Belgium History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Belgium has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Belgium and important events related to Belgium history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Belgium Country Profile

CountryBelgium
CapitalMinsk
CurrencyEuro
ContinentEurope

Belgium History

First century BC In, the Romans formed the province of Gallia Belgica after defeating local tribes. The gradual immigration by Germanic Frankish tribes during the 5th century placed the region under the rule of the Merovingian kings. The gradual shift of power during the 8th century prompted the Franks kingdom to develop into a Carolingian empire. The Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) divided the Low Countries into northern United Provinces (Belgica Fodrata in Latin, "Federated Netherlands") and Southern Netherlands (Belgica Regia, "Royal Netherlands"). The latter was successively ruled by Spain and the Austrian Habsburgs and included most of modern Belgium.

Belgium Geography

Belgium is a federal state located in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea. Belgium shares borders with France (556 km, Germany (133 km), Luxembourg (130 km) and the Netherlands (478 km). Belgium comprises the areas of Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels. Belgium has three main geographical regions ; Both the Coastal Plain and the Middle Plateau in the northwest belong to the Anglo-Belgian Basin, and the Ardennes to the Harkinian Orogenic Belt in the southeast. The Paris Basin reaches Belgium Lorraine, a small fourth region at the southern end of Belgium.

Belgium Economy

Belgium's strongly globalized economy and its transport infrastructure are integrated with the rest of Europe. Its location in the center of the highly industrialized region helped make it the 15th largest trading nation in the world in 2007. The economy is characterized by a highly productive work force, high GNP and high exports per capita. Belgium's main imports are raw materials, machinery and equipment, chemicals, raw diamonds, pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, transport equipment, and oil products. Its main exports are machinery and equipment, chemicals, finished diamonds, metals and metal products, and foods.

Belgium Language

Belgium has three official languages: Dutch, French and German. Many non-official minority languages are also spoken. As no census exists, there are no official statistical figures regarding the distribution or use of the three official languages of Belgium or their dialects.

Belgium Important Facts

  • Belgium is officially called the Kingdom of Belgium, a country located in the northwestern part of Europe.
  • Belgium borders Iraq to the north and west, and Saudi Arabia to the north.
  • Belgium gained independence from the Netherlands on 04 October 1830.
  • The total area of ​​Belgium is 30,528 square kilometers (11,787 square miles).
  • Belgium has three official language languages ​​- French, German and Dutch. The name of the Belgian currency is Euro.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Belgium in 2016 was 11.1 million.
  • The largest agricultural, forestry and agri-food fair in Europe is held in Foyer de Libramont, Belgium.
  • Belgium is one of the rare countries in the world where education up to the age of 18 is compulsory.
  • In 2006, camel racing was started in Belgium, which is now played in most Arab countries.
  • Brussels International Airport is the world's largest chocolate selling location.
  • Belgium has the lowest wage differential between men and women in European territorial countries.
  • The world's largest sand sculpture festival is also organized by Belgium.
  • In 1999, the world's first beer academy was opened in Herc-de-Stadt in Limburg province.
  • Belgium is the first country in the world to ban cluster bombs.
  • The first skyscraper in Europe was built in Antwerp in 1928. It is the second tallest structure in the city after De Borentoran (called the Farmer's Tower) and the Cathedral of Our Lady.

Belgium Important History Events

  • 11 may 1745 - War of the Austrian Succession: French forces defeated the Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian 'Pragmatic Army' at the Battle of Fontenoy in the Austrian Netherlands in present-day Belgium.
  • 15 june 1815 - The Duchess of Richmond held a ball in Brussels, Belgium, that was described as 'the most famous ball in history'.
  • 18 june 1815 - War of the Seventh Coalition-Napoleon Bonaparte fought andlost his final battle, the Battle of Waterloo in present-day Belgium.
  • 04 October 1830 - The Kingdom of Belgium broke away from the Netherlands.
  • 04 October 1830 - The provisional government announced the separation of Belgium from the Netherlands.
  • 20 December 1830 - The independence of Belgium was recognized by the great powers.
  • 21 July 1831 - Belgium gained independence from the Netherlands and Leopold became the first king.
  • 07 February 1831 - The European country, Belgium, accepted the constitution.
  • 04 June 1831 - Leopold van Saxon-Coburg was elected as King of Belgium by the National Congress.
  • 02 August 1831 - The Netherlands army captured Belgium after a campaign of ten days.

Populated Cities of Belgium

Antwerpen, Mons, Liege, Hasselt, Gent, Charleroi, Arlon, Brussels, Brugge, Namur,

5 Neighbour countries of Belgium

France [LM] , Germany [L] , Luxembourg [L] , Netherlands [LM] , United Kingdom [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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