Czech Republic has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Czech Republic and important events related to Czech Republic history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Czech Republic Country Profile
Czech Republic History
In the 19th century, Czech lands became more industrialized and were part of the first Czechoslovak Republic after the fall of Austria-Hungary after World War I. After the Munich Agreement in 1938, Nazi Germany systematically and violently took control of Czech lands. Czechoslovakia was restored until 1 January 1993 in 1945, when it dissolved, its constituent states becoming independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic is also a member of NATO, EU, OECD, OSCE and CoE.
Czech Republic Geography
The Czech Republic Bohemia, to the west, consists of a basin originating from the Elbe and Veltava rivers, mostly surrounded by low mountains. The highest point in the country, Snuka at 1,603 meters (5,259 ft), is located here. Morvi is also a hill in the eastern part of the country. It is mainly drained by the Morwa River, but also includes the source of the Oder River. The Czech Republic belongs to the Central European Province of the Circumborl region, within the Boreal Empire. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, the territory of the Czech Republic can be divided into four zones of Western European wide forest, Central European mixed forest, Pannonian mixed forest, and Carpathian montnifer forester.
Czech Republic Economy
The Czech Republic has a developed, high-income export-oriented social market economy based on services, manufacturing and innovation, maintaining a welfare state and European social model. The Czech Republic participates in the European Single Market as a member of the European Union and is therefore a part of the EU economy, but uses its own currency, the Czech Koruna, rather than the Euro. Monetary policy is governed by the Czech National Bank, whose independence is guaranteed by the Constitution. The Czech Republic ranks 13th in the United Nations Inequality-adjusted Human Development and 14th in the World Bank Human Capital Index. It was described by The Guardian as "one of Europe's most prosperous economies".
Czech Republic Language
Czech is a West Slovenian language, it is the majority language in the Czech Republic and the worldwide language spoken by Czech. The Czech language is one of 23 official languages in the European Union.
Czech Republic Important Facts
- The Czech Republic, officially called the Czech Republic, is a country located in the continent of Europe.
- The Czech Republic borders Poland on the north eastern border, Germany on the western border, Austria in the south and Slovakia in the east.
- The Czech Republic has a system of constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system.
- The Czech Republic was formed on 01 January 1993 at the partition of Czechoslovakia.
- The total area of the Czech Republic is 78,866 sq km (30,450 sq mi).
- The official language of the Czech Republic is Czech.
- The name of the currency of the Czech Republic is the Czech Koruna.
- According to the World Bank, the total population of the Czech Republic in 2016 was 1.06 crore.
- Snezka, the highest mountain in the Czech Republic, has an altitude of 1,603 meters or 5,259 feet.
- Prague Palace, the world's largest ancient palace in the Czech Republic, is 570 meters in length and 128 meters in width.
- According to the 2017 Global Peace Index, the Czech Republic is the sixth safest country to live in the world.
- The Czech Republic is one of the least religiously populated countries in the world, with only 19 percent of people believing in God.
- The Czech Republic joined the European Union in 2004 after several changes in its territories and leadership.
- To the delight of tea drinkers around the world, the sweet little sugar cube was invented in Moravia by Jacob Christoph Rad (patented in 1843).
- The oldest garden in Prague is the Wozan Garden, which was part of a medieval garden in the year 1248.
Czech Republic Important History Events
- 19 July 1702 - The Swedish army led by King Charles captured the city of Kraków in the Czech Republic.
- 14 November 1960 - 110 people died in two rail collisions in the Czech Republic.
- 25 november 1992 - Because of growing nationalist tensions in the country over economic differences the Czechoslovakia Federal Assembly votes to split the country into two countries the Czech Republic and Slovakia from January 1st, 1993.
- 08 July 1997 - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) invited Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic to join the organization.
- 13 December 2002 - The European Union was expanded. Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Slovakia were included.
- 01 may 2004 - 2004 enlargement of European Union occurred on 1 May as Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia joined the EU. It was the largest single expansion of the European Union, in terms of territory, number of states and population.
- 08 august 2008 - Eight people died and 64 more were injured when a Euro City express train en route to Prague, Czech Republic struck a part of amotorway bridge that had fallen onto the track near Studénka station inthe Czech Republic and derailed.
- 13 august 2011 - Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, has its first gay pride march ever. The event was supervised by three hundred police, while thousands marched throughout the city.