Albania History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Albania has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Albania and important events related to Albania history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Albania Country Profile

CurrencyAlbanian Lek

Albania History

This region was part of the Roman Empire from the second to the fourth century. For the next 1000 years it was part of the Greek-speaking Ostromeriz. This was followed by the Ottoman suzerainty of about 500 years, which ended after the Balkan War and Albania became an independent country in 1912. After the First Balkan War, Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire. The situation in the country was still turbulent. Italy took over during World War II, but it continued to have communist opposition under the leadership of Enver Hocza and the Communists took power after the Italians left the country.

Albania Geography

Albania has an area of 28,748 square kilometers. Its coastline adjoins the Adriatic and Ionian seas. The lowlands of the west face towards the Adriatic Sea. 70% of the country's landscape is mountainous and access from outside is often inaccessible. The highest mountain, Korab mountain, is situated in the district of Dibra and is 2,753 meters high. The high regions of the country have a continental climate with cool winters and summers. Apart from the capital Tirana, other major cities are Durres (Korçë), Ilbasan, Elkasan, Shkodër, Girokastër, Vlore (Vlorë) and Kukës. The three largest and deepest tectonic lakes of the Balkan Peninsula lie partly in Albania.

Albania Economy

The transformation from a socialist planned economy to a capitalist mixed economy in Albania has been largely successful. The country has a developing economy classified by the World Bank as an upper-middle income economy. In 2016, it was the 4th lowest unemployment rate in the Balkans with an estimated value of 14.7%. Its largest trading partners are Italy, Greece, China, Spain, Kosovo and the United States. Lek (ALL) is the country's currency and is pegged at around 132,51 lek per euro.

Albania Language

The main language of Albania is Albanian, which is an Indo-European language. It is also spoken in Macedonia, Montenegro, Kosovo, and Arbëresh in Italy and Arvanites of Greece in addition to Albania.

Albania Important Facts

  • Albania was part of the Roman Empire from the second to the fourth century. After the First Balkan War, Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire. Albania became an independent country in the year 1912.
  • Albania is bordered by Kosovo to the north, Montenegro to the northwest, former Yugoslavia to the east, and Greece to the south.
  • The total area of ​​Albania is 28,748 sq km. (6,880 square miles).
  • The capital of Albania is Tirana and is also the largest city in the country.
  • The official language of Albania is Albanian. The other two major languages ​​here are Macedonian and Greek.
  • The name of Albania's currency is Lake.
  • In Albania, the body is headed by the President, who is elected by the Kuwendi populler or assembly. The 155 members of the Legislative Assembly are elected by elections held every 5 years.
  • The highest mountain in Albania is the Corab Mountains, located in the district of Dibra, and its height is 2,753 meters (9,030 ft).
  • In 1967, Albania became the first atheist country in the world. More than 90% of the population here do not believe in recitation, worship and God.
  • Albania is a poor country based on Eastern European standards. Albania's per capita GDP was only 25% of the EU average in the year 2008.
  • According to the data for the year 2009, Albania has a literacy rate of 98.7%, of which male literacy is 99.2% and female literacy rate is 9 8.3%.
  • Children in Albania are provided with primary and secondary education for free.
  • The Albanian national and ethnic symbol is the eagle, this symbol appears in stone carvings dating from the year 1190.
  • The transportation facility in the country of Albania is underdeveloped. There are only 4 airports in the country, only 677 km of rail facilities are available. There are a total of 18,000 km of roadways in the country.

Albania Important History Events

  • 28 november 1443 - Rebelling against the Ottoman Empire, Skanderbeg and his forcesliberated Kruja in Middle Albania and raised the Albanian flag.
  • 28 november 1443 - Having deserted the army of the Ottoman Empire, Skanderbeg wentto Krujë in Middle Albania and using a forged letter from SultanMurad II to the Governor of Krujë, became lord of the city.
  • 02 march 1444 - Skanderbeg organised the League of Lezhë, an alliance of Albanian principalities that is regarded as the first unified Albanian state.
  • 29 june 1444 - Skanderbeg defeated an Ottoman invasion force at Torvioll. Skanderbeg was a 15th-century Albanian nobleman. The Battle of Torvioll, also known as the Battle of Lower Dibra, was fought on the Plain of Torvioll, in what is modern-day Albania. Skanderbeg was an Ottoman captain of Albanian origin who decided to go back to his native land and take the reins of a new Albanian rebellion.
  • 29 june 1444 - Albanians led by Skanderbeg scored a resounding victory intheir rebellion against the Ottoman Empire.
  • 24 july 1910 - Ottoman forces captured the city of Shkodër to put down theAlbanian Revolt of 1910.
  • 04 september 1912 - The Albanian Revolt of 1912 came to an end when the Ottoman government agreed to meet the rebels' demands.
  • 27 November 1912 - Albania adopted the national flag.
  • 28 November 1912 - Ismail Qadri declared independence from Turkey to Albania.
  • 30 may 1913 - The Treaty of London was signed to deal with territorialadjustments arising out of the conclusion of the First Balkan War,declaring, among other things, an independent Albania.

Populated Cities of Albania

Vlore, Tirana, Fier, Bajram Curri, Erseke, Puke, Korce, Berat, Lushnje, Pogradec, Gjirokaster, Kruje, Lezhe, Kukes, Elbasan, Shkoder, Burrel, Sarande, Peshkopi, Durres, Corovode, Librazhd, Tepelene, Gramsh, Permet, Rreshen,

5 Neighbour countries of Albania

Greece [LM] , Italy [M] , Kosovo [L] , Macedonia [L] , Montenegro [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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