Austria History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Austria has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Austria and important events related to Austria history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Austria Country Profile


Austria History

Austria was involved in World War I under Emperor Franz Josef, after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, the presumed heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne. After the defeat and dissolution of the monarchy, the German-Austrian Republic was announced with the intention of union with Germany, which eventually failed due to the Allied powers and the state remained unfamiliar. In 1919, the first Austrian republic became the legal successor of Austria. In 1938, Austria-born Adolf Hitler, who became the Chancellor of the German Reich, received the fall of Austria by the Austrians. After the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 and an extended period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as a sovereign and self-governing democratic nation known as the Second Republic.

Austria Geography

Austria is largely a hilly country due to its location in the Alps. The Middle Eastern Alps, the Northern Limestone Alps and the Southern Limestone Alps are all partially in Austria. Only a quarter of Austria's total area (84,000 km 2) can be considered low, and only 32% of the country is below 500 meters (1,640 ft). The Alps of western Austria give way to some extent in the low lands and plains in the eastern part of the country.

Austria Economy

Due to a highly industrialized economy and a well-developed social market economy, Austria consistently ranks high in terms of GDP per capita. By the 1980s, many of Austria's largest industry firms were nationalized; In recent years, however, privatization has reduced the state's grip compared to other European economies. The labor movements are particularly influential, having a large impact on decisions related to labor politics and the expansion of the economy. International tourism is the most important part of Austria's economy, ahead of a highly developed industry.

Austria Language

Standard Austrian German is spoken in Austria, although it is mainly used in education, publications, announcements, and websites.

Austria Important Facts

  • Austria is a country located in Central Europe covered by the Alps Mountains. Its capital is Vienna.
  • The official name of Austria is Republik Oesterreich, which means 'Eastern Region'.
  • Austria borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovakia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.
  • Illyrian people lived here in the Iron Age. Austria gained official independence on July 27, 1955, after the Austrian State Treaty (May 15, 1955 AD) was implemented.
  • The total area of ​​Austria is 83,871 square kilometers (32,383 square miles).
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Austria in 2016 was 87.5 lakhs.
  • 1/4 of the population of Austria lives in Viana, the 22nd largest city in the world.
  • The official language of Austria is German.
  • The currency of Austria is named Euro.
  • Austria is the only country in Europe not a member of NATO.
  • Austria ranks sixth among timber exporting countries.
  • Despite being a hilly country, there is a total of 41,649 km here. Roads up to 5, 908 km There is a network of rail lines. In addition, there are six airports located in Vienna, Linz, Salburg, Grays, Klagenfurt and Innsbruck.
  • Tiergarten Schönbrunn, located in Vienna, is one of the oldest zoos in the world, founded in 1752 by Emperor Franz Stefan.
  • Vienna, the capital of Austria, is also known as the 'city of dreams', as it is home to the world's first psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud.
  • Austria's Krimml Falls is the largest waterfall in Europe, with a height of 380 meters.

Austria Important History Events

  • 01 november 996 - Holy Roman Emperor Otto III issued a document containing theearliest known use of 'Osterrîchi', the Old High German name ofAustria.
  • 15 november 1315 - A 1,500-strong force from the Swiss Confederacy ambushed agroup of Austrian soldiers of the Holy Roman Empire on the shores ofLake Ägerisee in Switzerland.
  • 15 october 1529 - The Siege of Vienna ended as the Austrians repelled theinvading Turks, turning the tide against almost a century of uncheckedconquest throughout eastern and central Europe by the Ottoman Empire.
  • 24 May 1653 - The German Parliament declared Ferdinand II as King of Austria.
  • 03 May 1660 - Sweden, Polar and Austria signed the Olva peace deal. The Treaty or Peace of Oliva was one of the peace treaties that ended the Second Northern War (1655–1660). The Treaty of Oliva in the same year, and the Treaty of Copenhagen, and the Treaty of Cardis in the following year marked the high point of the Swedish Empire.
  • 28 May 1704 - Battle of Smolenike: The Kuruk rebels defeated the Austrian army and its allies.
  • 13 June 1704 - Battle of Koronko: Austrian and Denmark, Prussia, Croatia, Germany defeated their allies and Vojvodina Kurux.
  • 07 September 1706 - War of Spanish Succession - Turin forces of Austria and defeated France at the Battle of Savoy.
  • 20 august 1710 - War of the Spanish Succession-The Spanish-Bourbon armycommanded by the Marquis de Bay was soundly defeated by a multinational army led by the Austrian commander Guido Starhemberg.
  • 01 May 1711 - Austria signs peace with Karel-Hungarian rebellion

Populated Cities of Austria

Klagenfurt, Wiener Neustadt, Linz, Bregenz, Graz, Vienna, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Eisenstadt, Sankt Polten,

8 Neighbour countries of Austria

Czech Republic [L] , Germany [L] , Hungary [L] , Italy [L] , Liechtenstein [L] , Slovakia [L] , Slovenia [L] , Switzerland [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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