Bosnia and Herzegovina History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Bosnia and Herzegovina has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Bosnia and Herzegovina and important events related to Bosnia and Herzegovina history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Country Profile

CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
CurrencyBosnia-Herzegovina Convertible Marka
FounderAlija Izetbegović

Bosnia and Herzegovina History

The country has a rich but complex history, first inhabited by South Slavic peoples who today populate the area from the 6th to 9th centuries. The 12th-century ban of Bosnia was established, which developed into the Kingdom of Bosnia in the 14th century, after which it was merged into the Ottoman Empire, under whose rule it was from the mid-15th century to the 19th century. Ottomans brought Islam to the region, and greatly changed the cultural and social outlook of the country. It was then merged into the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, which lasted until World War I. Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the interwar period, was part of the empire of Yugoslavia and after World War II, it was granted full republic status in the new constituted Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. After the dissolution of Yugoslavia, in 1992 the Republic declared independence.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography

Bosnia is in the Western Balkans, bordering Croatia (932 km) to the north and west, Serbia (302 km) to the east and Montenegro (225 km) to the southeast. Neem is around 20 km long around the city. The name of the country comes from two alleged regions Bosnia and Herzegovina whose border was never defined. Historically, Bosnia's official name did not include any of its many territories until the annexation of Austria-Hungary.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Economy

The war in the 1990s caused a dramatic change in the Bosnian economy. GDP fell to 60% and the destruction of physical infrastructure devastated the economy. Despite a lot of production capacity being unrestricted, the Bosnian economy still faces considerable difficulties. Statistics show that GDP and per capita income have risen by 10% from 2003 to 2004 and Bosnia's shrinking national debt has a negative trend and high unemployment at 38.7% and a large trade deficit remains a cause for concern.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Language

The constitution of Bosnia does not specify any official language. However, academics Hilary Footit and Michael Kelly have stated in the Dayton Agreement that it has been done in "Bosnian, Croatian, English and Serbian", and they describe it as "the de facto recognition of the three official languages" at the state level .

Bosnia and Herzegovina Important Facts

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina is officially called the State of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is a sovereign country located in the west of Asia.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina are bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east and Montenegro to the south.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina have a Federal Democratic Republic.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina gained independence from Yugoslavia on 01 March 1992.
  • The total area of ​​Bosnia and Herzegovina is 51,129 square kilometers (19,767 sq mi).
  • The three official languages ​​of Bosnia and Herzegovina are Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian.
  • The currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is named Convertible Mark.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2016 was 32.5 lakhs.
  • Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, was the first city in Europe to have a full-time electric tram.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina are also known as Heart shaped lands due to the slight heart shape of the country.
  • In 1984, Sarajevo hosted the Winter Olympics. It was the first time a socialist country had hosted the Olympics.
  • The Sarajevo Film Festival was created in 1995 during the Bosnian War. It has now become the largest and most famous film festival in the Balkans and southeast Europe.
  • The Summer Paralympics became the 2004 World Champion of Bosnia and Herzegovina Volleyball.
  • In 2002, Bosnia and Herzegovina director Danis Tanovich won an Oscar award for Best Foreign Film, No Man's Land.
  • The Peruchika forest is the last forest in the continent of Europe, located in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Important History Events

  • 06 october 1908 - Austria-Hungary announced the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, causing a crisis that permanently damaged their relations with Russia and the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 25 june 1991 - Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was the Yugoslav state that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II. It was a socialist state and a federation made up of six socialist republics: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia.
  • 22 May 1992 - Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia joined the United Nations.
  • 11 july 1995 - Bosnian Genocide-Bosnian Serb forces began the Srebrenicamassacre in the region of Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, eventuallykilling an estimated total of 8,000 Bosniaks.
  • 30 august 1995 - Bosnian War-NATO began its bombing campaign against the Armyof Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 20 december 1995 - As per the Dayton Agreement that ended the Bosnian War, the NATO-led FOR began peacekeeping operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Populated Cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Zenica, Mostar, Tuzla, Prijedor, Brcko,

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