recognised as an autonomous region of Somalia, following the collapse of central government during the Somali Civil War.
1991Helen Shrman, Britain's first astronaut, flew to space. 27-year-old Helen departed from Kazakhstan in a Soviet space called Soyuz.
2004Israeli soldiers killed 19 Palestinians in Israel's Rafa displaced camp.
2005A second photo by the Hubble Space Telescope confirmed thediscovery of two new moons of Pluto-Nix and Hydra.
2006May 18 Act was passed by post-Jana Andolan government in 2006 that has been described as Nepalese Magna Carta. This bill reduced the power of king and established the nation as secular country.
2006The Parliament of Nepal unanimously voted to strip King Gyanendra of many of his powers.
2009The Sri Lankan military defeated the Tamil Tigers (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) on May 18, 2009 and thus Sri Lankan civil war came to an end after 26-years of military campaign. Government took the control of north and east part of the country which was earlier under control of LTTE.
2012Social networking company Facebook Inc. began trading on Nasdaq.

Famous Birthdays of May 18:

YearName / Profession / Country
1914Sarukkai Jagannathan / NA / India
1990Yuya Osako / Footballer / Japan
1930Warren Rudman / Lawyer / United States of America
1933H. D. Deve Gowda / Politician / India
1867Minakata Kumagusu / Author / Japan
1971Nobuteru Taniguchi / Racing Car Driver / Japan
1977Lee Hendrie / Footballer / United Kingdom
1999Laura Omloop / Singer / Belgium
1980Diego Pérez / Footballer / Uruguay
1998Polina Edmunds / Skater / United States of America
1975Jack Johnson / Writer / United States of America
1974Nelson Figueroa / Baseball Player / United States of America
1980Michaël Llodra / Tennis Player / France
1927Richard Body / Politician / United Kingdom
1924Jack Whitaker / Sportscaster / United States of America
1969Christabelle Howie / Model / India
1960Jari Kurri / Ice Hockey Player / Finland
1981Ashley Harrison / Rugby Player / Australia
1850Oliver Heaviside / Engineer / United Kingdom
1968Ralf Kelleners / Racing Car Driver / Germany
1960Brent Ashton / Ice Hockey Player / Canada
1878Johannes Terwogt / Rower / Netherlands
1960Yannick Noah / Tennis Player / France
1921Michael A. Epstein / Academic / United Kingdom
1958Rubén Omar Romano / Footballer / Mexico
1970Billy Howerdel / Writer / United States of America
1904Jacob K. Javits / Politician / United States of America
1897Frank Capra / Producer / United States of America
1777John George Children / Chemist / United Kingdom
1963Marty McSorley / Ice Hockey Player / Canada

The day in other months: January 18 | February 18 | March 18 | April 18 | May 18 | June 18 | July 18 | August 18 | September 18 | October 18 | November 18 | December 18

By Suresh

Investing my time and efforts to help students those are preparing for competitive exams. Hope content available here will be useful for you. If you like the content, please share with friends. All the Best!

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