Serbia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Serbia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Serbia and important events related to Serbia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Serbia Country Profile

CurrencySerbian dinar
FounderSaint Sava, Stefan Nemanja

Serbia History

Inhabited continuously since the Palaeolithic era, the region of modern-day Serbia faced Slavic migration to southeastern Europe in the 6th century, establishing several regional states in the early Middle Ages, byzantines, Frankish and Hungarian States were recognized as tributaries. The Serbian Empire, recognized by the Holy See and Constantinople in 1217, reached its territorial apex in 1346 as a relatively small Serbian kingdom. By the middle of the 16th century, the Ottomans wiped out the entirety of modern-day Serbia; His rule was interrupted several times by the Habsburg Empire, which began to expand towards Central Serbia while maintaining a foothold in Vojvodina from the late 17th century.

In the early 19th century, the Serbian Revolution established the nation-state as the region's first constitutional monarchy, which later expanded its territory. After catastrophic casualties in World War I, and the integration of the former Habsburg crown of Vojvodina (and other lands) with Serbia, the country co-founded Yugoslavia with other South Slavic countries, leading to various political structures until the Yugoslav Wars Will be present in In the 1990s. During the break-up of Yugoslavia, Serbia formed a union with Montenegro, which was peacefully dissolved in 2006, restoring Serbia's independence for the first time since 1918. In 2008, the Parliament of Kosovo Province unilaterally declared independence.

Serbia Geography

Situated at the crossroads between central and southern Europe, Serbia lies in the Balkan Peninsula and the Pannonian Plain. It is ranked 113th in the world, except Kosovo, with a total area of ​​77,474 km2, which would rank 117th. The terrain of the central part of the country, which has the area of ​​Šumadija at its heart, consists mainly of hills descended by rivers. There are mountains in the southern third of Serbia. Following the flow of the rivers Drina and Ibar, the Dinic Alps extend to the west and southwest. The Carpathian Mountains and the Balkan Mountains stretch in a north-south direction in eastern Serbia.

Serbia Economy

Serbia has an emerging market economy in the upper-middle income range. According to the International Monetary Fund, Serbian nominal GDP in 2018 is officially estimated at $ 50.651 billion, or $ 7,243 per capita, while purchasing power parity GDP was $ 122.759 billion, or $ 17,555 per capita. The economy is dominated by services that account for 67.9% of GDP, followed by agriculture at 26.1% of the industry's GDP and 6% of GDP. The official currency of Serbia is Serbian Dinar (ISO code: RSD), and the central bank is the National Bank of Serbia. The Belgrade Stock Exchange is the only stock exchange in the country, with a market capitalization of $ 8.65 billion and the BELEX15 as the main index representing the 15 most liquid stocks.

Serbia Language

The official language is Serbian, native to 88% of the population. Serbian is the only European language with an active digraphia, using both Cyrillic and Latin letters. The Serbian Cyrillic is designated as an "official script" in the constitution and was formulated in 1814 by the Serbian philosopher Vuk Karadesi, which based it on sound principles. A 2014 survey showed that 47% of Serbians favor the Latin alphabet, 36% favor Cyrillic and 17% have no preference.

Serbia Important Facts

  • Serbia, officially called Republic of Serbia, is a country located in the continent of Europe.
  • Serbia is bordered on the north by Hungary, on the east by Romania and Bulgaria, on the south by Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the west by Montenegro and Albania.
  • Serbia formed a consortium with Montenegro in 1992 and separated again in 2006 to become independent.
  • Serbia later gained independence from the Ottoman Empire on 5 June 2006.
  • 18 Roman emperors were born in modern Serbia between the third and fourth centuries. This number is the fifth of all Roman rulers.
  • The total area of ​​Serbia is 17,818 sq km. (6,880 square miles).
  • About 58% of Serbia is in the agricultural sector, while about 31.6% of the country is forested.
  • Serbian is the official language of Serbia.
  • The name of the currency of Serbia is Serbian dinar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Serbia in 2016 was 70.6 million.
  • Serbia was ranked 66th in the world in the Human Development Index 2017 published on 21 March.
  • Serbia spends 10.6% and 4.8% of its GDP on health-related expenditure and education respectively.
  • Serbia became a member of the UNESCO Executive Board in 2015.
  • Serbia is the largest exporter of raspberries in the world. It contributes 30% of Raspberry to the international market.
  • As of 2017, Ivo Andric is the only Nobel laureate from Serbia. He has won the Honored Award for Literature in 1961.

Serbia Important History Events

  • 06 january 1322 - Having defeated his half-brother Stephen Constantine in battle,Stephen Decanski was crowned King of Serbia.
  • 08 September 1331 - Stephen Uros IV proclaimed himself King of Serbia.
  • 15 june 1389 - The Ottoman Empire defeats Serbs and Bosnians during Kosov War. The Battle of Kosov took place on 15 June 1389 between the army led by the Serbian Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović, and the invading army of the Ottoman Empireunder the command of Sultan Murad Hüdavendigâr.
  • 15 June 1389 - Ottoman Turkish) Empire defeated Serbia in the Battle of Kosovo.
  • 10 july 1856 - Nikola Tesla was born. He was an Serbian American engineer and inventor. His contribution to the electronics is huge. He played a major role in design of alternating current flow. The standard unit of flux is given name of Tesla to honour the great scientist.
  • 30 June 1876 - Serbia declared war with Turkey.
  • 16 June 1881 - Austria and Hungary signed military treaties with Serbia.
  • 16 June 1881 - Austria - Hungary and Serbia signed military treaties.
  • 06 october 1908 - Austria-Hungary announced the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, causing a crisis that permanently damaged their relations with Russia and the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 24 october 1912 - First Balkan War-Serbian forces defeated the Ottoman army atthe Battle of Kumanovo in Vardar Macedonia.

Populated Cities of Serbia

Zrenjanin, Nis, Novi Sad, Kragujevac, Cacak, Belgrade, Subotica, Bela Palanka, Beocin, Svrljig, Sokobanja, Boljevac, Zajecar, Bor, Negotin, Kladovo, Majdanpek, Golubac, Kucevo, Zagubica, Petrovac na Mlavi, Despotovac, Svilajnac, Doljevac, Merosina, Aleksinac, Blace, Brus, Krusevac, Aleksandrovac, Vrnjacka Banja, Trstenik, Varvarin, Cicevac, Razanj, Paracin, Cuprija, Jagodina, Rekovac, Ada, Alibunar, Apatin, Prijepolje, Raca, Raska, Ruma, Senta, Secanj, Sjenica, Smederevo, Smederevska Palanka, Sombor, Srbobran, Sremska Mitrovica, Sremski Karlovci, Stara Pazova, Temerin, Titel, Topola, Tutin, Ub, Uzice, Valjevo, Veliko Gradiste, Vladimirci, Vrbas, Vrsac, Gornji Milanovac, Indija, Irig, Ivanjica, Kanjiza, Kikinda, Knic, Koceljeva, Kosjeric, Kovacica, Kovin, Kraljevo, Krupanj, Kula, Lajkovac, Lapovo, Ljig, Ljubovija, Loznica, Lucani, Mali Idos, Mali Zvornik, Malo Crnice, Mionica, Nova Crnja, Nova Varos, Novi Becej, Novi Knezevac, Novi Pazar, Odzaci, Opovo, Osecina, Pancevo,

9 Neighbour countries of Serbia

Bosnia and Herzegovina [L] , Bulgaria [L] , Croatia [L] , Hungary [L] , Kosovo [L] , Macedonia [L] , Montenegro [L] , Romania [L] , Serbia [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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